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18 Cards in this Set

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Learning
Learning is a relatively permanent change in a behavioral tendency that results from experience.
Classical Conditioning
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a natural simtulas and a neutral stimulus
Operant Conditioning
learning in which a certain action is reinforced or punished, resulting in corresponding increases or decreases in occurrence
3 processes of memory
encoding, storage, retrieval
neutral stimulus
a stimulus that does not initially elicit any part of the unconditioned response
unconditioned response
an organism's natural, automatic reaction to a stimulus
memory
the storage and retrieval of what has been learned or experienced
encoding
the transforming of information so the nervous system can process it
storage
the process by which information is maintained over a period of time
retrieval
the process of obtaining info that has been stored in memory
thinking
changing and reorganizing info stored in memory to create new info
concept
a label for a class of objects or events that have at least one attribute in common
language
the expression of ideas through symbols and sounds that are arranged according to rules
semantics
the study of meaning in language
syntax
language rules that govern how words can be combined to form meaningful phrases and sentences
3 parts of language
phonemes, morphemes, syntax
phoneme
an individual sound that is a basic structural element of language
morpheme
the smallest unit of meaning in a given language