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972 Cards in this Set

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apogee
n. highest point; the point farthest from the earth

Sp. apogeo
apologist
n. one who writes in defense of a cause or institution
saboteur : disrupt :: apologist : defend
apologist : defend :: anarchist : rebel
disciple : follow :: apologist : defend
heretic : unconformity :: apologist : defend
patron : support :: apologist : defend
apologist <> critic/detractor
Sp. apologista
apostate
n. one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs

Sp. apóstata
apothegm
(apophthegm)
n. pithy, compact sayings
appall
v. dismay; shock deeply
appall <> embolden/nerve
encourage <> appall
Sp. espantar
apocryphal
adj. spurious; not authentic; invented rather than true

Sp. apócrifo
apolitical
adj. having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
apoplexy
n. stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain

Sp. apoplejía
apothecary
n. one who prepares and sells drugs or compounds for medicinal purposes
apothecary : medicine :: butcher : meat
{librarian : book}는 답아님!
Sp. farmacéutico
apotheosis
n. elevation to godhood an ideal example of something

Sp. apoteosis
appease
v. pacify or soothe; relieve
roil <> clarify/appease
vex <> pacify/appease/soothe
appease <> rile

Sp. aplacar
append
v. attach

Sp. añadir
application
n. diligent attention

Sp. aplicación
apposite
adj. apt, relevant, pertinent, germane, appropriate,
proper : apt apposite : relevant :: ??
apposite <> extraneous
Sp. apropiado
appraise
v. estimate value of

Sp. estimar
apparition
n. ghost; phantom
Sp. aparición
antique
n. made in an earlier period and usually valuable
Sp. antigüedad
antiquity
n. quality of being very old; ancient times
Sp. antigüedad
acquiesce
v. assent; agree passively
intransigent : acquiesce :: deferential : offend
acquiesce : yielding :: capitulate : categorical(#)
acquiesce <> defy/resist/refute
Sp. consentir
ambivalence
n. simultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings (as attraction and repulsion) toward an object, person, or action
ambivalent <> committed
Sp. ambivalencia
accretion
n. the growing of separate things into one
accrete : growth :: erode : destruction
accrete : grow :: inch : advance
accrete <> wear away
Sp. aumento
contingent
adj. conditional, dependent, accidental
Sp. contingente
amnesia
n. loss of money
Sp. amnesia
demigod
n. partly divine being
Sp.
amenable
adj. readily managed or willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally
amenable <> inimical
Sp. favorable
ameliorate
v. improve
ameliorate : promotion :: exacerbate : depravation(=)
ameliorate : improve :: admonish : caution
ameliorate <> aggravate
ameliorate <> exacerbate
damper <> ameliorator
Sp. mejorar
antecede
v. precede
Sp. preceder
antagonism
n. hostility; active resistance
animus <> friendly
Sp. antagonismo
adulterate
v. make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
Sp. adulterar
remonstrate
v. to present and urge reasons in opposition; expostulate
annotate
v. : to furnish (a literary work) with critical commentary or explanatory notes; gloss
annotate : commentary :: gloss : definition
Sp. comentar
aphorism
n. pithy maxim or saying; short pithy statement of a general truth
brevity : aphorism :: distortion : caricature
euphemism : offensive :: aphorism : diffuse
pithiness : aphorism :: exaggeration : caricature
Sp. aforismo
accretion
n. accrue, increase, addition, accumilation
Sp. aumento
aplomb
n. poise; assurance : complete and confident composure or self-assurance
trepidation <> aplomb
Sp. aplomo
anodyne
n. drug that relieves pain; opiate
ambrosia
n. food of the gods; divinely sweet, fragrant, or delicious.
Sp. ambrosía
apiary
n. a place where bees are kept
apiary : bee :: cage : pet
Sp. colmenar
amble
n. moving at an easy pace
walk : amble :: talk : chat
walk : amble :: draw : doodle
amble <> step quickly
Sp. ambladura (de un caballo)
altercation
n. noisy quarrel; heated dispute
Sp. altercado
apocalyptic
adj. prophetic; pertating to revelations
apocalyptic : prophetic :: inconsequential : illogical
apocalyptic : prophetic :: inconsequential : irrational
apocalyptic <> inconsequential
Sp. apocalíptico
anonymity
n. state of being nameless;
Sp. anonimato
anomaly
n. irregularity
Sp. anomalía
admonish
v. warn; reprove
admonish : denounce :: punish : pillory(<<)
peccadillo : sin :: admonishment : castigation(<<)
pretense : deceive :: admonition : reprove
alibi : exculpatory :: warning : admonitory
apprise : information :: admonish : warning
Sp. amonestar
inviolate
adj. not violated or profained, pure
pierce : impenetrable :: profane : inviolate
penetrate : impermeable :: profane : inviolable :: comprehend : obscure
inviolable <> profane/impure
Sp. inviolado
amalgamate
v. combine, unite in one body (of societies or groups)
amalgamation : disintegrated :: ??
amalgamate <> separate/isolate/disintegrate
{insulate}답아님
amalgamation <> disintegration
Sp. amalgamar
anoint
v. consecrate
Sp. ungir
infallibility
n. impeccable, perfect; unerring; cannot err
Sp. infalibilidad
inerrant
adj. not deviating from an accepted standard; does not err
poise
n. good judgement with composure; balance
Sp. equilibrio
anomalous
adj. abnormal; irregular
anomaly : paradigmatic :: blemish : flawless(#)
anomalous <> conformity to norms
anomalous <> typical
Sp. anómalo
repudiate
v. : renounce, disown, disclaim, gainsay, disaffirm, disavow; abjure, abnegate, forsake, relinquish, waive :divorse
: to refuse to accept; especially :to reject as unauthorized or as having no binding force
: to reject as untrue or unjust
Sp. repudiar
adorn
v. decorate
Sp. adornar
adroit
adj. skillful (in using mind or hand)
loquacious : succinct :: adroit : ungainly(#)
adroitness : inept :: difficulty : simplicity(#)
adroit <> ungainly
ham-handed <> deft/adroit
Sp. diestro
adulation
n. flattery; admiration
Sp. adulación
amass
v. collect
Sp. amontonar
annuity
n. yearly allowance
Sp. anualidad
altruistic
adj. unselfishly generous, concerned for others
Sp. altruista
annul
v. make void nullify, abolish, abrogate, countermand, revoke, liquidate, rescind, repeal
annul <> make legal
annul <> reaffirm
Sp. anular
adventitious
adj. accidental; cause happening by chance
Sp. adventicio
pejorative
adj. depreciatory
: having negative connotations ; tending to disparage or belittle
: tending to make or become worse
pejorative <> laudatory/meliorative
Sp. peyorativo
amend
v. correct; change, generally for the better
Sp. enmendar
nomenclature
n. terminology of a science
Sp. nomenclatura
subterfuge
n. deception by artifice or stratagem in order to conceal, escape, or evade
subterfuge : deceive :: decantation : pour
Sp. subterfugio
antecedents
n. preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later;
ancestors or early background
Sp. antecedentes
antediluvian
adj. antiquated; extremely ancient
antediluvian : age :: colossal : size
Sp. antediluviano
amoral
adj. non-moral, having no understanding of right and wrong
Sp. amoral
incomprehensible
adj. no limits, impossible to comprehend, unintelligible
Sp. incomprensible
magisterial
adj. imperious, overbearing, pompous
Sp. magistral
ambulatory
adj. able to walk, not bedridden
ambulatory <> bedridden
Sp. ambulativo
nectar
n. drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
Sp. néctar
anthem
n. song of praise or patriotism
Sp. himno
adversary
n. opponent; enemy
supplicant : humility :: adversary : resistance
adversary <> ally
Sp. adversario
proto-
n. first
axiom
n. self-evident, established or widely accepted principle
Sp. axioma
synod
n. an ecclesiastical governing assembly or advisory counsel
Sp. sínodo
booty
n. plunder of war
Sp. botín
adversity
adj. unfavorable, hostile
Sp. adversidad
semper reformanda
always reforming
amiable
adj. agreeable; lovable, warmly friendly
inimical <> friendly/amiable/amicable
Sp. amable
adjunct
n. something (generally nonsessential or inferior) added or attached
adjunct <> essential element
Sp. adjunto
abolish
v. cancel; put an end to
Sp. abolir
espouse
v. adopt, support (a cause doctrine)
lurk : concealment :: espouse : marriage(동사:명사)
abjure <> embrace/espouse
Sp. desposar
poplar
n. tree with rapidly growing trunk and tremulous leaves
Sp. álamo
adverse
adj. unfavorable; hostile
Sp. adverso
accommodate
v. oblige to help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for
accommodate : supply :: obliterate : remove(>>)
Sp. alojar
adamant
adj. hard, inflexable
Sp. firme
anthology
n. book of literary selections by various authors; omnibus
compendium : summary :: anthology : collection(kind)
Sp. antología
anthropomorphic
adj. having human form or characteristics
Sp. antropomórfico
antic
adj. extravagantly odd; characterized by clownish extravagance or absurdity
facetious : speech :: antic : behavior
Sp. grotesco
Finitum non capax infinitum
"The finite cannot grasp (or contain) the infinite."
