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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Culture (old definition)
Culture is the system of learned beliefs and customs that characterize the total way of life for a particular society.
Culture (new definition)
Culture is the acquired knowledge that people use to interpret their world and generate social behavior.
A methodology is the method by which data or information is acquired.
Participant-Observation is an anthropologist's primary methodology. It is defined by the practices of participating in the society (including having conversations and intervies with people) and observing behavior and interaction. Participation-observation usually invovles long-term research.
Emic point of view
An emic point of view is an insider's point of view. Emic perspectives are multiple.
Informant or Consultant
An informant or consultant is a person from whom an anthropologist acquires data. This data includes direct statements (verbal or oral evidence), interactions with others in society (both oral and behavioral), and non-verbal information (behavior).
Values are arbitrary conceptions of what is desireable in human experience. Values tend to center on ideas about right and wrong and good and bad.
Ethnocentrisim is the act of thinking that your own culture represents the best of at least the most appropriate way for human beings to live.
A symbol is anything we can perceive with our senses that stands for something else.
A referent what a symbol refers to or points to.
Hunting and Gathering
Hunting and gathering is a subsistence strategy in which there is heavy reliance on wilds plants and animals as a source of food. This subsistence strategy usually does not involve food production, either directly by planting or indiretly by controlling the reproduciton of animals or keeping domestic animals for consumption of their meat or milk.
Pastoralism is a subsistence strategy that primarily involves the care of domestic herd animals.
Horticulture is a subsistence strategy that is based on the production of plants using non-mechanized technologies.
Agriculture is a form of food production in which fields are in permanent cultivation.
Industrialism is a subsistence strategy that involves the use of machine technology and chemical processes for the production of food and other goods. Industrialism is defined by the replacement of human and animal energy by machines.
Kinship is the complext system of culturally-defined social relationships based on mariage or other long-term sexual unions and based on birth.
Descent is a cultural rule that ties together people on the basis of reputed common ancestry.
Bilateral Kinship
Bilateral kinship is a rule os descent that links a person to kin through both males and females.
Patrilineals is a rule of descent that links relatives through males only. (Both patrilineal and matrilineal kinship systems are unilineal)
Matrilineal is a rule of descent that links relatives through females only. (Both patrilineal and matrilineal kinship systems are unilineal)
A lineage is a localized group that is based on unilineal descent and that usually holds some corporate powers.
A clan is composed of of several lineages, usually three or more. Clan members believe they are all descended from a common ancestor.