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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Present:
Actions happening now, or started in the recent past and continuing. 'I am writing'- The point is that I am writing even as I speak.
-(i)yor-

geliyorum- I am coming
gidiyorum- I am going
(Note that the 'o' does not undergo vowel harmony.)
General (Aorist):
Things generally true, hence timeless. I am a writer. — Although I am not necessarily writing anything at this very moment.
-(i)r-

gelirim- I come
giderim- I go
Future:
Actions that will happen.
-(y)ecek-

gelecekim- I will come
gidecekim- I will go
Necessity:
Actions that must, or should be taken.
-meli-

gelmeliyim- I must come

gitmeliyim- I must go
Conditional:
If ...
With non-simple moods, expresses unfulfilled conditions, hopeless wishes of the past, etc.
-se-

gelsem- If I come

gitsem- If I go
Subjunctive:
No statement of fact, things that might happen or have happened. With non-simple moods, expresses unfulfillable past wishes, or quotes of those expressions.
-e-

geleyim- Let me come

gideyim- Let me go
Verb Mood: Past
-idi-

geliyordum- I was coming

gidiyordum- I was going
Verb Mood: Conditional
-ise-

gidiyorsam- If I am going

geliyorsam- If I am coming
General (Aorist):
Things generally true, hence timeless. I am a writer. — Although I am not necessarily writing anything at this very moment.
-(i)r-

gelirim- I come
giderim- I go
Reported Past:
A present state caused by past action, or things the speaker is reporting without having seen.
-miş-
Simple/Perfect Past:
Both the simple past (did) and the perfect past (have done).
-di-