anticlimax
n. letdown in thought or emotion
Sp. anticlímax
advert
v. to refer incidentally
Sp. referirse
angular
adj. sharp-cornered; stiff in manner
Sp. angular
animadversion
n. critical remark; censure: harsh criticism or disapproval
antidote
n. remedy to counteract a poision or disease
antidote : poisoning :: balm : irritation
antidote : poison :: tonic : lethargy
remedy : disease :: antidote : poisoning
antidote <> intoxication
Sp. antídoto
extol
v. praise, laud, glorify, honor
deprecate <> extol
excoriate <> extol/praise lavishly
extol <> censure/despise/vilify/disparage/condemn/impugn/detract
/malign
Sp. exaltar
felicity
n. intense happiness
felicity <> misery
Sp. felicidad
theocentric
adj. having God as its center
antipathy
n. aversion; dislike
antipathy <> affection
affinity <> antipathy
Sp. antipatía
antiquated
adj. obsolete; outdated
Sp. anticuado
animated
adj. lively; spirited
Sp. animado
alleviate
v. relieve (pain); relieve, lessen, allay, mitigate, mollify, palliate
abate : tax :: alleviate : distress
alleviate : intensity :: abate : tax
alleviate : strength :: dampen : ardor
alleviate : power :: attenuate : force
alleviate : intensity :: console : grief
alleviate <> intensify
alleviate <> exacerbate
Sp. aliviar
anthropocentric
adj. regarding humankind as the center of existence
Sp. antropocentrico
forthwith
adv. without delay
Sp. inmediatamente
aerie
(aery, eyrie, eyry)
n. nest of a large bird of prey (eagle, hawk)
Sp. nido
abominate
adj. loath; hate violently
abominate <> esteem
Sp. abominable
addle
v. to make inefficient or worthless; muddle
Sp. podrido
adjutant
n. staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
Sp. ayudante
ancestry
n. family descent
Sp. ascendencia
abstinence
v. restraint from eating or drinking
abstinence : drunkenness :: celibacy : promiscuity
Sp. abstenerse
actuarial
adj. calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
Sp. escribano
amphibian
adj. able to live both on land and in water
eaglet : bird :: fawn : mammal
Sp. anfibio
accoutre
(accouter)
v. to dress or to equip
Sp. equipe
allocate
v. assign
Sp. asignar
allay
v. calm; pacify
allay <> increase the intensity of/ excite/ galvanize/ arouse/ exacerbate
Sp. disipar
abortive
adj. unsuccessful; fruitless
Sp. frustrado
admonity
containing warning
Sp. amonestar
accolade
n. praise approval
accolade <> excoriating remark/ swearword/ cutting remark/ censure
/ reproof/ reprobation/ excoriation/ disapprobation/ criticism/ denigration
/ denunciation/ derogate/ deplore
deplore <> accolade/extol
Sp. elogio
acrid
irritating; sharp and harsh or unpleasantly pungent in taste or odor
acrid : gentleness :: forthright : guile(#)
grating[strident] : sound :: acrid : odor
acrid : odor :: piercing : sound
acrid <> gentle/savory
Sp. acre
allegiance
fidelity, fealty, troth
: devotion or loyalty to a person, group, or cause
authority : pundits :: allegiance : partisans
renegade : allegiance :: apostate : faith
Sp. lealtad
abominate
adj. loath; hate violently
abominate <> esteem
Sp. abominable
addle
v. to make inefficient or worthless; muddle
Sp. podrido
adjutant
n. staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
Sp. ayudante
ancestry
n. family descent
Sp. ascendencia
abstinence
v. restraint from eating or drinking
abstinence : drunkenness :: celibacy : promiscuity
Sp. abstenerse
actuarial
adj. calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
Sp. escribano
amphibian
adj. able to live both on land and in water
eaglet : bird :: fawn : mammal
Sp. anfibio
accoutre
(accouter)
v. to dress or to equip
Sp. equipe
allocate
v. assign
Sp. asignar
allay
v. calm; pacify
allay <> increase the intensity of/ excite/ galvanize/ arouse/ exacerbate
Sp. disipar
abortive
adj. unsuccessful; fruitless
Sp. frustrado
admonity
containing warning
Sp. amonestar
accolade
n. praise approval
accolade <> excoriating remark/ swearword/ cutting remark/ censure
/ reproof/ reprobation/ excoriation/ disapprobation/ criticism/ denigration
/ denunciation/ derogate/ deplore
deplore <> accolade/extol
Sp. elogio
acrid
irritating; sharp and harsh or unpleasantly pungent in taste or odor
acrid : gentleness :: forthright : guile(#)
grating[strident] : sound :: acrid : odor
acrid : odor :: piercing : sound
acrid <> gentle/savory
Sp. acre
allegiance
fidelity, fealty, troth
: devotion or loyalty to a person, group, or cause
authority : pundits :: allegiance : partisans
renegade : allegiance :: apostate : faith
Sp. lealtad
analogous
adj. comparable; similar
Sp. análogo
abide
v. be faithful or endure
Sp. tolerar
amock
(amuck)
adj. in a state of rage
Sp. furioso
alimentary
adj. supplying nourishment
Sp. alimenticio
abyss
n. enormous chasm, vast, bottomless pit
Sp. abismo
abominable
adj. detestable, extremely unpleasant; very bad
Sp. abominable
acuity
n. sharpness (of mind or senses or sight or hearing)
Sp. agudeza
accord
n. agreement
Sp. acuerdo
acrophobia
n. fear of heights
Sp. acrofobia
accrue
v. come about by addition
Sp. acumular
acclaim
v. applaud; praise; greet wit great approval
Sp. aclamar
anachronism
n. something or someone misplaced in time
Sp. anacronismo
amputate
v. cut off part of the body; prune
Sp. amputar
academic
adj. relating to school; not practically or directly useful
Sp. académico
adjacent
adj. adjoining; neighboring; close by
Sp. adyacente
analgesia
adj. condition of being unable to feel pain
Sp. analgesia
absolute
adj. complete, totally unlimited, certain
Sp. absoluto
allure
v. entice; attract, tempt
Sp. seductor
anemia
n. condtion in which blood lacks red corpuscles
Sp. anemia
affront
n. insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect
Sp. afrenta
acarpous
adj. effete, no longer fertile, worn out
Sp. agotado
acknowledge
v. recognize, admit
Sp. reconocer
abusive
adj. coarsely insultling; physically harmful
Sp. insultante
abase
v. lower, degrade, humiliate
debase, degrade
vitiate <> strengthen/fortify
Sp. humillarse
earmark
n. set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
earmark: funds :: schedule : time
Sp. destinar
accessory
n. additional object; useful but not essential thing
accessory <> of primarily importance
Sp. accesorio
alchemy
n. medieval chemistry, : a power or process of transforming something common into something special
astrology : astronomy :: alchemy : chemistry :: false drug : treatment
alchemy : science :: nostrum : remedy
Sp. alquimia
acme
n. peak; pinnacle; highest point; zenith
vagary : predict :: acme : surpass :: impossibility : execute
acme : mountain :: crest : wave
acme <> nadir
Sp. cumber
extol
v. praise enthusiastically
deprecate <> extol
excoriate <> extol/praise lavishly
extol <> censure, despise, vilify, disparage, condemn, impugn, detract, malign
Sp. exaltar
affidavit
n. written statement made under oath
affidavit : statement :: wedding : ceremony
Sp. declaración jurada
allusion
n. indirect reference
Sp. alusión
acute
adj. quickly perceptive; keen; brief & severe
fatuous <> acute/astute/sagacious
Sp. agudo
alloy (n.)
n. a mixture of metals
Sp. aleación
agitate
v. stir up; disturb
impassive : perturb :: voracious : satisfy
stoic : perturb :: avaricious : satisfy
perturbation <> serenity/equanimity
Sp. agitar
anesthetic
n. substance that removes sensation w/ or w/o loss of consciousness
analgesic : pain :: anesthetic : sensation
aseptic : disinfections :: anesthetic : numbs
pain : analgesic :: sensation : anesthetic
soporific : alert :: anesthetic : pain
sensation <> anesthesia
Sp. anestésico
aberrant
adj. abnormal, deviant
aberration : course :: digression : theme
aberrant : standard :: digressive : topic
aberrant <> typical/normal
Sp. aberrante
accessible
adj. easy to approach; obtainable
abstruse <> accessible/patent
Sp. accesible
acrimonious
adj. bitter in words or manner
uninformative : knowledge :: acrimonious : goodwill
acrimonious <> harmonious
Sp. mordaz
analgesic
adj. causing insensitivity to pain
analgesic : pain :: anesthetic : sensation
aseptic : disinfections :: anesthetic : numbs
pain : analgesic :: sensation : anesthetic
pain : analgesic :: symptom : palliative
analgesia : pain :: simplification : complexity(#)
tonic : invigorate :: analgesic : deaden
Sp. analgesia
abscission
n. removal by cutting off, as in surgery; separation
abscission <> process of grafting
Sp. abscisión
abdicate
v. renounce, give up, giving up control authority
recant : belief :: abdicate : throne :: resign : office
abdicate <> constitute/assume/usurp
Sp. abdicar
acumen
n. mental keenness; sharpness of judgment
alacrity : prompt :: acumen : shrewd
acumen <> obtuseness
Sp. sagacidad
abstain
v. refrain, withhold from participation
mandatory : comply :: forbidden : abstain
Sp. abstenerse
siren
n. apparatus for making sounds; woman like creature
siren : irresitible :: juggernaut : unstoppable
siren : heard :: beacon : seen
siren : sound :: beacon : light
Sp. sirena
adulteration
v. making impure; poorer in quality
adult : child :: cat : kitten
embellish : austere :: adulterate : pure :: bolster[brace] : weak
stickler : approximation :: purist : adulteration demand : satisfied :: dismantle : united :: adulterate : pristine
adulterate : purity :: enervate : vigor
Sp. adulteración
amulet
n. charm; talisman
amulet : evil :: helmet : injury
Sp. amuleto
adapt
v. alter; modify
adapt <> remain unchanged
adaptable <> unchangeable
Sp. adaptar
affected
adj. artificial; pretended; assumed in order to impress
posturer : unaffected :: bigot : tolerant
disaffected : contentment :: dubious : commitment[conviction]
officious : meddle :: disaffected : rebel
disaffected <> content/contented
affected <> natural
Sp. afectado
agape
adj. openmouthed
Sp. ágape
ablution
n. washings
Sp. ablución
affirmation
n. positive assertion, solemn pledge, confirmation
Sp. afirmación
affinity
n. kinship, similarity
affinity <> antipathy/aversion/hideousness
affinity <> repugnance
Sp. afinidad
acoustics
n. science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear
Sp. acústica
aggregate
v. gather; accumulate
coalesce <> disaggregate
disaggregate/disintegrate <> join together
aggregate <> isolated units/ disperse
Sp. agregado
aloof
adj. apart, reserved
politic : offend :: aloof : associate
aloof <> having affinity
gregarious <> aloof
Sp. distante
abeyance
n. suspended action
abeyance <> continuance
Sp. estar suspendido
abut
v. border on
contiguous : abut :: simultaneous : coincide
Sp. lindar
agglomeration
n. collection; heap
Sp. aglomeración
representational
n. (of a style or art) showing things as they actually appear in real life
Sp. representaciónal
aloft
adv. upward, high up in the sky
founder <> stay aloft
groundedly <> aloft
Sp. en el aire
ancillary
adj. serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary
ancillary <> paramount
Sp. ancilar
abysmal
adj. bottomelss extreme
Sp. pésimo
alienate
v. make hostle, separate
Sp. alienar
accelerate
v. move faster
Sp. acelerar
alloy (v.)
v. mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
alloy : purity :: thin : density
Sp. combinar
actuary
n. an officer, as of an insurance company, who calculates and states the risks and premiums.
Sp. escribano
acquittal
n. discharge from accusation by judicial action.
