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22 Cards in this Set

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ibandronate Na
Boniva
tabs, inj
osteoporosis - bisphosphonates
60min before first food/drink
must sit/stand for 60min after
longer than Fosamax
Raloxifene HCl
Evista
tabs
osteoporosis, breast cancer
sex hormone
BBW: increased risk of venous thromboembolism, stroke
do not be pregnant
Levothyroxine Na
Synthroid, Levoxyl, Levothroid
tabs, inj
for hypothyroidism
thyroid replacement
do not use for weight loss
Counseling: 30min - 1 hour before a meal
Thyroid, dessicated
Armour thyroid, Nature-throid, Westhroid
tabs
for adult hypothyroidism
thyroid hormone
take on empty stomach
60mg = 1 grain
Vitamin D, ergocalciferol
Drisdol
capsules
rickets, non-fda: vitamin D deficiency
narrow therapeutic index
folic acid
Folacin, pteroylglutamine acid, folate
tabs, inj
anemia
vitamin
contraindicated in pernicious anemia
Potassium Cl
K-dur, Klor-con, Micro-K
CR micro-crystalloids, tabs, caps
for Hypokalemia, prevention
electrolyte
!!!usually K intake 40-150mEq/day!!!
K-dur is good because it can be dissolved or broken, not the others!
What increases K levels?
sparing diuretics
potassium salt substitutes
Doxazosin Mesylate
Cardura
tabs, ER tabs
for hypertension (non ER) and benign prosthetic hyperplasia BPH
antihypertensive - alpha antagonist
Take ER in the morning, other at bedtime to avoid fainting
Terazosin HCl
Hytrin
caps
benign prosthetic hyperplasia BPH
antihypertensive - alpha antagonist
syncope - fainting is side effect
Tamsulosin HCl
Flomax
0.4mg caps
benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH
antihypertensive - alpha antagonist
take 30min after same meal daily
Tolterodine tartrate
Detrol, Detrol LA
tabs, caps
overactive bladder
anticholinergic
dry everything - drowsiness, dizziness, can overheat
Oxybutynin Cl
Ditropan also XL
tabs, ER, syrup
for overactive bladder
anticholinergic / renal and genitourinary
Dutasteride
Avodart
caps only
benign prostatic hyperplasia
prostate anti-inflam / DHT inhibitor
DHT causes prostate enlargement
5 alpha reductase inhibitor
Finasteride
Proscar
tabs
BPH
Sex hormone/ androgen hormone inhibitor; DHT inhibitor
also as propecia
Phenazopyridine HCl
Pyridium
tabs
symptomatic! relief of urinary tract inflam. - can turn urine orange/red
analgesic / urinary tract analgesic
Sildenafil Citrate
Viagra
tabs
for ED
phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor
Tadalafil
Cialis
tabs
acute/chronic ED tx
contraindicated with nitrates and alpha blockers
Vardenafil
Levitra
tabs
ED
No nitrates! grapefruit juice / max dose 1 tab per day
20% of people have headache
Methotrexate
??
antineoplastic chemotherapy. psoriasis, RA - 2nd 2 more community
antimetabolite
serious risk of toxicity
should not be dosed daily, only weekly!
Chlorhexidine Gluconate
Peridex, Periogard
oral rinse,
tx of gingivitis
can cause staining of oral surfaces
alter taste too
Varenicline Tartrate
Chantix
tab
smoking cessation
partial nicotine agonist
begin 1 week prior to quitting
d/c use if suicidal thoughts occur