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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
inflation
rise in prices to do sharp increase in money available
vasco de gama
portuguese navigator-sailed around cape of good hope
british east india company
trading company set up by the british in india
tokugawa
japanese natives hostile towards foreigners
line of demarcation
division of the non-european world split between spain and portugal
atahualpa
incan emperor, burned at the stake after ransom (francisco pizarro)
capitalism
means of production are owned and operated for profit
albuquerque
portuguese soldier-conquered malacca and goa
francis drake
english sea dog, helped defeat spanish armada
mestizos
people of native american and european descent
prestor john
very rich african ruler
peninsulares
people born in spain
francisco pizarro
conquistador who seized incan empire for spain
caravel
improved type of sailing ship
plantation
large plantation run by owner or overseer
circumnavigate
sail around
puritans
english who left for the new world for religious freedom
christopher columbus
italian sailor for spain discovered the "new world"
boer
dutch farmer
northwest passage
americas back to europe
lateen
triangular sail
mission
religious search for converts
joint stock company
company in which shares are sold to investors to finance business ventures
ming
chinese dynasty
conquistadors
spanish conquerors
qing, manchu
chinese dynasties
ferdinand magellen
first to circumnaviage
sepoy
indian soldier for the english
mercantilism
export more than you import
ferdinand and isabella
spanish king and queen who invested in columbus' journey
futa toro
place of slave trade
pedro cabral
discovered brazil
affonso I
african leader resisted european takeover
john cabot
newfoundland for england
dutch east india company
trading company set up by the dutch in india
reconquista
reconquering
viceroy
ruling representatives
indenture
binding contract
seven years war (1756-63)
england vs france
henry hudson
hudson river for dutch
treaty of paris (1763)
treaty concluding seven years war
hernando cortes
explorer of mexican land
astrolabe
instrument used to determine latitude at sea
jamestown 1607
first stable engish colony
voyage of dias 1488
rounded cape of goodhope
columbian exchange
the exchange of goods between europe and the new world
raj
british rule in india
voyage of magellen 1519
pacific ocean, circumnavigation
sinking of spanish armada 1588
by the english
voyage of columbus 1492
discover of new world
entrepreneur
person who assumes financial risk in hopes of making profit
treaty of tordesillas
adjustment of the line made from the 'line of demarcation'
prince henry of portugal
school of navigation
creoles
american born, spanish descendents
sea dogs
english sailors in search to destroy spanish armada
treaty of tordesillas
adjustment of the line made from the 'line of demarcation'
encomienda
right spanish government granted american colonists to demand labor/tribute from native americans
hegemony
influence/authority over others
colonization
act of colonizing
cartographer
mapmaker
bartholomew diaz
rounded tip of africa-cape of good hope
massachusetts bay colony 1630
mayflower / puritans
matteo ricci
italian who introduced christianity to china
francis xavier
christian missionary in japan
mulattoes
people of african and european descent
middle passage
africa to the americas
tariff
tax on imported goods
amerigo vespucci
named the new continents the AMERICAS