Sp. absolver
amorphous
adj. formless; lacking shape or definition
amorphous : shape :: errant : course
amorphousness : definition :: lassitude : energy
amorphous : shape :: equivocal : meaning
Sp. amorfo
abject
adj. wretched; lacking pride,
servile, spiritless : cast down in spirit
abject <> exultant/spirited/exciting
Sp. abyecto
amplify
v. broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger
mute <> amplify
Sp. amplificar
acerbity
n. bitterness of speech and temper
Sp. acerbidad
amorous
adj. moved by sexual love; loving
Sp. amoroso
abscond
v. to go away suddenly, (to avoid arrest); depart secretly and hide
abscond : depart[leave] :: pilfer[sneak,steal] : take :: eavesdrop : listen
:: shadow : follow :: secrete : store :: lurk : wait :: purloin : appropriate
Sp. fugarse
affluence
n. abundance; wealth
Sp. prosperidad
adept
adj. expert at; thoroughly proficient
complaisance : intractable :: adeptness : maladroit
adept <> bungling
Sp. experto
merit
n. good quality deserving praise; merits; aspect of character of behavior deserving approval or disapproval
Sp. mérito
biting
adj. sharply painful to the body of mind
Sp. cortante
earn
v. gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve
Sp. ganar
accomplice
n. partner in crime
Sp. cómplice
abraded
adj. rubbed off, worn away, by friction
Sp. desgastar
alcove
n. nook; recess, especially in the wall of a room
Sp. hueco
abhor
v. to hate or destest
abhorrence : dislike :: adoration : fondness
abhor <> greatly admire
Sp. detestar
agog
adj. highly excited; intensley curious
Sp. curiosidad
alacrity
n. cheerful promptness; eagerness
husbandry : dissipate :: alacrity : procrastinate(#)
alacrity : prompt :: acumen : shrewd
alacrity : apathetic :: temerity : timid
alacrity <> dilatoriness/hesitancy/sluggishness recalcitrance
Sp. diligencia
absolve
v.to pardon or overlook voluntarily; especially : to treat as if trivial, harmless, or of no importance
condone <> denounce/exact
absolve/exculpate <> inculpate/indict/incriminate
Sp. absolver
actuate
v. motivate; activate; cause to act
Sp. actuar
acquiesce
v. assent; agree passively
Sp. consentir
abrogate
v. repeal or annul by authority
abrogate/forsake/impugn/prostrate <> uphold
abrogate <> embrace/institute
Sp. abrogue
acerbic
adj. bitter our sour in nature, sharp and cutting
acerbic <> sweet
acerbity <> saccharine
Sp. acerbidad
abstemious
adj. sparing in eating or drinking; temperate
reticent : talk :: abstemious : indulge[gorge] :: austere : decorate
:: intransigent : control
abstinent <> indulging/intemperate/gluttonous
reticent : talk :: abstemious : indulge[gorge] :: austere : decorate
:: intransigent : control
abstinent <> indulging/intemperate/gluttonous
Sp. abstemio
affliation
n. joining; association with
affiliation <> dissociation
Sp. afiliación
adage
n. wise saying, proverb
Sp. proverbio
acidulous
adj. slightly sour; sharp, caustic
Sp. acidulado
abstract
adj. theoretical, not concrete; nonrepresentational
abstract <> elaborate
abstraction <> attention abstraction : absent-mindedness, inattention, pensiveness, remoteness
Sp. abstracto
aesthetic
adj. artistic, dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful
aesthetics : beauty :: epistemology : knowledge
gourmet : food :: aesthetic : art
philistine <> aesthete
Sp. estético
agenda
n. items of business at a meeting
curriculum : class :: menu : dish
program : concert :: repertoire : performance :: manifest : cargo
:: itinerary : travel :: curriculum : course :: agenda : meeting
minute : agenda :: log : itinerary
Sp. orden del día, agenda
anchor
v. secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place
Sp. ancla
alias
n. an assumed name
Sp. alias
aghast
adj. horrified; dumbfounded
Sp. aterrado
bitter
adj. having a sharp bitting taste
Sp. amargo
affliction
n. state of distress; cause of suffering
Sp. aflicción
addiction
n. compulsive, habitual need.
Sp. adicción
agnostic
n. one who is skeptical of the existence of a god or any ultimate reality
Sp. agnóstico
accede
v. agree
accede <> oppose/demur
Sp. acceder
demerit
n. fault; bad quality
Sp. demérito
anecdote
n. short account of an amusing or interesting event
anecdote : amusement :: lecture : instruction
anecdote : story :: skit : play
skit : play :: anecdote : narrative
Sp. anécdota
analogy
n. similarity; parallelism
disparate <> analogous
Sp. analogía
alimony
n. payments made to an ex-spouse after divorce
Sp. alimenticia
anathema
n. solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
anathema <> panegyric/blessing
Sp. anatema
adamant
adj. hard; inflexible
adamant : flexibility :: refractory : control
impossible : execute :: adamant : move
adamant : yield :: cautious : gamble
adamant <> vacillatory/moved
Sp. fireme
angular
adj. sharp-cornered; stiff in manner
Sp. angular
affix
v. attach or add on; fasten; notice
Sp. fijar
anarchy
n. absence of governing body; state of disorder
Sp. anarquía
abacus
n. a frame with balls for counting
abacus : calculate :: balance : weigh :: sextant : navigate
abacus : calculated :: balance : weighed
Sp. ábaco
hardihood
n. boldness; daring; foolish daring
animosity
n. active enmity
Sp. animosidad
animus
n. enmity, hostility, animosity; hostile feeling or intent
ambience
(ambiance)
n. special atmosphere or mood created by a particular environment
amicable
adj. peaceable
: characterized by friendly goodwill
amicable : malign :: negligible : elevated(#)
inimical <> friendly/amiable/amicable
Sp. amigable
advocate
v. urge; plead for
exponent : advocate :: pollster : canvass
Sp. abogado
expunge
v. erase, remove
Sp. eliminar
quibble
to evade the point of an argument by caviling about words
: to find fault or criticize for petty reasons
encomiast : eulogize :: quibble : cavil
nitpicker : criticize :: quibbler : cavil
quibble : failing :: rift : breach(<<)
foible : fault :: quibble : objection
Sp. sutileza
genitive
n. indicating source, origin, possession, or the like.
Sp. genitivo
advocacy
n. support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
Sp. abogacía
nay
adv. or rather; and even; and more than that
endowment
n. award, bless, bestowal, allocation
Sp. donación
amenities
n. convenient features; courtesies
Sp. amenidades
abate
v. moderate, subdue, alleviate, palliate, assuage, mitigate, allay, mollify
: to reduce in degree, amount or intensity
abate : degree :: discount : price
abate : force[intensity,tax] :: fade : loudness
:: decelerate : speed :: shrink : size :: attenuate : thickness
:: taper : width :: alleviate : distress
thin : density[intensity] :: abate : length
abate <> augment/ intensify/ promote/ increase in intensity
Sp. disminuir
anguish
n. acute pain; extreme suffering
Sp. angustia
aggrandize
v. increae or intensify; raise in power, wealth, rank or honor
aggrandize <> disparage/relegate
effacing <> aggrandizing
Sp. agrandar
anarchist
n. person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anarchist : government :: abolitionist : slavery
anarchist : rebel :: apologist : defend
anarchy <> order
Sp. anarquista
affable
adj. easily approachable; warmly friendly
affable <> irascible/testy/grouchy
affability <> surliness
surly:bad-tempered and rude
Sp. afable
aclivity
n. the sharp upslope of a hill
Sp. cuesta
abstruse
adj. recondite, arcane, cryptic, occult, esoteric, runic
: difficult to comprehend, obscure, profound
abstruse : comprehension :: indiscernible : vision
abstruse <> accessible/patent/manifest
Sp. abstruso
allude
v. refer indirectly, refer, intimate, insinuate, implicate, imply
: to make indirect reference
intimate : communicate :: allude : refer
allude <> mention explicitly
Sp. aludir
abridge
v. condense, curtail, truncate, retrench
: to shorten by omission of words without sacrifice of sense
abbreviate : sentence :: abridge : essay
abbreviation : word :: abridgment : article
abridge : length :: attenuate : thickness :: abase : prestige
abridge <> extend in length/ amplify/ protract
Sp. compendiar
adjuration
n. solemn urging
Sp. impulso
accost
v. approach and speak first ot a person; to approach and speak to often in a challenging or aggressive way
hail, propostion
accost : approach :: importune : quest[request](>>)
Sp. abordar
aboriginal
adj. being the first of its kind in a region, primitive, native
Sp. aborigen
ample
adj. abundant, aplitutde
Sp. amplio
acetic
adj. vinegary; pertaining to vinegar
Sp. acético
addendum
n. addition; appendix to a book
addendum : document :: postscript : letter
Sp. añadido
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrafice
Sp. abnegación
anthropoid
adj. manlike, resembling human
Sp. antropoide
anthropologist
n. student of the history and science of humankind
Sp. antropólogo
ambidextrous
adj. capable of using either hand with ease
Sp. ambidextro
altercation
n. noisy quarrel; heated dispute
Sp. altercado
abet
v. assist, usually in doing wrong
abet : assistance :: counsel : guidance
abet : encouragement :: elucidate : clarity
abet <> thwart/impede/stymie/frustrate/obstruct/forestall/stonewall
Sp. ayudar
adherent
n. supporter, follower
adherent <> dissenter {forerunner}답아님
Sp. adherente
adhere
v. stick fast, adhesion
Sp. adherirse
alluvial
adj. pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
Sp. de aluvión
acclimate
v. to adapt to a new temperature, altitude, climate, environment, or situation
acclimate <> make unfamiliar with
Sp. aclimatar
alliteration
n. repetition of beginning sound in poetry
Sp. aliteración
abash
v. disconcert
: to destroy the self-possession or self-confidence of
unabashed : embarrassment :: unheralded : announcement(#)
embolden <> abash/faze/cow
Sp. desconcertar
address
v. direct a speech to; deal with or discuss
Sp. dirigirse
allegory
n. the expression by means of symbolic fictional figures and actions of truths or generalizations about human existence
allegory : fiction :: ??
allergy : reaction :: lancet : instrument
Sp. alegoría
agrarian
adj. pertaining to land or its cultivation
agrarian : farming :: mercantile : trade
Sp. agrario
amphitheater
n. oval building with tiers of seats
Sp. anfiteatro
agility
n. nimbleness, ability to move quickly
Sp. agilidad
aggressor
n. attacker
Sp. agresor(a)
abrasive
adj. rubbing away; tending to grind
Sp. abrasivo
abjure
v. renounce upon oath; disavow, promise to swear or give up
Sp. renunciar
abbreviate
v. to make briefer; especially : to reduce to a shorter form intended to stand for the whole
abbreviate : sentence :: abridge : essay
abbreviation : sentence :: abridgment : essay :: synopsis : narrative
abbreviation : word :: abridgment[synopsis] : article
abbreviate : length :: attenuate : thickness
abridge : word :: abbreviate : letter
abbreviate <> extend
Sp. abreviar
appreciate
v. to be thankful for; increase in worth; be thorougly conscious of
Sp. apreciar
apprehend
v. arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive
Sp. aprehender
apprehensive
adj. fearful; discering
Sp. aprensivo
apprise
v. inform
Sp. informar
approbation
n. commendation, praise
praise : approbation :: demur : objection
censure : blameless :: approbation : reprehensible
endorse : approbation :: ??
execration <> approbation
Sp. aprobación
appropriate (v)
v. : to take or make use of without authority or right
lurk : wait :: purloin : appropriate
lurk : wait :: abscond : depart
smuggler : import :: embezzler : appropriate
appropriate <> surrender/demise
Sp. apropiado
appropriate (adj.)
adj. fitting
meet <> inappropriate/unsuitable
apt <> extremely inappropriate
measured <> inappropriate???????????
