Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Treaty of Lodi (1454)
Venice receives territories for recognizing Milanese Sforza’s right to duchy
Concordat of Bologna (1516)
French king Francis I and Pope Leo X agree, rescinds Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, pope can receive first year’s income of new bishops and abbots, French king can select French bishops and abbots
Treaty of Arras (1482)
French Burgundy declared part of the kingdom of France
Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
Portugal gets eastern trade route to Indies and Brazil, Spain gets lands west of Brazil
Peace of Augsburg (1555)
Charles V agrees to accept Lutheranism, each prince can choose territory’s religion, north and central mostly Lutheran, south Catholic
Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559)
Ends Habsburg-Valois Wars, Spain wins, dominates Italy
Peace of Westphalia (1648)
End of Thirty Years War, end of religious wars
English Statute of Laborers (1351)
Attempted to freeze salaries and wages at pre-1347 levels, failed because could not be enforced
Statute of Kilkenny (1366)
Attempt to prevent intermarriage, protect racial purity of English from Irish
Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges (1438)
Asserted superiority of general council over papacy, giving French crown major control over appointment of bishops, depriving pope of French ecclesiastical revenues, established Gallican (French) liberties
Golden Bull of 1356
Legalizes government by aristocratic federation in Germany
Act in Restraint of Appeals (1533)
Declares king supreme sovereign in England, forbids judicial appeals to papacy, so crown is highest legal authority
Act for the Submission of the Clergy (1534)
Churchmen must submit to the king, all ecclesiastical laws require royal permission
Supremacy Act (1534)
King is supreme head of Church of England
Elizabethan Settlement
Parliamentary legislation of early years of reign, require outward conformity to Church of England, uniformity in all ceremonies, all had to attend
Thirty-nine Articles (1563)
Summary of basic tenets of Church of England
Tametsi (1563)
Tridentine decree that required witnesses and a parish priest present during marriage vows, ending secret marriages in Catholic countries (in England, Hardwicke Act of 1753 abolished secret marriages)
Edict of Nantes (1598)
Henry IV grants Huguenots liberty to worship in certain towns
Edict of Restitution (1629)
All Catholic properties lost to Protestantism since 1552 restored, only Catholics and Lutherans allowed to practice, ruthlessly enforced by Wallenstein
Peace of Utrecht (1713)
Ends War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713), end of French expansionist policy, expanded British empire
Treat of the Pyrenees (1659)
Ends Spanish-French wars, end of Spain as great power
Triennial Act (1641)
House of Commons passed, king must summon Parliament every three years
Navigation Act (1651)
English goods must be transported on English ships
Pragmatic Sanction (1713)
Charles VI states Habsburg possessions never to be divided
Edict on Idle Institutions
Joseph II abolishes contemplative religious orders, permitting only those engaged in teaching, nursing, or other practical work
Stamp Act (1765)
British tax on Americans, repealed after vigorous protest
Coercive Acts (1773)
Close port of Boston after Boston Tea Party, curtail local elections, expand royal governor's power
Treaty of Paris (1783)
End of American Revolution, Britain recognizes independence of thirteen colonies, cedes territory
Oath of the Tennis Court (1789)
Delegates of third estate swear not to disband until new constitution is written
Declaration of Pillnitz
Austria and Prussia carefully indicate they will intervene in France under certain circumstances
Civil Code of 1804
Napoleon reasserts liberty and equality of all male citizens before the law, absolute security of wealth and private property
Concordat of 1801
Napoleon and Pope Pius VII agree that French Catholics can practice freely, Napoleon gains political power
Treaty of Luneville (1801)
Austria accepts loss of most of its Italian possessions, German territory on west bank of Rhine incorporated into France
Treaty of Amiens (1802)
Napoleon and Great Britain agree that France still controls Holland, Austrian Netherlands, west bank of Rhine, most of Italy
Treaties of Tilsit (1807)
Prussia loses half its population, Russia accepts Napoleon's reorganization of western and central Europe, promises to enforce economic blockaded against English goods
Treaty of Chaumont (1814)
Creates Quadruple Alliance of Austria, Prussia, Russia, Great Britain
Factory Act of 1833
Limits factory workday for children, requires factory owners to establish elementary schools, employment of children declines rapidly
Mines Act of 1842
Prohibits underground work for all women and boys under ten
Combination Acts (1799)
Outlaw unions and strikes, widely disregarded by workers, repealed in 1824
Carlsbad Decrees (1819)
Thirty-eight German member states must root out subversive ideas in universities and newspapers
Corn Laws (revised 1815)
Regulate foreign grain trade, revised to prohibit importation of foreign grain unless price at home rose a lot, met with protests by urban workers and radical intellectuals
Reform Bill of 1832
House of Commons emerges as all-important legislative body, eliminates rotten boroughs, more voters
Six Acts (1819)
Place controls on heavily taxed press, almost eliminates all mass meetings, followed by enormous protest (Battle of Peterloo)
Ten Hours Act of 1847
Workday for women and young people in factories limited to ten hours
Poor Law of 1834
Relief of paupers