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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Adrenal Mass
Mets
Hemorrhage
Adrenal Cortical Ca
Pheo
Adenoma
Cysts (true and pseudo)
Myelolipoma
Neuroblastoma
Renal Tx Complications
Hematoma - post op
ATN (<3ks)
Rejection - anytime
Urinoma - post op
Abscess
Lymphocele
Lypmpoproliferative Dx
Renal Artery Stenosis
Resistive Index Formula
PSV-EDV/PSV. >0.7 abnl
Renal Infarct DDX
Infarct
Acute Lobar Nephronia
Renal Tumor
Hematoma
Neonatal Adrenal Hemm Causes
Birth Trauma
Sepsis/Anoxia
Coagulopathy

DDx neurblastoma - doesnt dec in size over time.
Christmas tree bladder with diverticula, +/- reflux
Neurogenic bladder (myelomening, sacral agen, tethered cord, post traumatic, cp)
Filling defect in the bladder or ureter on IVP
Tumor
Calc
Clot
Urachal Remnant Tumor
Sloughed Papilla
Fungus Ball
Ureterocele
Inverted Tic
Kids: rhabdo, teratoma, pnet
Wilms Tumkor assoc with what?
aniridia, hemi-hypertrophy, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, nephroblastomatosis, and various genitourinary abnormalities (hypoplasia, fusion, ectopia, duplicated collecting systems, hypospadias, and cryptorchidism)
How often is wilms bilateral
5-10 %
Solitary Renal Mass
Cyst
RCC
Oncocytoma
AML
Hematoma
Acute lobar nephronia
Abscess
Infarct
What percent of AML is associated with TS
40%
treat after hemm, pain or > 4cm.
Incidence of aneurysms in ADPCKD
11%
Renal Cysts assoc with
Dialysis
TS
VHL
AD and AR PCKD
Cystic RCC and Wilms
Peri-Parapelvic Cysts
Increase Echoes in Urine
Pyonephrosis
Hematuria
Small Calculi/Sediment
Emphysematous Pyleonephritis. where is the gas
kidney parenchyma
Lower limit of nl size of adult kidneys
9cm
Upper limit of nl for infant kidneys
5 cm
Medullary Nephrocalc
Infants - Diuretics
Adults - Hyperparathyroid
Med Sponge
Distal Type I RTA
Cushings
Sarcoid
Vit D and Phosp Therapy
What percent of MCDK pts have contralateral abnl?
15%
Enlarged kidneys in neonate, hyperechoic and potter facies
ARPCKD
Assoc with Hepatic Fibrosis
What size gest sac for yolk sac and fetal pole
8 and 16 mm
DDX for endometrial 'mass' after delivery/preg?
endometriitis
retained POC
mole
fibroid
CA
Causes of asymetric growth retardation
placental insuff
maternal malnutrition
htn
dm
smoking
anemia
drugs
Fetal position head down? head up?
vertex.
breech.
Causes of Inc AFP in preg?
Neural Tube Defects
Abd wall defects
Liver Tumors
Polyhydramnios DDX?
Foregut malformations
high- to mid-gut obstructions
severe CNS anomalies such as anencephaly
Rh isoimmunization
diabetes
twins.
Prevalance of CP cysts?
2-3%
1% risk of T18
Indications for Amnio with CP cysts?
other anomalies - IUGR, cystic hyrgroma, overlapping finger, cleft lip/palate
Normal fetal vent?
10mm
Normal size of cisterna magna?
2-10mm
DDX of fetal heart pushed to right?
CDH
CCAM
Sequestration
Bronchogenic Cyst
Unilateral Lung Atresia
Enteric Cysts
Large Chest wall masses
Meckel Gruber Syndrome?
Encephaloceles
Kidneys Abnln - enlarge and hyerpechoic
Polydactly
Findings in Thanatophoric Dwarfism?
Cloverleaf skull
short ribs
rhizomelic dwarfism
small thorax
fetal death
Mult rib fxs and short limbed fetus, dec mineralization?
OI
DDX of cystic mass from fetal head?
cystic hygroma - assoc with XO
meningocele/encephalocele
teratoma
Hydrops causes?
Immune
NonImmune-
arrhythmias
fetal heart defects
anemias
chromosomal abnl
torch
twin-twin transfusion
Criteria for Diamnionicity?
Separating membrane
Two placentas
Male/Femal twins must be dizygotic and therefore have 2 amnio/chorions
What type of twinning gets twin-twin transfusion?
monochorionic
one with hydrops and then other 'small stuck twin'
Lenticular hypoechoic mass deep to the placenta with flow? without flow?
retroplacental vascular complex.
subplacental hemm or abruption.
DDX for subchorionic hemm?
In the more acute state, the differential diagnosis for an abruption includes a myoma, succenturiate placenta, chorioangioma, and co-existent hydatidiform mol
Subchonic hemm after 16 weeks ddx?
differential diagnosis for a hypoechoic subchorionic hemorrhage beyond approximately 16 weeks includes an amniotic band and/or a synechia
Which placental abruption is low pressure, assoc with vaginal bleeding?
marginal type.
Retroplacental type is high pressure, and usually no vag bleeding.
A mass near the cord insertion on the placent?
Placental Chorioangioma. Assoc with inc AFP and hydrops. DDX is uterine contraction
DDX of intrauterine mass with adjacent normal fetus?
twin with normal fetus and mole in other
singleton with hydrops
unusual uterine contraction
unsual fibroid
Placenta Previa Types
Normal
Low lying
Marginal
Partial
Total
Scan with bladder empty
Risks for previa
prior c section
older age
uterine operations
multiparity
Hourglass membranes?
incompetent cervix
Punctate echogenic foci in the endometrium post partum
endometritis
Hypoechoic ovarian mass without shadowing that resolves after 2 cycles?
hemm cyst
Hypoechoic ovarian mass without shadowing that does NOT resolve after two cysts?
endometrioma
Fatty liver causes?
etoh, hyperlipid, hyepral, tpn, dm. steroids, cushings, obesity, chemo,
Increased density liver
hemochromatosis
gauchers'
portal vein thombosis causes
portal htn
infections
hypercoag
hcc
post op