Sp. apropiado
appurtenances
n. subordinate possessions; someting added to a more important thing
apropos (adj.)
adj. to the point and timely; pertinent, timely, opportune, convienient
apropos <> irrelevant
Sp. pertinente
apropos (prep.)
prep. with reference to; regarding
Apropos the waltz, the dance has its faults.
aptitude
n. fitness; talent
Sp. aptitud
aquiline
adj. curved, hooked
Sp. aquilino
arabesque
n. style of decoration involving intertwined plants and abstract curves; ballet positionwith one leg supporting the weight of the body, while the other leg is extended back
Sp. arabesco
arable
adj. fit for growing crops
Sp. cultivable
arbiter
n. person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge
Sp. árbitro
arboreal
adj. of or living in trees
arboreal : trees :: sidereal : stars
arbor : shelter :: hedgerow : fence
arch-
chief; first;
artery
n. blood-vessel
Sp. arteria
arbitary
adj. unreasonalbe or capricious; tyrannical
Sp. arbitrario
arbitrate
v. act as judge
Sp. arbitrar
arboretum
n. place where different varieties of trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
arboretum : trees :: aviary : birds
arboretum : wilderness :: ??
finch : bird :: arboretum : tree?????????????????
arcade
n. a coverd passageway; usually linded with shops
Sp. arcada
arcane
adj. esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
arcane <> well-known
archaeology
n. study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
Sp. arqueología
archaic
adj. antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past;
evanescent : permanency :: archaic : currency
meteoric : constancy :: archaic : currency
archaic <> current
Sp. arcaico
archetype
n. prototype; primitive pattern
harbinger : presage :: archetype : exemplify(=)
Sp. arquetipo
abandon
n. a complete surrender of inhibitions
abandon : inhibition :: despair : hope :: tranquility : agitation
:: volubility : terseness(#)
Sp. abandonar
archipelago
n. group of closely located islands
galaxy : planet :: archipelago : islands
grove : trees :: archipelago : islands
oasis : desert :: archipelago : ocean
range : mountain :: chain : link
{archipelago : islands}는 답아님!
Sp. archipiélago
archives
n. public records; place where public records are kept
Sp. archivo
ardor
n. heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
assuage : sorrow :: dampen : ardor
alleviate : strength :: dampen : ardor
torpor <> ardor
Sp. ardor
arduous
adj. hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
arduous <> facile
Sp. arduo
argot
n. slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
argot <> standard language/common verbalism
aria
n. operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
Sp. aira
arid
n. (of land) dry; barren; unproductive
marsh : sodden :: desert : arid
arid <> damp
Sp. árido
aristocracy
adj. hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
Sp. aristocracia
armada
n. fleet of warships
Sp. armada
aromatic
adj. fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
Sp. aromático(a)
arraign
v. charge in court; indict
Sp. acusar
array
v. marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
Sp. formar
arrears
n. being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
Sp. atrasos
arrhythmic
adj. lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
arrhythmic <> regular
arrhythmic <> exhibiting regularity
Sp. arrítmico
arrogance
n. pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of
respect for other people)
mean : prodigality :: meek : arrogance(#)
confidence : arrogant :: inquiry : interrogatory(<<)
intentional : accidental : arrogant : humble(#)
arrogance : defer :: lassitude : stir
frugal : miserly :: confident : arrogant(<<)
Sp. arrogancia
arroyo
n. gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
grotto : cavern :: arroyo : channel
artery
n. blood-vessel; CF vein
Sp. arteria
articulate
adj. effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; v. express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
ratiocination : thinking :: articulation : talking
articulate : clearly :: shout : loudly
Sp. articulado, articular
arsenal
n. storage place for military equipment
archive : manuscript :: arsenal : weapon
Sp. arsenal
artifacts
n. object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
archive : records :: museum : artifacts
Sp. artefacto
artifice
n. deception; trickery
artifice <> candor
Sp. artificio
artisan
n. a manually skilled worker; craftsman
artisan : potter :: entertainer : comedian
Sp. artesano
artless
adj. without guile; open and honest
blemish : impeccable :: guile : artless(#)
artlessness : guile :: dabbler : dedication
artless <> cunning
artlessness <> duplicity/guile
sly <> artless
artless <> disingenuous
artlessness <> urbanity
affectation <> artlessness
artlessness <> sophistication
Sp. natural
ascendancy
n. controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
Sp. ascendiente
ascertain
v. find out for certain; make certain
Sp. determinar
ascetic
adj./v. practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
ascetic : self-denial :: glutton : overindulgence
ascetic : self-denial :: busybody : intrusiveness
ascetic : self-denial :: bodybuilding : self-development
sybarite/sumptuous <> ascetic
voluptuary <> ascetic
indulgent <> ascetic
hedonism <> ascetic
ascetic <> hedonist
Sp. ascético
ascribe
v. refer; attribute; assign
Sp. atribuir
aseptic
adj. preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
aseptic : disinfections :: anesthetic : numbs
Sp. aséptico
ashen
adj. ash-colored; deadly pale
Sp. ceniciento
asinine
adj. stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
Sp. burro
askance
adj. with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
Sp. de reojo, de soslayos
askew
adj. crookedly; slanted; at an angle
aligned <> askew
{curve}는 답아님!
Sp. oblicuamente
asperity
n. sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
asperity : optimistic :: ??
asperity <> mildness of temper/amicability/mildness
asperity <> soothingness
Sp. aspereza
aspersion
n. slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
aspersion <> flattery
Sp. aspersión
aspirant
n. seeker after position or status
Sp. aspirante
aspire
v. seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
Sp. aspirar
assail
v. assault
Sp. asaltar
assay
n analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
Sp. ensayar
assent
v. agree; accept; N. assessment
Sp. asentimiento
assert
v. state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
calumny : assertion :: perjury : testimony(#)
assert : belabor :: tend : fuss(<<)
Sp. afirme
assidous
adj. diligent
assimilate
v. absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the way of behaving or thinking)
Sp. asimilar
assuage
v. make less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
assuage : sorrow :: dampen : ardor
assuage <> intensify/inflame
assuage <> exacerbate
assuage <> vex
gall <> calm/assuage
Sp. aliviar
assumption
n. something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
Sp. asunción
regent
n. a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
Sp. regente
assurance
n. firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in front of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
Sp. convicción
asteroid
n. small planet
Sp. asteroide
astigmatism
n. eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
Sp. astigmatismo
astral
n. relating to the stars
Sp. astral
abnegate
v. surrender, relinquish; to give up (rights or a claim, for example)
abnegate <> reaffirm
Sp. abnegado
astringent
adj./n. binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
astringent : pucker :: coagulant : congeal
Sp. astringente
astronomical
adj. enormously large or extensive
Sp. astronómico
astute
adj. wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
fatuous <> astute
Sp. astuto
asunder
n. into parts; apart; V. sunder
asunder <> yoking
Sp. separadamente
asylum
n. place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
refugee : asylum :: ??
Sp. asilo
asymmetric
adj. not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
Sp. asimétrico
atavism
n. resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
atheistic
adj. denying the existence of God; N. atheism
Sp. ateo
atone
v. make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
guilt : expiation/atonement :: fatigue : repose
Sp. expiar
atrocity
n. brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
Sp. atrocidad
atrophy
adj. wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
Sp. atrofia
attentive
adj. alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
Sp. atento
attenuate
v. make thin; weaken
attenuate : force :: decelerate : speed
attenuate : force :: alleviate : power
attenuate : thickness :: cool : temperature
attenuate : thickness :: enervate : vitality
attenuate : thickness :: debilitate : strength
collapse : volume :: attenuate : thickness
debase : value :: attenuate : force
attenuation : force :: retrenchment : money
attenuate : thickness :: weaken : potence
attenuate <> intensify
Sp. atenuar
attest
v. testify; bear witness
Sp. atestar
attribute
n. impute, ascribe, accuse; essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
Sp. atribuir
attrition
n. rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
Sp. desgaste
atypical
adj. not normal; not typical
Sp. atípico
audacious
adj. daring; bold; N. audacity
audacious : trepidation :: laconic : aspiration
audacious : trepidation :: laconic : volubility
audacious : cautious :: ??
audacious : caution :: inedible : food
circumspect <> audacious/reckless/direct encounter
audacious <> timid
audacious <> circumspect
{meticulous}는 답아님!
Sp. audaz
audit
n./v. examination of accounts of a business; official examination;
Sp. verificar una cuenta
augment
v. to make (something already developed or well under way) greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
augment <> retrench
augment <> abate
Sp. aumentar
augury
n. omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
august
adj. impressive; majestic
Sp. augusto
aureole
n. sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
auroral
n. pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
auspicious
adj. favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
auspicious <> boding ill/ominous/unfavorable/ill-omened
inauspicious <> favorable
Sp. próspero
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
abstemious : indulge :: austere : decorate(#)
embellish : austere :: adulterate : pure(#)
laconic : speech :: austere : design
baroque <> austere
lavish <> austere
Sp. austero
authenticate
v. prove genuine
Sp. autentificar
authoritarian
adj. subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
Sp. autoritario
authoritative
adj. having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
Sp. con autoridad
autocratic
adj. having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
Sp. autocrático
automaton
n. mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
Sp. autómata
autonomous
adj. self-governing; N. autonomy
Sp. autónomo
autopsy
n. examination of a dead body; postmortem;
Sp. autopsia
auxiliary
n. offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
Sp. auxiliar
avalanche
n. great mass of falling snow and ice
Sp. avalancha
avarice
n. greediness for wealth; excessive or insatiable desire for wealth or gain
avarice : money :: gluttony : food
stoic : perturb :: avaricious : satisfy
avarice <> generosity
contented <> avaricious
Sp. avaricia
avenge
v. take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
Sp. vengúese
aver
v. state confidently; declare as true
aver <> deny
gainsay <> aver
averse
adj. reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
Sp. contrario
aversion
n. firm dislike; a feeling of repugnance toward something with a desire to avoid or turn from it
aversion : disinclination :: adulation : admiration
aversion : inclination :: ??
affinity/penchant/propensity/proclivity/craving <> aversion
aversion <> court/appetite
averse <> inclined
Sp. aversión
avert
v. prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight
Sp. evite
aviary
n. enclosure for birds; large cage
arboretum : trees :: aviary : birds
Sp. pajarera
avid
adj. greedy; extremely eager for; : characterized by enthusiasm and vigorous pursuit
: desirous to the point of greed
Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
Sp. ávido
avocation
n. secondary or minor occupation
Sp. avocation
avow
v. declare openly; N. avowal
Sp. confesar
avuncular
adj. 1. of or having to do with an uncle.2. Regarded as characteristic of an uncle, especially in benevolence or tolerance.
awe
n. solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
redoubtable : regard[awe] :: despicable : scorn[contempt,disregard]
awe <> irreverence
Sp. sobrecogimiento
awful
adj. terrible; very bad
Sp. pésimo
awl
n. pointed tool used for piercing
awl : pierce :: pestle : hash
Sp. lezna
awry
adj. distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
awry <> aligned
awry <> orderly/planned
Sp. torcido; salir mal
abase
v. degrade
: to lower in rank, office, prestige, or esteem
abase : stature :: lower : height
abase : prestige :: damp : ardor
curtail : duration :: abase : strength
abase : status :: shorten : length
abase <> extol
Sp. humillar
azure
n. sky blue
Sp. azur
abiding
adj. enduring, continuing
: lasting for a long time
abiding <> evanescent/ephemeral/transient
miscreant <> law-abiding individual
Sp. duradero
abolitionism
n. principles or measures fostering abolition especially of slavery
anarchist : government :: abolitionist : slavery
abolition <> persistence in slavery
Sp. abolición
aboveboard
adj. in a straightforward manner
surreptitious <> barefaced/aboveboard
chicanery <> aboveboard action
Sp. abiertamente
abrasion
n. a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
abraded : friction :: desiccated : dehydration :: vaporized : heat
scuff : abrasion :: heat : vaporization
lubricate : abrasion :: seal : leakage
abrade <> augment
Sp. abrasión
absolve
v. to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt
hortative : encourage :: exculpatory : absolve :: motivational : stir
absolve/exculpate <> inculpate/indict/incriminate
Sp. absolver
absorb
v. imbibe, drink, engulf
: to engage or engross wholly
absorb : sponge :: seal : caulk
Sp. absorber
abuse
n./v. revile
: to attack in words
declamation : grandiloquence :: diatribe : abuse :: burlesque : mockery
polemic : disputatious :: invective : abusive
Sp. abuso
abysmal
adj. having immense or fathomless extension downward, backward, or inward
: immeasurably great
: immeasurably low or wretched
stygian : dark :: abysmal : low
Sp. abismal
accelerate
v. to move faster : gain speed
: to hasten the progress or development of
expedite : process :: accelerate : pace
accelerate : speed :: prolong : duration
accelerate <> retard
Sp. acelerar
accentuate
v. 1. To stress or emphasize; intensify: “enacted sweeping land-reform plans that accentuated the already chaotic pattern of landholding” (James Fallows).
