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25 Cards in this Set

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Douglas McArthur
General Commander of Allied forces on the island
Franklin Roosevelt
President of the US during WWII
Hidei Tojo
Chief of staff of Japans Kwantung army
Adolf Hitler
Leader of Germany during WWII. Sort of started the war. A powerful dictator. Wanted Germany to have All Power. Defeated countries, regained a lot of land from WWI. Wanted to unite all Germans and one master race. Created the Holocaust. Killed many people.
Erwin Rommel
General who led AfrikaCorps. The legendary Desert Fox
Joseph Stalin
Took control of Russia after Lenin died. Focused on creating a communist state. Established a totalitarian government by 1939. Control over all citizens.
Harry Truman
Became president after Roosevelt died.
Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of Britain during WWII
Dwight Eisenhower
General for America. Launched Operation Torch invasion onto European soil.
Benito Mussolini
leader of Italy in WWII created Fascist Party, Follows "Black Shirts"
Nazi party
Group of followers of Adolph Hitler nazism. German brand of fascism.
Fascism
Stressed nationalism and placed the interests of the state above those of individuals.
Appeasement
Giving up principles to pacify an aggressor.
Nazi-Soviet Union non-Aggression Pact 1939
Commitment never to attack each other.
Holocaust
The systematic murder of 11 million people across Europe, more than half of whom were Jews.
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy and Japan signed a mutual defense treaty the Tripartite Pact.
Allied powers
United States, Britain
Lend lease
Lend and lease of weapons
Pearl Harbor
U.S. Naval base in Hawaii attacked by Japan, surprise in the pacific. Entering US into war--declaring war on Japan
D-day
June 6, 1944 allied invasion code named Operation Overlord. Parachuted down behind German lines. Largest land-sea-air operation in History.
Operation Overlord
Attack/invasion of Allied Nation on German lines
Battle of the Bulge
Dec 16, 8 German tank divisions broke through weak American defense a long an 80 mile front. Tanks drove 60 miles into Allied territory creating a bulge in the lines giving its name. Captured 120 American GIs near Malmedy. Lasted a month. Germans pushed back. Not much seemed to change.
Miday
Island west of Hawaii. Battle of Midway Allies succeed in stopping the Japanese. A turning point in the Pacific war. Soon Allies began "Island Hopping"
Coral Sea
Place where US and Australia stopped the Japanese. Drive toward Australia. Five day battle in the Coral Sea
Genocide
The deliberate and systematic killing of an entire population. "Final solution" for Hitler in the Holocaust.