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20 Cards in this Set

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What are the 3 phases of pregnancy?
antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum.
What is the focus of nuring care during pregnancy?
to teach the mother how to maintain good health, or in the case of a mother with a condition that places her or her fetus at risk, to improve her health as much as possible.
PRENATAL VISITS
complete history and physical
What is an obstetric history?
number and outcomes of past pregnancies; problems in the mother and infant.
What is a menstrual history?
usual frequency of menstrual cycles and duration of flow; last normal menstrual period(LNMP); and spotting since the LNMP?
What is a contraceptive history?
type used; whether an oral contraceptive was taken before the woman realized she might be pregnant; whether an intrauterine device is still in place.
What is a medical and surgical history?
infections(such as hepatitis or pyelonephritis); past surgical procedures; trauma that involved the pelvis or reproductive organs.
What is a family history?
history of the woman and her partner to identify genetic or other factors that may pose a risk for pregnancy.
What is a psychosocial history?
to identify stability lifestyles and ability to parent a child; significant cultural practices or health beliefs that affect the pregnancy.
Why does the woman have a complete physical exam on her first visit?
to evaluate her general health, determine her basiline VS, weight, to evaluate her nutritional status, and identify current physical or social problems.
Why is a pelvic exam performed?
to evaluate the size, adequacy, and condition of the pelvis and reproductive organs and to assess for signs of pregnancy.
OBSTETRIC TERMS
DESCRIBE HISTORY OF A WOMAN
Gravida
being pregnant.
Nulligravida
a woman who has never been pregnant.
Primigravida
first time pregnancy.
Multigravida
has been pregnant before.
Primipara
has given birth to her first child.
Multipara
has given birth to 2 or more children.
Nullipara
has not given birth.
Age of viability
20 weeks; able to live outside of the uterus.