2. To pronounce with a stress or accent.
3. To mark with an accent.
accentuate/underline <> underplay
Sp. acentuar
accidental
adj. occurring unexpectedly or by chance
inventiveness : accidental :: effect : casual?????????
safeguard : accident :: hedge : loss
intentional : accidental :: arrogant : humble(#)
effect : cause consequence : result, outcome : effect.
Sp. accidental
accountability
n. an obligation or willingness to accept responsibility or to account for one's actions
Sp. responsabilidad
accrete
v. accumulate
: to grow or become attached by accretion
accrete : growth :: erode : destruction
accrete : grow :: inch : advance
accrete <> wear away
Sp. acreciente
achromatic
adj. possessing no hue ; being or involving black, gray, or white : neutral
achromatic : hue :: transitory : permanence
Sp. acromático
accumulate
v. amass
: to gather or pile up especially little by little
accumulation <> dissipation
Sp. acumular
accuse
v. blame
: to charge with a fault or offense
Sp. acusar
acquisition
n. the act of acquiring
divestiture <> acquisition
Sp. adquisición
acquit
v. to discharge completely
acquit <> convict
Sp. descargar
addicted
adj. to devote or surrender (oneself) to something habitually or obsessively
inured : tolerance :: addicted : dependency
Sp. adicto
ad-hoc
adv. & adj. for one particular (usu. exclusive) purpose (an ad hoc appointment)
adhesive
n. a substance, such as paste or cement, that provides or promotes adhesion.
adhesive : bind :: compass : orient
etch : corrosive :: glue : adhesive
Sp. adhesivo
adjourn
v. dissolve, recess
: to suspend a session indefinitely or to another time or place
convoke <> adjourn
Sp. prórroga
adjudicator
n. one that act as judge
Sp. juez
ad-lib
n. something spoken, composed, or performed without preparation
ad-lib : impromptu :: aside : divergent(=)
Sp. improvisar
admission
n. the act or process of admitting
lottery : raffle :: ticket : admission
Sp. admisión
aerial
adj. of relating to, or occuring in the air or atmosphere
aerial : air :: aquatic : water
Sp. antena
adore
v. to regard with loving admiration and devotion
abhorrence : dislike :: adoration : fondness(>>)
adulate : fawn :: woo : adore(=)
apprehension : terror :: affection : adoration(<<)
fascination : interest :: adoration : fondness(>>)
Sp. adorar
adulate
v. to flatter or admire excessively or slavishly
adulate : fawn :: woo : adore
aversion : disinclination :: : admiration(>>)
fulminate : criticize :: adulate : flatter(>>)
adulate <> scorn/excoriate/disparage
adulation <> obloquy/ disdain/ vituperatiounalloyed <> adulterated
adulteration <> purification
/ somber affection
Sp. adular
adumbrate
v. to suggest or disclose partially
revelation <> adumbration
advertence
n. the action or process of adverting
advertence <> inattention
advertent <> inattentive
Sp. advertir
advertise
v. to announce publicly especially by a printed notice or a broadcast
advertising : commercial :: publishing : journal
sp. anunciar
aerate
v. to supply (the blood) with oxygen by respiration
aerate : oxygen :: hydrate : water
aerate <> remove air from
Sp. airear
affection
n. fondness
: tender attachment
: feeling or emotion
apprehension : terror :: affection : adoration(<<)
obeisance : esteem :: swagger : bravado :: scowl[frown] : displeasure
:: kiss[caress,embrace] : affection :: hurl : disgust :: shrug : indifference
mercurial : mood :: fickle : affection
antipathy <> affection
adulation <> somber affection
Sp. cariño
afflict
v. torture, gruel, distress, wreak, inflict, tribulate
Sp. afligir
affluent
adj. having a generously sufficient and typically increasing supply of material possessions
affluent <> needy/indigent/impecunious
impecunious <> wealthy/prosperous/affluent
penury <> affluence
Sp. afluente
afire
adj./adv. one fire, literally of figuratively
Sp. ardiendo
aggravate
v. exacerbate; to make worse, more serious, or more severe ; intensify unpleasantly
succor <> aggravate
ameliorate/alleviate <> aggravate
console <> aggravate grief
allay <> increase the intensity of/ aggravate/ intensify
Sp. agravar
aggressive
adj. inclined to behave in a hostile fashion
aggressive <> even-meaning
Sp. agresivo
aggrieve
v. distress
: to give pain or trouble to
aggrieve <> gratify/comfort
agony
n. anguish, torture, tribulation, affliction, distress
: intense pain of mind or body
agonized : distress :: obsessed : concern(>>)
painful : agonizing :: important : paramount(<<)
Sp. agonía
airtight
adj. having no noticeable weakness, flaw, or loophole
airtight : loophole :: ??
foolproof : fail :: airtight : leak
Sp. hermético
alderman
n. elected municipal official serving ont he governing council of a city
Sp. concejal
albino
n. an organism exhibiting deficient pigmentation
albino : pigment :: prairie : tree
Sp. albino
alibi
n. an excuse usually intended to avert blame or punishment
alibi : exculpatory :: warning : admonitory
alibi : exculpate :: sophism : deceive
Sp. coartada
align
v. to bring into line or alignment
: to ally (oneself, for example) with one side of an argument or cause
aligned <> askew/ awry/ badly[improperly] adjusted/ warped
/ not affiliated
Sp. alinear
alliterate
v. to arrange or place so as to make alliteration
alliterate : remove :: blazon : efface(#)
Sp. alliterate
allowance
n. a share or portion allotted or granted
pittance : allowance :: rivulet : stream
Sp. mensualidad
alphabetical
adj. arranged in the order of the letters of the alphabet
dictionary : alphabetical :: annals : chronological
Sp. alfabético
altruism
n. unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others
altruist : selflessness :: connoisseur : expertise
altruism <> egocentrism
vulture <> altruist
vulture:a person who hopes to gain from the troubles or sufferings of other people
Sp. altruismo
ambiguous
adj. doubtful or uncertain especially from obscurity or indistinctness
ambiguous : clarity :: mendacious : truth
ambiguous : understand :: blatant : ignore
equivocation : ambiguous :: platitude : banal
equivocal : ambiguous :: oxymoron : incongruent
unequivocal : ambiguous :: spotless : blemish
Sp. ambiguo
ambrosial
adj. extremely pleasing to taste or smell in food
mellifluous : music :: ambrosial : food
mellifluous : sound :: savory : taste
amenity
n. something that conduces to comfort, convenience, or enjoyment
amenity : comfortable :: honorarium : grateful
amenable <> inimical
Sp. amenidad
amiss
adj/adv. imperfectly
: in a faulty way
Sp. errado
amplitude
n. fullness
amplitude <> meagerness
Sp. amplitud
anachronistic
adj. anachronistic : time :: discordant : sound
Sp. anacrónico
anaerobic
adj. living, active, occurring, or existing in the absence of free oxygen
anaerobic <> living in oxygen
anaerobic <> respiring
Sp. anaerobio
analysis
n. measure : dimension :: analyze : nature
synthesis <> analysis
Sp. análisis
ancestor
n.any (esp. remote) person from whom one is descended; prototype or foreunner
heirloom : ancestor :: bequest : testator
scion <> ancestor
Sp. antepasado
anemic
adj. lacking force, vitality, or spirit
anemic : hale :: ??
anemic <> hale
Sp. anémico
anhydrous
adj. free from water and especially water of crystallization
anhydrous <> wet
Sp. anhidro
animation
animation n. 활기참 : alive
lassitude <> vim/verve/animation
Sp. animación
annals
n. historical records
dictionary : alphabetical :: annals : chronological
Sp. anales
affection
n. fondness
: tender attachment
: feeling or emotion
apprehension : terror :: affection : adoration(<<)
obeisance : esteem :: swagger : bravado :: scowl[frown] : displeasure
:: kiss[caress,embrace] : affection :: hurl : disgust :: shrug : indifference
mercurial : mood :: fickle : affection
antipathy <> affection
adulation <> somber affection
Sp. cariño
afflict
v. torture, gruel, distress, wreak, inflict, tribulate
Sp. afligir
affluent
adj. having a generously sufficient and typically increasing supply of material possessions
affluent <> needy/indigent/impecunious
impecunious <> wealthy/prosperous/affluent
penury <> affluence
Sp. afluente
afire
adj./adv. one fire, literally of figuratively
Sp. ardiendo
aggravate
v. exacerbate; to make worse, more serious, or more severe ; intensify unpleasantly
succor <> aggravate
ameliorate/alleviate <> aggravate
console <> aggravate grief
allay <> increase the intensity of/ aggravate/ intensify
Sp. agravar
aggressive
adj. inclined to behave in a hostile fashion
aggressive <> even-meaning
Sp. agresivo
aggrieve
v. distress
: to give pain or trouble to
aggrieve <> gratify/comfort
agony
n. anguish, torture, tribulation, affliction, distress
: intense pain of mind or body
agonized : distress :: obsessed : concern(>>)
painful : agonizing :: important : paramount(<<)
Sp. agonía
airtight
adj. having no noticeable weakness, flaw, or loophole
airtight : loophole :: ??
foolproof : fail :: airtight : leak
Sp. hermético
alderman
n. elected municipal official serving ont he governing council of a city
Sp. concejal
albino
n. an organism exhibiting deficient pigmentation
albino : pigment :: prairie : tree
Sp. albino
alibi
n. an excuse usually intended to avert blame or punishment
alibi : exculpatory :: warning : admonitory
alibi : exculpate :: sophism : deceive
Sp. coartada
align
v. to bring into line or alignment
: to ally (oneself, for example) with one side of an argument or cause
aligned <> askew/ awry/ badly[improperly] adjusted/ warped
/ not affiliated
Sp. alinear
alliterate
v. to arrange or place so as to make alliteration
alliterate : remove :: blazon : efface(#)
Sp. alliterate
allowance
n. a share or portion allotted or granted
pittance : allowance :: rivulet : stream
Sp. mensualidad
annoy
v. vex, nag, nettle, irk, pester, irritate, plague, fret, grate, badger
: to disturb or irritate especially by repeated acts
testy : annoy :: tractable : control(a is easily bed)
annoying : gadfly :: rude : churl
patronizing : condescending :: peeved : annoyed(=)
testy : annoy :: hesitating : balk
Sp. molestar
anonymous
adj. not named or identified
anonymous : identify :: nonchalant : excite
Sp. anónimo
antagonize
v. to act in opposition to
: to incur or provoke the hostility of
cowardice : intimidate :: choler : antagonize
placate <> antagonize
synergic <> antagonistic
propitiate <> antagonize
mollify <> antagonize
Sp. enemistarse
antenna
n. 1. one oof a pair of feelers on the heads of insects, crustaceans, etc. 2. metal rod, wire, or ather structure by which broadcast signals are transmitted or received.
antennae : butterfly :: ??
