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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Cartography
study of maps
not map making
What 2 purposes do maps serve?
tool for storing reference and material & tool for communicating geographic information
reference and info
Earliest maps made by ...
Babyloions 2300BC
clay tablets
Polynesions used ... to ...
stickcharts made of trees and shells to navigate south pacific islands
beach materials ... islands
Who was first to demonstrate that Earth was Spherical?
Aristotle
Aeropostale
First to use word GEOGRAPHY
Eratothenes
Era...
Greek Ptomely did what?
Wrote a guide to geography (100AD-170AD?) that was used for thousands of years
Guide
How did cartographers make maps accurate?
Explorers like Columbus and Magellon traveled the world and told them what they saw.
Explorers
Scale
the relationship of a features size on a map to its actual size on earth
size
Projection
the method of transferring location on Earth to a flat map
map-making
Land ordinance of 1785
divided much of the US into townships to sell land to settlers in the west
division of land
Township
6 square miles/32 1mile by 1mile sections
(principal meridians north south)
(base lines east west)
sections
GIS
computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze and display geographic data
Geographic Information System
Remote Sensing
satellite images of earth's suface
sat.
GPS
finds the exact position of something on Earth
Boat, plane