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41 Cards in this Set

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Archeologist
scientist who studies the life and culture of ancient people by excavating ancient living sites
Anthropologist
scientist who studies past humans pre-human civilization
Paleontologist
they study of forms of life existing in prehistoric times as represented by fossils
Prehistory
history of humankind in the period before recorded history
Radio Carbon Dating
a technique to determine age of fossil
Artifact
objects shaped by human hands, also remains of human life
Culture
the ideas, customs, skills, and arts of a given people at a given time
Technology
: the skills and useful knowledge available to them for collecting material and making objects necessary for survival
Primitive
earliest or original stage/state
Civilized
to raise from primitive, come out of primitive stage/ state
Primary Source
a firsthand account of an event
Secondary Source
a secondhand account of an even, such as stories passed down.
Paleolithic
Old stone age
mesolithic
middle stone age
neolithic
new stone age
homo habilis
pereson with ability
homo erectus
person who walks upright
homo sapiens
person who thinks
government
need for law and order
economy
the ways man uses his enviornment to meet his material needs (food, shelter, and clothing)
religion
the need for shared beliefs
family
need to care for and raise children
+ social standings in society
language. self expression
need for communication
nile is in?
egypt
yellow is in
china
tigris-euphrates is in
iraq/mesopatamia
indus is in
india
artisan
a speacilized crafts person
cultural diffusion
the exchange of ideas, knowledge, skills, and customs amongst different civilizations
agricultural surplus
an excess amount of food
division of labor
the different roles a person plays in work
men/women
event
all inclusive, everything is in it, big, happens once and is gone, no long seen, invisible, caused by many things
account
selective, things left out of the account, smaller, can be used in the present, visible, created by someone, shows someones perspective
what helps in shaping an account
- ethnocentrism (judging people)
--skills
-talent
-experiences
-point of view--> values
-materials and tools
-knowldge and ideas
-importance
-purpose and use
-time and space
homo habilis...
- crude stone tools
-limited language
-food gathering and scavenging
homo erectus....
-hand-axes and other flaked stone tools
-caves used and pits dug
-hand-axes and other flaked stone tools
language
-nomadic bands
-hunting-gathering
2 types of homo sapiens
neandrathal and cro-magnon
neandrathal.....
-spear points and hide scrapers
-shelters built or caves improved
-skins laced for clothing
-planned burials of dead
-care for handicapped members of community
cro-magnon
-knives, chisel, spear thrower, bow, and arrow
-bone tools; needle, fish hook, harpoon
-fish nets, canoes
-sewed leather clothing
-sun-hardened pottery
-cooperative big game hunts
-status burials for leaders
-possible magic rituals with cave painting and cared sculpted artifacts
Paleolithic people are
homo habilis, homo erectus, and homo sapiens (neandrathals and cromagnon)
Neolithic accomplishments
-irrigation systems
-specialization of labor
-metalworking technology
-long distance trade-
-planning leadership
- levels of social standing
- invention of writing