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14 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
All organisms, takes place in cytosol, molecule of glucose is oxidized to two molecules of pyruvic acid (Pyr) Yield: net 2 ATP, 2 NADH, 2 pyruvate
All eukaryotes, generation of ATP by movement of Hydrogen ions across a membrane, happens in mitochondria
ATP production
Cellular respiration
Kreb's (citric acid) cycle
Series of chemical reactions of central importance in all living cells that utilize oxygen as part of cellular respiration, yield: 1 ATP, 3 NADH, 1 FADH two, CO two (exhale)
Fuction of Kreb's cycle
To produce electron acceptors for the ETC
Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
Biochemical reactions that produce ATP, yield: ~36ATP, occurs in inner membrane of mitochondria, cristae
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light → C6H12O6 + 6 O2; the synthesis of sugar from light, carbon dioxide and water, with oxygen as a waste product; all life depends on it
Light Reactions
First stage of photosynthetic system; converts solar energy into chemical energy
ADP.ATP (phosphorylation)
ATP is synthesized in the mitochondrion by addition of a third phosphate group to ADP
cyclic photophosphorylation: production of ATP using energy from sunlight
Calvin Cycle
Takes place in the stroma of chloroplasts; Uses energy from short-lived electronically-excited carriers to convert carbon dioxide and water into organic compounds that can be used by the organism
C4 photosynthesis
Separate 2 steps of carbon fixation anatomically=2 diff. cells, Passes carbon by regerneration CO two in inner bundle sheath cells to Rubisco and Calvin cycle, grasses, corn, rice, sugar cane
CAM photosynthesis
Separate 2 steps of carbon fixation temporarially=2 diff. times; Fix carbon at night, put in "storage" compounds, then in day release CO two from "storage" compounds to Calvin cycle; cacti, succulents, pineapple
Cell separates its duplicated genome into two identical halves; generally followed by cytokinesis; interphase, prophase, metaphase,anaphase, telophase; cell division triggered by growth; clones,asexual reprodcution, growth, repair