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77 Cards in this Set

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Abakua
The term for music, dance, and ritual of Efik origin in Cuba, influenced by cultures of the cross-delta region between present-day Nigeria and Cameroon. Consist exclusively of men.
Afro
A popular song genre from the early twentieth century in which lyrics and music tried to evoke aspects of the black Caribbean experience
Aggregate Melodies
A prominent characteristic of much Afro-Caribbean and West African music is that the melodies of a given piece often derive from the interaction of various melodies played together. Each single melody forms a whole melody
Aguinaldo
A common type of Puerto Rican musica jibara, generally sung at Christmas time with religious themes
Apambichao Style
a style of Merengue that incorporates a syncopated bass style similar to that of Cuban son
Areito
Song and dance form of the Caribbean during Spanish conquest
Arpeggiation
The outlining of individual notes in a chord
Charanga
A term for a dance band group consisting of piano bass, guiro, timbales, flute and violins in addition to other wind instruments on occasion
Cinquillo
"Little group of five" 1-2-3 1-2
Clave
An instrument, a pair of rounded, resonant sticks made of hard wood
Conga Drums
Large hand drums made of strips of wood nailed together and topped with a skin head...originated from the Bantu-Kongo origin
Creolization
The blending and fusions of different races and cultures into one new culture
Creolized music
Music that stems from two or more sources
Cua
Instrument used in Puerto Rican bomba music. Consists of a pair of sticks that constantly play a cinquillo rhythm
Dancehall
A form of Jamaican dance music preformed widely at clubs
Decima
A ten line. Spanish derived poetic form prominent in musica guajira and musica jabara
Dem Bow
A Jamaican dance rhythm developed in the studio that strongly influenced reggaeton
Diaspora
A term used to reference the the various cultural formations including African- influenced culture in the Americas
Ellegua
A Yoruba deity of the Santeria religion. He is a childlike trickster and messenger of the orishas (gods)
Filin (from word "feeling)
A variant of the Bolero that developed in Cuba in the late 1950's. Includes complex and extended harmonies, vocal improv, and rubato- style vocals
Merengue
The national music music and dance of the Dominican Republic
Merengue Tipico
A folkloric form of merengue that originated in the Cabao region of the Dominican Republic
Negro
Black person (duh)
Nueva Cancion/Nueva Trova
"New Song" Political folk music that originated in Chile and Cuba
Ochosi
A Yoruba deity of the hunt who is worshiped in Santeria ceremony
Oggun
Yoruba god of iron and forge, a fierce warrior
Ochun
Yoruba Goddess of beauty
Paseo
Promenade
Pena
A small, informal artistic gathering
Perreo
"Doggy Style Dancing" (basically grinding lol)
Punto
Sung decimas
Quinto
The highest pitched drum the Rumba ensemble
Reggaeton
Established in 1998h
Regla de Ochas
Rule of the Orichas
Salsa
Emerged in 1960's New York with influences form Cuban son and jazz music
Salsa Dura
Hard Salsa. Name for early, raw sounding salsa of the 1970's
Salsa Monga
Limp Salsa. More romantic salsa
Salve
A devotional music genre of music from the DR with African percussion instruments
Segudilla
A strophic song form derived from Spanish traditions
Seis
The term used in Puerto Rico for sung decimas in the musica jibara
Son
Creolized form of dance music from Cuba
Sexteto
Sextet (for Cuban Son)
Septeto
A group of 7
Tambor
Generic term form drum
Tambora
a double headed drum used in merengue and other folkloric popular music in the DR
Timbales
A percussion instrument created in the 1800's in Cuba and used today in Salsa bands. Consists of two drums on a metal stand
Tres
A folkloric string instrument from Cuba that has three courses of double strings
Tresillo
rhythmic pattern consisting of 3 eighth notes
agogo
double metal bell
alfaia
large bass drum
baiao
Northeastern Brazilian musical genre popularized by Luiz Gonzaga
baiano
up-tempo double meter, northeastern Brazilian genre
bateria
the percussion ensemble that accompanies the samba school
berimbao
musical bow used to accompany capoeira
bossa nova
intimate form of samba developed in the late 1950's in Rio de Janeiro
Caixa
snare drum
capoiera
dance/martial arts/game with musical accompaniment (remember our awkward cartwheels) :)
Carnaval
carnival, celebrated on the three days proceeding Lent and during the preceding weeks
cavaquino
small guitar used in Samba
choro
primarily instrumental genre with long syncopated melodies, often with a light samba feel
cuica
friction drum
escola de samba
samba school
mangue
the name of Recife popular music (remember the weird video with the guy on the ground like some lizard thing) (Mangue movement)
mestre
master performer
musica caipira
rural music of South- Central Brazil
morro
another term for favelas in Rio de Janiero
musica sertaneje
Brazilian country music
Pagode
backyard samba style
Pandiero
tamborine
samba cancao
samba song
sambo enredo
Carnival theme samba
Sanfona
Accordian
surdo
large base drum
tamborim
small tambourine
Tropicalia
experiment popular music movement in 1967-1969
viola
guitar with 5 double coursed steel strings
MEGA SWAGG
US ACING THIS EXAM LIKE GANGSTAS