Sp. antena
anterior
adj. coming before in time or development
anterior <> ensuing
Sp. anterior
antibiotic
n. substance (e.g., penicillin) that can inhibit or destroy suseptible microorganisms
antibiotic : infection :: coagulant : bleeding
Sp. antibiótico
anticipatory
adj. to give advance thought, discussion, or treatment to
retrospective <> anticipatory
Sp. de anticipación
antiseptic
n. opposing sepsis, putrefaction, or decay
oil : lubricate :: antiseptic : disinfect
sedative : pacify :: antiseptic : sterilize
Sp. antiséptico
anvil
n. a heavy usually steel-faced iron block on which metal is shaped
hammer : anvil :: pestle : mortar
Sp. yunque
apathy
n. impassiveness
: lack of feeling or emotion
ennui : enthusiastic :: fervor : apathetic(#)
Sp. apatía
apex
n. the highest or culminating point
Sp. ápice
apocrypha
n. writings or statements of dubious authenticity
apocryphal : authentic :: ??
apocryphal <> authentic
Sp. apocrypha
apologize
v. to make excuse for or regretful acknowledgment of a fault or offense
: to make a formal defense or justification in speech or writing
saboteur : disrupt :: apologist : defend
patron : support :: apologist : defend
apologize : regret :: gibe : derision
apologize : contrite :: compliment : impressed
Sp. disculparse
apophasis
n. allusion to something by denying that it will be mentioned, as in i will not bring up my opponent's questionable financial dealings.
apophasis : claim :: oxymoron : paradox
apophasis : claim :: caprice : deliberate(#)
Sp. apophasis
apoplectic
adj. of a kind to cause or apparently cause stroke ; greatly agitated
: extremely angry
apoplectic : angry :: emaciated : thin(>>)
apoplectic : calm :: callow : mature(#)
apoplectic <> calm
Sp. apoplético
apostasy
n. defection
: renunciation of a religious faith
: abandonment of a previous loyalty
apostasy : faith :: recantation : heresy
apostasy <> fidelity
Sp. apostasía
apostrophe
n. a mark ' used to indicate the omission of letters or figures, the possessive case, or the plural of letters or figures
Sp. apóstrofe
apostrophes : word :: ellipsis : sentence
parenthesis : explanation :: apostrophe : omission
※ ellipsis (―, …, ***) : omission
※ asterisk(*) : annotation
※ caret (^) : interpolation
apparel
vt/n. dress
gaudy : apparel :: grandiloquent : speak
tonsorial : hair :: sartorial : apparel
Sp. atavío
appeal
v. make an earnest or formal request; plead; be attractive or of interest; be pleasing;
LAW- apply to a higher court
remonstrator : dissuade :: applicant : appeal
Sp. apelación
appealing
adj. pleasing
noisome <> appealing
noisome:extremely unpleasant or offensive
Sp. suplicante
appetite
appetite n. 식욕/욕망
appetite : indulge :: ??
voracity <> lack of appetite
Sp. apetito
applause
n. approbation, esp. from an audience, etc., by clapping; emphatic approval
mirth : laughter :: approval : applause
mirth:happiness, fun and laughter
applaud <> disparage
applicant
n. person who applies for something
remonstrator : dissuade :: applicant : appeal
Sp. solicitante
appoint
v. assign a job or office to
appoint : official :: cast : actor
Sp. designar
appreciable
adj. capable of being perceived or measured
appreciable <> imperceptible
ponderable <> inappreciable
Sp. apreciable
apprehension
n. foreboding
apprehension : terror :: affection : adoration(<<)
apprehensive <> inaccessible/intrepid
Sp. aprehensión
apprentice
n. person learning a trade by being employed in it usu. at low wages; novice
Sp. aprendiz
apron
n. a shield (as of concrete or gravel) to protect against erosion (as of a waterway) by water
lamp : illuminate :: apron : protect
drop cloth : floor :: apron : clothing
Sp. delantal
approve
v. mirth : laughter :: approval : applause
substantiate <> disapprove
Sp. aprobar
approximate
adj. fairly correct; near to the actual
paraphrase : verbatim :: approximation : precise(#)
stickler : approximation[imprecision] :: purist : adulteration
Sp. aproximado
apt
adj. ready, likely
apt <> extremely inappropriate
apt <> unlikely
aptness <> unsuitability
Sp. acertado
aquatic
adj. growing or living in water; (of a sport) played in or on water
aerial : air :: aquatic : water
※ aboreal, sidereal
Sp. acuático
aqueduct
n. a conduit for water; one for carrying a large quantity of flowing water
aqueduct : water :: pipeline : gas
aqueduct : water :: vessel : blood
Sp. acueducto
aquifer
n. a water-bearing stratum of permeable rock, sand, or gravel
shaft : lode :: well : aquifer
Sp. acuífero
arachnid
n. any arthropod of a class comprising scorpions, spiders, etc.
spider : arachnid :: orange : fruit
Sp. arácnido
archaism
n. an archaic word, phrase, idiom, or other expression
archaism <> modern diction
architect
n. a person who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures
choreographer : movement :: architect : building
{sculptor : statue}는 답아님!
Sp. arquitecto
archive
n. a place in which public records or historical documents are preserved
archive : manuscript :: arsenal : weapon
archive : records :: museum : artifacts
book : library :: file : archive
{performance : theatre}는 답아님!
Sp. archivo
archness
n. (adj.) arch- self-consciously or affectedly playful or teasing
archness <> straightness
archness <> subordinate/obedience
arctic
adj. frigid
torrid <> arctic
Sp. ártico
armory
n. a place where arms and military equipment are stored
pantry : food :: armory : weapons
Sp. armería
arousal
n. stimulation : arousal :: pathogen : diseasing
Sp. excitar
arrest
v. to make inactive
arrest <> vitalize
Sp. arresto
arresting
adj. striking, impressive
blatant : arresting :: odious : disgusting
arresting <> banal
Sp. notable
ascendant
n. domination
: a state or position of dominant power or importance
ascendant <> having no influence/power
Sp. ascendente
ascent
n. rising, soaring, or climbing; acclivity
Sp. ascensión
aside
n. a straying from the theme
aside : digression :: overture : introduction
aside : digression :: summary : excerpt
ad-lib : impromptu :: aside : divergent
Sp. a un lado
aspect
n. exposure; a position facing a particular direction
transfigure : aspect :: transfer : location
{transfix : attention}는 답아님!
Sp. aspecto
aspiration
n. an earnest wish for that which is above one's present reach
audacious : trepidation :: laconic : aspiration?????????
audacious : trepidation :: laconic : volubility
aspirant : quarry :: hunter : prey
aspiracio/n
assertive
adj. aggressive; disposed to or characterized by bold or confident assertion
obsequious : servile :: belligerent : assertive(>>)
bumptious : assertive :: garish : colorful(>>)
unassertive <> brassy
Sp. asertivo
assess
v. to determine the importance, size, or value
assess : value :: plumb : depth
Sp. evaluar
asset
n. useful or valuable quality; person or thing possessing such a quality
asset <> liability
Sp. recurso
assiduous
adj. marked by careful unremitting attention or persistent application
rakish : restraint :: slothful : assiduity
assiduous <> indolent/desultory/slipshod/remiss
Sp. asiduo
assume
v. undertake, feign
: to take to or upon oneself
: to pretend to have or be
abdicate <> assume
assume <> refuse/reject
unassuming <> overbearing
usurp <> assume rightfully
Sp. asumir
attaché
n. a subordinate member of a diplomatic embassy.
Sp. agregado
astounding
adj. consternate, flabbergast, dumbfound, astonish, astound, amaze, startle
: filling with bewilderment or wonder
indelible : forget :: astounding : expect
astound : wonder :: appall : horror
Sp. asombroso
asymmetrical
adj. circular : asymmetrical :: protean : rigid
Sp. asimétrico
atrocious
adj. very bad or unpleasant; extremely savage or wicked; barbaric
atrocious : bad :: momentous : important(>>)
Sp. atroz
attentive
adj. expressing affectionate interest through close observation and gallant gestures
attentive : officious :: refined : snobbish(+:-)
attentive : meddlesome :: envious : jealous(+:-)
fawning : attentive :: garish : colorful(>>)
Sp. atento
attorney
n. a legal agent qualified to act for suitors and defendants in legal proceedings
attorney : disbar :: student : expel
attorney : defendant :: ??
Sp. abogado
audible
adj. loud enough to be heard;
audible : stentorian :: discernable : obvious[manifest](<<)
Sp. audible
augur
n./v. one held to foretell events by omens
intercessor : mediate :: augur : predict
pundit : opinion :: augur : prediction
augur : predict :: pundit : opine
worship : sacrifice :: prediction : augury
augury : appearance :: ??
maven : experience :: luminary : eminence
maven : experience :: augur : prediction
Sp. augur
authenticity
n. real, actual
: the quality or condition of being authentic, trustworthy, or genuine
authenticity : fraudulent :: sincerity : hypocritical(#)
discompose : pacific :: fabricate : authentic
genuine : authenticity :: entire : integrity
melodrama : subtlety :: chimera : authenticity
authentic <> bogus
spuriousness <> authenticity
semblance <> authentic article
Sp. autenticidad
authority
n. authoritative : acceptance :: conspicuous : attention
authoritativeness : pundits :: allegiance : partisans
authority : superiority :: heretic : unconformity
contumacious : authority
:: reactionary[hidebound,conservative] : change[innovation,novelty]
author : novel :: chef : banquet
recalcitrant[refractory] : authority :: reactionary : change
impostor : identity :: usurper : authorization
{barbarian : property}는 답아님!
Sp. autoridad
autocracy
n. government by a single person having unlimited power
pundit : learning :: autocracy : power
Sp. autocracia
autonomy
n. the condition or quality of being autonomous ; independence
autonomy <> dependence
Sp. autonomía
avulsion
n. a tearing away of a body part accidentally or surgically
avulsion <> suture
avulse <> link
Sp. avulsion
awash
predic.adj. flooded; filled, covered, or completely overrun as if by a flood
awash <> dry
Sp. inundado
awkward
adj. craven : admirable :: deft : awkward(#)
dexterous : awkward ::??
lithe <> awkward
svelte <> paunchy and awkward
deft <> awkward
Sp. torpe
awning
n. sheet of canvas or similar material stretched on a frame and used as a shelter from teh sun or rain.
awning : sun :: umbrella : rain
Sp. toldo
babble
v. chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone;
babble : sense :: parrot : originality
babble <> express succinctly
Sp. charla
bacchanal
n. wild and drunken revelry; noisy party with a lot of drinking
Sp. báquico
bacchanalian
adj. drunken
Bacchanalia
n. the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
Sp. Bacchanalia
badger
v. pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
badger : bother :: belabor : mention
badger <> mollify
Sp. tejón
audible
adj. loud enough to be heard;
audible : stentorian :: discernable : obvious[manifest](<<)
Sp. audible
augur
n./v. one held to foretell events by omens
intercessor : mediate :: augur : predict
pundit : opinion :: augur : prediction
augur : predict :: pundit : opine
worship : sacrifice :: prediction : augury
augury : appearance :: ??
maven : experience :: luminary : eminence
maven : experience :: augur : prediction
Sp. augur
authenticity
n. real, actual
: the quality or condition of being authentic, trustworthy, or genuine
authenticity : fraudulent :: sincerity : hypocritical(#)
discompose : pacific :: fabricate : authentic
genuine : authenticity :: entire : integrity
melodrama : subtlety :: chimera : authenticity
authentic <> bogus
spuriousness <> authenticity
semblance <> authentic article
Sp. autenticidad
authority
n. power or right to enforce obedience; delegated power; influence based on recognized knowledge or expertise
authoritative : acceptance :: conspicuous : attention
authoritativeness : pundits :: allegiance : partisans
authority : superiority :: heretic : unconformity
contumacious : authority
:: reactionary[hidebound,conservative] : change[innovation,novelty]
author : novel :: chef : banquet
recalcitrant[refractory] : authority :: reactionary : change
impostor : identity :: usurper : authorization
{barbarian : property}는 답아님!
