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33 Cards in this Set

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An area of memory where Windows 2000 and Windows XP keeps track of the last 50 commands entered at the command prompt.
Command History
The default keyboard mode which characters typed at the command prompt are inserted at the the position of the cursor, and characters to the right are shifted to the right.
Insert Mode
Replace the text by typing over the text.
Overtype mode
A key that alternates between two related uses each time you press it.
Toggle Key
The starting directory used by the operating system; drive Windows uses to locate commands and files if no other drive is specified; current working drive.
Default Drive
Folder; acts as a container for files and other directories.
Directory
The top-level folder; primary container for the drive's files and directories.
Root Directory
Process by which a porgram adjusts the screen view.
Scrolling
The order which the system keeps track of files.
Disk Order
The amount of storage space one character requires on disk.
Byte
Identifies the type of information in a file.
File Extension
Modifies the directory command so DIR displays a directory listing one full window or screen at a time, pausing to give you a chance to read the information.
Pause Switch (/P)
Displays filenames in columns across the width of the window - enables you to view more filenames at once.
Wide Switch (/W)
View filenames in columns vertically versus horizontally.
Down Switch (/D)
Display filenames in alphabetical order.
Order Switch (/O)
Command lists the files in order by date from the file with the oldest date.
Date (D)
Command lists files from the smallest to the largest vice versa.
Size (S)
An MS-DOS filename that follows the rules and conventions for 8.3 filenames
(8-characters/3 character file extension) ALL CAPS.
Short Filename
Formula/procedure for calculating/producing a result.
Algorithm
Setting consisting of a bit turned on or off by the operating system.
Attribute (A)
Operating system files.
System (S)
Not displayed in directory listings.
Hidden (H)
Cannot save changes to the file under the same filename.
Read-Only (R)
Indicate that it has not been backed up by any standard backup utility.
Archive (A)
Combination of RAM plus the paging file.
Virtual Memory
Symbol that substitutes for one or more characters in a filename.
Wildcard
Substitutes for a single character in a filename.
Question Mark (/?)
Substitutes for one or more characters.
Asterick (/*)
Special file created on a hard disk by the operating system for use as supplemental RAM.
Paging File
Provides information about the types fo files you want to select and display in a directory listing.
File Specification
Filename of up 255 characters, which can contain spaces as well as uppercase and lowercase letters and certain symbols.
Long filename
Area of memory that stores information in environment variables for use by the program.
Windows environment
A symbolic name associated with a specific setting.
Environment variable