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26 Cards in this Set

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1. Judiciary Act 1789
It created effective federal courts in a hierarchal order. There were city, county, and state courts, along with circuit courts, and the Supreme Court
2. Citizen Genet
He was a French statesman who came to America in search of monetary aid.
3. Citizen Genet
A French diplomat who came to the U.S. 1793 to ask the American government to send money and troops to aid the revolutionaries in the French Revolution
4. Right of Deposit 1787
This was the right to pass through a port and trade goods paying taxes. Westerners wanted this privilege at the Port of New Orleans.
5. John Marshall
He was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for 33 years. He made the judiciary free from political attack.
6. Lewis and Clark Expedition
They were sent by Thomas Jefferson to explore the Louisiana Purchase.
7. Chesapeake Leopard Affair
This incident between an American and British ship cause great public resentment among Americans
8. Hamilton’s Financial Plan
Designed to pay off the U.S.’s war debts and stabilize the economy, this idea believed that the United States should become a leading international commercial power. Its programs included the creation of the Bank of the United States
9. Whiskey Rebellion
In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey, and several federal officers were killed in the riots caused by their attempts to serve arrest warrants on the offenders.
10. Washington’s Farewell Address
He warned against the dangers of political parties and foreign alliances
11. It was signed in the hopes of settling the growing conflicts between the U.S. and Britain. It dealt with the Northwest posts and trade on the Mississippi River
Jay’s Treaty
12. Treaty between the U.S. and Spain which gave the U.S. the right to transport goods on the Mississippi river and to store goods in the Spanish port of New Orleans
Pinckney’s Treaty Treaty between the U.S. and Spain which gave the U.S. the right to transport goods on the Mississippi river and to store goods in the Spanish port of New Orleans
13. This was a diplomatic scandal which took place from March of 1797 to 1800 in which three French agents, demanded a $12 million loan from the United States, and a formal apology for comments made by U.S. President John Adams
XYZ Affair
14. It was the belief that federal government acted as the states agent and that states can declare federal laws unconstitutional
Compact Theory (States Rights)
15. Jefferson’s election victory changed the direction of the government from Federalist to Democratic- Republican without incidence.
Revolution of 1800
16. Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
17. This was the power given to the Supreme Court to decide the constitutionality of a law passed by congress
Judicial Review This was the power given to the Supreme Court to decide the constitutionality of a law passed by congress
18. Jefferson was interested in the territory because it would give the U.S. the Mississippi River and New Orleans (both were valuable for trade and shipping) and also room to expand.
Louisiana Purchase
19. British seamen often deserted to join the American merchant marines. The British would board American vessels in order to retrieve the deserters, and often seized any sailor who could not prove that he was an American citizen and not British
Impressment
20. This act issued by Jefferson forbade American trading ships from leaving the U.S. It was meant to force Britain and France to change their policies towards neutral vessels by depriving them of American trade
Embargo Act
20. This act issued by Jefferson forbade American trading ships from leaving the U.S. It was meant to force Britain and France to change their policies towards neutral vessels by depriving them of American trade
Embargo Act
21. Replaced the Embargo of 1807, unlike the Embargo, which forbade American trade with all foreign nations, this act only forbade trade with France and Britain.
Non-Intercourse Act
22. Forbade trade with Britain and France, but offered to resume trade with whichever nation lifted its neutral trading restrictions first
Macon’s Bill No. 2
23. Western settlers who advocated war with Britain because they hoped to acquire Britain’s northwest posts
War Hawks
24. This turned public sentiment against the Federalists and led to the demise of the party
Hartford Convention
25. Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner
Treaty of Ghent