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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE SCIENTISTS WHO STUDY THE STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH WHO ARE THE TREASURE HUNTERS OF TODAY?
GEOLOGISTS
THE OUTERMOST REGION OF THE EARTH WHERE ALL THE TREASURES DISCUSSED IN THE FIRST CHAPTER ARE IS CALLED...
THE CRUST
THE LAYER OF EARTH BENEATH THE CRUST
THE MANTLE
MELTED ROCK IS CALLED...
MAGMA
MAGMA MOVES LIKE...
PLIABLE (SOFT) PLASTIC
MOLTEN MEANS...
MELTED
THE THIRD LAYER OF THE EARTH IS CALLED THE...
CORE
NAME THE TWO PARTS OF THE CORE
INNER CORE AND OUTER CORE
HOW THICK IS THE OUTER CORE?
1300 MILES THICK
WHAT DO SCIENTISTS BELIEVE THE INNER CORE IS MADE OF?
IRON-1600 MILES IN DIAMETER
WHAT IS THE NAME OF LOOSE EARTH CONTAINING HUMUS AND TINY PIECES OF WEATHERED ROCK?
SOIL
WHAT IS HUMUS MADE OF?
DECAYING PLANT AND ANIMAL MATERIAL
WHAT ARE THE TWO MAJOR FORMS OF WEATHERING?
CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL
NAME A WEAK ACID THAT YOU MAY HAVE AT HOME?
LEMON JUICE
NAME TWO PLANTS THAT PRODUCE ACIDS THAT WEATHER THE ROCK TO WHICH THEY CLING?
MOSSES AND LICHENS
WHAT'S IT CALLED WHEN ROCK IS BROKEN BY PHYSICAL FORCES?
PHYSICAL WEATHERING
WHAT IS THE SOUND MADE WHEN ROCKS SPLIT AND BREAK DURING THE NIGHT IN THE DESERT DUE TO RAPID STRESS COOLING?
GUNSHOT SOUND
WHAT'S THE NAME OF ARTIFICIAL ROCK?
CONCRETE
NAME THE THREE CLASSIFICATIONS OF ROCKS
IGNEOUS, SEDIMENTARY, METAMORPHIC
WHEN MAGMA COOLS, IT HARDENS AND FORMS ________ OR FIERY ROCK
IGNEOUS
THE MAGMA FORCED THROUGH THE EARTH'S CRUST IS CALLED...
LAVA
WHEN LAVA HARDENS AS QUICKLY AS IT COOLS IT BECOMES WHAT KIND OF ROCK?
IGNEOUS
NAME TWO TYPES OF IGNEOUS ROCK
OBSIDIAN OR PUMICE
WHEN MAGMA DOES NOT ERUPT THROUGH THE SURFACE OF THE EARTH BUT PUSHES UP INTO UNDERGROUND CRACKS IN THE EXISTING ROCK AND COOLS SLOWLY BELOW THE SURFACE TO FORM WHAT TWO TYPES OF ROCK?
GRANITE OR BASALT
NAME THREE SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
SANDSTONE, LIMESTONE AND SHALE
THE VAST MAJORITY OF WHAT TYPE OF ROCK WAS PROBABLY FORMED DURING THE GREAT FLOOD OF NOAH'S TIME?
SEDIMENTARY ROCK
WHAT COMBINED PROPERTIES MAKE CEMENT?
WATER, SAND AND GRAVEL
CEMENT PRODUCES A VERY DURABLE ARTIFICIAL ROCK CALLED...
CONCRETE
WHAT IS SHALE (A SEDIMENTARY ROCK) FORMED FROM?
MUD (usually clay)
WHAT DOES SHALE SMELL LIKE WHEN IT GETS WET?
MUD
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE ROCK WHICH WAS ONCE LIMESTONE BUT WAS HARDENED AS THE RESULT OF EXTREME HEAT AND PRESSURE WITHIN THE EARTH?
MARBLE
SOME CHALKBOARDS ARE MADE FROM WHAT ROCK?
SLATE
NAME THE TWO LAYERS OF THE CRUST?
SOIL AND BEDROCK