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13 Cards in this Set

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the discovery
archaeologists found the remains of a great citadel that existed on the Western shore of Asia Minor (Troy)

b4 they thought the Trojan war was just legend

found about 100 years ago

led by Heinrich Schliemann
how the story spread
Homer's two epics, the Illiad and the Odyssey

elaborated by post-Homeric poets
the cause
Homer: just the rape of Helen

later: marriage of Peleus and Thetis
Peleus and Thetis
Eris threw an apple maked "for the fairest" into a crowd of gods

Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite wanted it

Paris chose Aphrodite for Helen....she became an ally while Hera and Athena grew to hate the Trojans
Menelaus
husband of Helen

brother of Agamemnon, the greatest Greek king

traveled with brother to rally kings to go attack troy
the Greek kings
Agamemnon was chosen commander-in-chief; next to him the most prominent Greek heroes are his brother Menelaus, Achilles and Patroclus, two unrelated men named Ajax, Teucer, Nestor and his son Antilochus, Odysseus, Diomedes, Idomeneus, and Philoctetes, who, however, at the very outset of the expedition had to be left behind, and does not appear on the scene of action until just before the fall of Troy
the set out
100,000 men and 1,186 ships

assembled at the harbor of Aulis
Calchas
he is the seer of the host

while making sacrifices before setting out at the harbor of Aulis a snake darted out from under the altar, ascended a tree, devoured a brood of eight young sparrows and the mother-bird, and finally was turned into stone

he interpreted this to mean that the war would last 9 years and end in the 10th with the fall of Troy
Agamemnon's oracle
Agamemnon had already received an oracle from Delphi that Troy would fall when the best of the Greeks quarreled
in homer they go direcly to Troy, but in later versions they...
the Greeks at first land by mistake in Mysia, in the country of Telephus

they are dispersed by a storm and driven back to Greece, and then assemble afresh at Aulis

Once there, they learn that divine disfavor is preventing them from the crossing to Troy until Agamemnon agrees to sacrifice his own daughter Iphigenia to appease the angry gods
once in troy...
Odysseus and Menelaus proceed as ambassadors to Troy, to demand the surrender of Helen

Paris wont agree even tho Helen thinks she should go and Antenor warns them

war is declared
the Trojans
barely one-tenth as many men

they have some heroes....Aenaes, Sarpedon, Glaucus, n Hector
the Illiad begins
starts in the 10th year and lasts for 51 days

the trojans are too scared of Achilles to leave their well-fortified city so the Greeks can only really attack the surrounding country and get war prizes (Chryseis)