Sp. autoridad
autocracy
n. government by a single person having unlimited power
pundit : learning :: autocracy : power
Sp. autocracia
autonomy
n. the condition or quality of being autonomous ; independence
autonomy <> dependence
Sp. autonomía
avulsion
n. a tearing away of a body part accidentally or surgically
avulsion <> suture
avulse <> link
Sp. avulsion
awash
adj. flooded; filled, covered, or completely overrun as if by a flood
awash <> dry
Sp. inundado
awkward
adj. difficult to use; clumsy or bungling; embarrassed, embarrassing
craven : admirable :: deft : awkward(#)
dexterous : awkward ::??
lithe <> awkward
svelte <> paunchy and awkward
deft <> awkward
Sp. torpe
awning
n. sheet of canvas or similar material stretched on a frame and used as a shelter from the sun or rain
awning : sun :: umbrella : rain
Sp. toldo
babble
v. chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone;
babble : sense :: parrot : originality
babble <> express succinctly
Sp. charla
bacchanal
n. wild and drunken revelry; noisy party with a lot of drinking
Sp. báquico
bacchanalian
adj. drunken
Bacchanalia
n. the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
Sp. Bacchanalia
badger
v. pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
badger : bother :: belabor : mention
badger <> mollify
Sp. tejón
badinage
n. teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
badinage <> serious conversation
Sp. badinage
baffel
v. frustrate; perplex
Sp. bafle
bait
v. harass; tease; torment; to persecute or exasperate with unjust, malicious, or peristent attacks Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
bait <> disarm
bait <> mollify
Sp. cebo
baleful
adj. evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
bale <> mirth/benefit
Sp. torvo
balk
v. stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
balk <> move ahead willingly
testy : annoy :: hesitating : balk
Sp. obstáculo
ballast
n. heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
truss : support :: ballast : stability
ballast : instability :: purchase : slippage
ballast : stability :: camouflage : indetection
ballast : stabilize :: disguise : camouflage
Sp. lastre
balm
n. something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
balm <> irritant
Sp. bálsamo
pang
n. sudden sharp feeling of pain
Sp. punzada
balmy
adj. soft and mild (of air); fragrant
inclement <> balmy
balmy <> piquant
Sp. balsámico
banal
banal hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\\'ed
bandy
v. discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
bane
n. posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
Sp. perdición
bantering
v. joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
Sp. el bromear
barb
n. sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
barb : caustic :: pan : harsh
Sp. lengüeta
bard
n. poet
Sp. vate
abdomen
n. In mammals, the visceral cavity between the diaphragm and the pelvic floor; the belly. Sp. abdomen
abdominal
n. Of, pertaining to, or situated on the abdomen. Sp. abdominal
abduction
n. A carrying away of a person against his will, or illegally. Sp. abducción
abed
adv. In bed; on a bed. Sp. en cama
abhorrence
n. The act of detesting extremely. Sp. Aborrecimiento
abhorrent
adj. Very repugnant; hateful. Sp. Detestable
abidance
n. An abiding. Sp.acatamiento
able-bodied
adj. Competent for physical service. Sp. Robusto
abnormal
adj. Not conformed to the ordinary rule or standard. Sp. anormal
abominable
adj. Very hateful. Sp. abominable
abomination
n. A very detestable act or practice. Sp. abominación
aborigines
n. The original of earliest known inhabitants of a country.
abrade
v. To wear away the surface or some part of by friction. Sp. desgastar
abridgment
n. A condensed form as of a book or play.
abrupt
adj. Beginning, ending, or changing suddenly or with a break. Sp. abrupto
abscess
n. A Collection of pus in a cavity formed within some tissue of the body. Sp. abceso
absence
n. The fact of not being present or available. Sp. ausencia
absent-minded
adj. Lacking in attention to immediate surroundings or business. Sp. distraído
absolution
n. Forgiveness, or passing over of offenses. Sp. absolución
absorb
v. To drink in or suck up, as a sponge absorbs water. Sp. absorber
absorption
n. The act or process of absorbing. Sp. Absorción
abstain
v. To keep oneself back (from doing or using something). Sp. Abstenga
absurd
adj. inconsistent with reason or common sense. Sp. Absurdo
abundant
adj. Plentiful. Sp. Abundante
abusive
adj. Employing harsh words or ill treatment. Sp.abusivo
academician
n. A member of an academy of literature, art, or science. Sp. Académico
academy
n. Any institution where the higher branches of learning are taught. Sp. academia
accept
v. To take when offered. Sp. aceptar
accompaniment
n. A subordinate part or parts, enriching or supporting the leading part. Sp. acompañamiento
accompanist
n. One who or that which accompanies. Sp. acompañante
accompany
v. To go with, or be associated with, as a companion. Sp. acompañar
accomplish
v. To bring to pass. Sp. lograr
accordion
n. A portable free-reed musical instrument. Sp. acordeón
account
n. A record or statement of receipts and expenditures, or of business transactions. Sp. calculo
accuracy
n. Exactness. Sp. exactitud
accurate
adj. Conforming exactly to truth or to a standard. Sp. preciso
accursed
adj. Doomed to evil, misery, or misfortune. Sp. maldito
accusation
n. A charge of crime, misdemeanor, or error. Sp. acusación
accusatory
adj. Of, pertaining to, or involving an accusation. Sp. acusatorio
accuse
v. To charge with wrong doing, misconduct, or error. Sp. acusar
accustom
v. To make familiar by use. Sp. acostumbrar
ache
v. To be in pain or distress. Sp. doler
Achillean
adj. Invulnerable.
achromatic
adj. Colorless,
acidify
v. To change into acid. Sp. acidificar
acknowledgment
n. Recognition.Sp. acuse de recibo
acquaint
v. To make familiar or conversant. Sp. enterar
acquire
v. To get as one's own. Sp. adquirir
acquisition
n. Anything gained, or made one's own, usually by effort or labor. Sp. adquisición
acquittance
n. Release or discharge from indebtedness, obligation, or responsibility.
acreage
n. Quantity or extent of land, especially of cultivated land. Sp. extensión en acres
barefaced
adj. shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
headlong : forethought :: barefaced : shame
barefaced <> surreptitious
Sp. descarado
unregenerate
adj. not regenerate; obstinately wrong bad; making no attempt to change one's bad practices
baroque
adj. highly ornate; characterized by grotesqueness, extravagance, complexity, or flamboyance in ornamentation
: irregularly shaped
baroque <> austere
Sp. barroco
barrage
n. barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
Sp. barrera
barrister
n. counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
Sp. abogado
solicitor
n. lawyer in the lower court of law
Sp. abogado
barterer
n. trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
Sp. trocar
bask
v. luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
bask <> abstain
Sp. caliente
luxuriate
v. take pleasure in great comfort; enjoy in a luxurious manner
Sp. deleitarse
bastion
n. stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
Sp. baluarte
bated
adj. very anxiously
Sp. con ansiedad
bauble
n. trivial, trifle, trinket, tawdry trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
Sp. chuchería
bawdy
adj. indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
Sp. obsceno
beatific
adj. giving or showing bliss; blissful
beatific <> dreadful
bliss
n. complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
beatitude, rapture, ecstasy felicity, euphoria
dislike : loathing :: pleasure : bliss(<<
Sp. beatitud
acetate
n. A salt of acetic acid. Sp. acetato
acrimony
n. Sharpness or bitterness of speech or temper. Sp. Acrimonia
actionable
adj. Affording cause for instituting an action, as trespass, slanderous words. Sp. Actionable
actuality
n. Any reality. Sp. realidad
adduce
v. To bring forward or name for consideration. Sp. aducir
adherence
n. Attachment. Sp. adhesión
adieu
inter. Good-by; farewell. Sp. adiós
adjacency
n. The state of being adjacent. Sp. Adyacencia
adjacent
n. That which is near or bordering upon. Sp. adyacente
adjudge
v. To award or bestow by formal decision. Sp. adjudicar
administrator
n. One who manages affairs of any kind. Sp. administrador
admissible
adj. Having the right or privilege of entry. Sp. admisible
admittance
n. Entrance, or the right or permission to enter. Sp. admisión
admonition
n. Gentle reproof. Sp. amonestación
ado
n. unnecessary activity or ceremony. Sp. Dificultad
adoration
n. Profound devotion. Sp. adoración
adumbrate
v. To represent beforehand in outline or by emblem. Sp. Adumbrate
advent
n. The coming or arrival, as of any important change, event, state, or personage. Sp. advenimiento
advertiser
n. One who advertises, especially in newspapers. Sp. anunciante
advisory
adj. Not mandatory. Sp. Consultivo
aeronaut
n. One who navigates the air, a balloonist. Sp. Aeronauta
aeronautics
n. the art or practice of flying aircraft. Sp. aeronáutica
aerostat
n. A balloon or other apparatus floating in or sustained by the air. Sp. Aeróstato
aerostatics
n. The branch of pneumatics that treats of the equilibrium, pressure, and mechanical properties.
affect
v. To act upon. Sp. afectar
affectation
n. A studied or ostentatious pretense or attempt. Sp. afectación
affiliate
v. attach or connect (a person or society) with a larger organization; (of an institution) adopt (persons as members, societies as branches, etc.).; associate oneself with a society
Sp. afiliado
affirmative
adj. Answering yes; to a question at issue. Sp. afirmativo
afoot
adv. In progress. Sp. a pie
aforesaid
adj. Said in a preceding part or before. Sp. antes mencionado
afresh
adv. Once more, after rest or interval. Sp. de nuevo
afterthought
n. A thought that comes later than its appropriate or expected time. Sp. ocurrencia tardía
aggravation
n. The fact of being made heavier or more heinous, as a crime , offense, misfortune, etc. Sp. agravamiento
aggregate
n. The entire number, sum, mass, or quantity of something. Sp. agregado
aggress
v. To make the first attack.
aggression
n. An unprovoked attack. Sp. agresión
agile
adj. Able to move or act quickly, physically, or mentally. Sp. ágil
agitate
v. To move or excite (the feelings or thoughts). Sp. agitar
aide-de-camp
n. An officer who receives and transmits the orders of the general.
ailment
n. Slight sickness. Sp. dolencia
airy
adj. Delicate, ethereal. Sp. airoso
akin
adj. Of similar nature or qualities. Sp. semejante
alabaster
n. A white or delicately tinted fine-grained gypsum. Sp. Alabastro
albeit
conj. Even though. Sp. aunque
album
n. A book whose leaves are so made to form paper frames for holding photographs or the like. Sp. álbum
alder
n. Any shrub or small tree of the genus Alumnus, of the oak family. Sp. aliso
alien
n. One who owes allegiance to a foreign government. Sp. extranjero
alienable
adj. Capable of being aliened or alienated, as lands. Sp. alienable
aliment
n. That which nourishes. Sp. alimento
alkali
n. Anything that will neutralize an acid, as lime, magnesia, etc. Sp. álcali
allege
v. To assert to be true, especially in a formal manner, as in court. Sp. alegar
alley
n. A narrow street, garden path, walk, or the like. Sp. callejón
alliance
n. Any combination or union for some common purpose.Sp. alianza
allot
v. To assign a definite thing or part to a certain person. Sp. repartir
allotment
n. Portion. Sp. reparto
allusion
n. An indirect and incidental reference to something without definite mention of it. Sp. alusión
alluvion
n. Flood. Sp. Inundación
almanac
n. A series of tables giving the days of the week together with certain astronomical information. Sp. almanaque
aloof
adv. Not in sympathy with or desiring to associate with others. Sp. apartado
altar
n. Any raised place or structure on which sacrifices may be offered or incense burned. Sp. altar
alter
v. To make change in. Sp. alterar
alternate
n. One chosen to act in place of another, in case of the absence or incapacity of that other. Sp. alternar
alternative
n. Something that may or must exist, be taken or chosen, or done instead of something else. Sp. alternativa
altitude
n. Vertical distance or elevation above any point or base-level, as the sea. Sp. altitud
alto
n. The lowest or deepest female voice or part. Sp. contralto
altruist
n. One who advocates or practices altruism. Sp. altruista
amalgam
n. An alloy or union of mercury with another metal.
Sp. amalgama
amateur
adj. Practicing an art or occupation for the love of it, but not as a profession. Sp. aficionado
amatory
adj. Designed to excite love. Sp. amatorio
ambitious
adj. Eagerly desirous and aspiring. Sp. ambicioso
ambulance
n. A vehicle fitted for conveying the sick and wounded. Sp. Ambulance
ambulate
v. To walk about
ambush
n. The act or state of lying concealed for the purpose of surprising or attacking the enemy. Sp. emboscada
Americanism
n. A peculiar sense in which an English word or phrase is used in the United States. Sp. americanismo
amicable
adj. Done in a friendly spirit. Sp. amigable
amity
n. Friendship. Sp. amistad
amour
n. A love-affair, especially one of an illicit nature. Sp. Amour
ampere
n. The practical unit of electric-current strength. Sp. amperio
ampersand
n. The character &; and. Sp. el signo &
amplitude
n. Largeness. Sp. amplitud
amply
adv. Sufficiently. Sp. ampliamente
amusement
n. Diversion. Sp. entretenimiento
anagram
n. The letters of a word or phrase so transposed as to make a different word or phrase. Sp. anagrama
analyst
n. One who analyzes or makes use of the analytical method. Sp. analista
analyze
v. To examine minutely or critically. Sp. analizar
anatomy
n. That branch of morphology which treats of the structure of organisms. Sp. anatomía
anemometer
n. An instrument for measuring the force or velocity of wind. Sp. anemómetro
anew
adv. Once more. Sp. nuevamente
angelic
adj. Saintly. Sp. angélical
Anglophobia
n. Hatred or dread of England or of what is English.
Anglo-Saxon
n. The entire English race wherever found, as in Europe, the United States or India. Sp. anglosajón
animadvert
v. To pass criticism or censure.
animalcule
n. An animal of microscopic smallness.
animate
v. To make alive. Sp. animar
annalist
n. Historian. Sp. analista
annex
v. add as a subordinate part; in corporate (territory of another) into one's own. N. separate or added building, esp. for extra accommodation; addition to a document
Sp. anexo
annihilate
v. To destroy absolutely. Sp. aniquilar
annual
adj. Occurring every year. Sp. anual
annunciation
n. Proclamation. Sp. Anuncio
anode
n. The point where or path by which a voltaic current enters an electrolyte or the like. Sp. ánodo
Antarctic
adj. Pertaining to the south pole or the regions near it. Sp. antártico
ante
v. In the game of poker, to put up a stake before the cards are dealt. Sp. apuesta
antecedent
n. One who or that which precedes or goes before, as in time, place, rank, order, or causality. Sp. antecedente
antechamber
n. A waiting room for those who seek audience. Sp. antecámara
antedate
v. To assign or affix a date to earlier than the actual one.
antemeridian
adj. Before noon. Sp. Antemeridiano
antemundane
adj. Pertaining to time before the world's creation.
antenatal
adj. Occurring or existing before birth. Sp. prenatal
anterior
adj. nearer the front; earlier; prior
Sp. anterior
anteroom
n. A room situated before and opening into another, usually larger. Sp. antesala
anthracite
n. Hard coal. Sp. antracita
anthropology
n. The science of man in general. Sp. antropología
Antichrist
n. Any opponent or enemy of Christ, whether a person or a power. Sp. Anticristo
anticyclone
n. An atmospheric condition of high central pressure, with currents flowing outward. Sp. Anticiclón
antilogy
n. Inconsistency or contradiction in terms or ideas.
antipathize
v. To show or feel a feeling of antagonism, aversion, or dislike.
antiphon
n. A response or alteration of responses, generally musical.
antiphony
n. An anthem or other composition sung responsively.
antipodes
n. A place or region on the opposite side of the earth.
antiquary
n. One who collects and examines old things, as coins, books, medals, weapons, etc. Sp. anticuario
antiquate
v. To make old or out of date.
antislavery
adj. Opposed to human slavery.
antispasmodic
adj. Tending to prevent or relieve non-inflammatory spasmodic affections. Sp. Antiespamódico
antistrophe
n. The inversion of terms in successive classes, as in “the home of joy” and “the joy of home”.
antitoxin
n. A substance which neutralizes the poisonous products of micro-organisms. Sp. antitoxina
antonym
n. A word directly opposed to another in meaning. Sp. antónimo
anxious
adj. Distressed in mind respecting some uncertain matter. Sp. ansioso
apathy
n. Insensibility to emotion or passionate feeling. Sp. apatía
aperture
n. Hole. Sp. abertura
apostle
n. Any messenger commissioned by or as by divine authority. Sp. apóstol
appellate
adj. Capable of being appealed to. Sp. de apelación
appertain
v. To belong, as by right, fitness, association, classification, possession, or natural relation. Sp. Relaciónese
apposition
n. The act of placing side by side, together, or in contact. Sp. aposición
apprehensible
adj. Capable of being conceived.
aqueous
adj. Of, pertaining to, or containing water. Sp. Acuoso
arbor
n. A tree. Sp. árbol
arborescent
adj. Having the nature of a tree.
arboriculture
n. The cultivation of trees or shrubs. Sp. arboricultura
archangel
n. An angel of high rank. Sp. arcángel
archbishop
n. The chief of the bishops of an ecclesiastical province in the Greek, Roman,and Anglican church. Sp. Arzobispo
archdeacon
n. A high official administrator of the affairs of a diocese.
archipelago
n. Any large body of water studded with islands, or the islands collectively themselves. Sp. archipiélago
apparent
adj. Easily understood. Sp. claro
ardent
adj. Burning with passion. Sp. ardiente
armful
n. As much as can be held in the arm or arms. Sp. brazada
aroma
n. An agreeable odor. Sp. aroma
arrange
v. To put in definite or proper order. Sp. acordar
arrangement
n. The act of putting in proper order, or the state of being put in order. Sp. arreglo
arrant
adj. Notoriously bad.
arrival
n. A coming to stopping-place or destination. Sp. llegada
arrogant
adj. Unduly or excessively proud, as of wealth, station, learning, etc. Sp. arrogante
arrogate
v. To take, demand, or claim, especially presumptuously or without reasons or grounds.
Artesian well
n. A very deep bored well. water rises due to underground pressure
artful
adj. Characterized by craft or cunning. Sp. ingenioso
Arthurian
adj. Pertaining to King Arthur, the real or legendary hero of British poetic story.
ascension
n. The act of rising. Sp. ascensión
asexual
adj. Having no distinct sexual organs. Sp. asexual
assailant
n. One who attacks. Sp. atacante
assassin
n. One who kills, or tries to kill, treacherously or secretly. Sp. asesino
assassinate
v. To kill, as by surprise or secret assault, especially the killing of some eminent person. Sp. asesinar
assassination
n. Murderer, as by secret assault or treachery. Sp. asesinato
assessor
n. An officer whose duty it is to assess taxes. Sp. perito
assets
n. pl. Property in general, regarded as applicable to the payment of debts. Sp. recurso
assignee
n. One who is appointed to act for another in the management of certain property and interests. Sp. Cesionario
assonance
n. Resemblance or correspondence in sound. Sp. asonancia
assonant
adj. Having resemblance of sound.
assonance
n. resemblance of sound (often of vowels) between two syllables in nearby words, e.g., saw, caught; cold, culled.
athirst
adj. Wanting water.
athwart
adv. From side to side. Sp. a través de
atomizer
n. An apparatus for reducing a liquid to a fine spray, as for disinfection, inhalation, etc. Sp. pulverizador
atonement
n. Amends, reparation, or expiation made from wrong or injury. Sp. expiación
attorney-general
n. The chief law-officer of a government.
auburn
adj. Reddish-brown, said usually of the hair. Sp. castaño rojizo
audition
n. The act or sensation of hearing. Sp. audición
auditory
adj. Of or pertaining to hearing or the organs or sense of hearing. Sp. auditorio
Augustinian
adj. Pertaining to St. Augustine, his doctrines, or the religious orders called after him.
aura
n. Pervasive psychic influence supposed to emanate from persons Sp. Aureola
auditivo
adj. Of or pertaining to the ear.
auricle
n. One of the two chambers of the heart which receives the blood from the veins. Sp. Aurícula
auricular
adj. Of or pertaining to the ear, its auricle, or the sense of hearing.
auriferous
adj. Containing gold.
aurora
n. A luminous phenomenon in the upper regions of the atmosphere. Sp. aurora
auspice
n. favoring, protecting, or propitious influence or guidance. Sp. auspicio
autarchy
n. Unrestricted power. Sp. Autarquía
authentic
adj. Of undisputed origin. Sp. auténtico
autobiography
n. The story of one's life written by himself. Sp. autobiografía
autocrat
n. Any one who claims or wields unrestricted or undisputed authority or influence.
autumnal
adj. Of or pertaining to autumn. Sp. otoñal
avidity
n. Greediness.
awaken
v. To arouse, as emotion, interest, or the like. Sp. Despierte
aye
adv. An expression of assent.
azalea
n. A flowering shrub.
beatitude
n. blessedness; state of great happiness
beatitude <> misery
mystic
n. of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
Sp. místico
bedizen
v. dress with vulgar finery; to ornament or dress in a showy or gaudy manner
finery
n. beautiful clothes for a special occasion; showy dress or decoration, ornaments, trappings, etc.
Sp. galas