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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is a declension?
it is a noun family
what does it mean to decline a noun?
You decline a noun when you change the endings to indicate how the noun is used in a sentence.
In a noun what is the base?
the part of a noun that remains unchanged when it is declined
In nouns, what are the endings?
the parts added to the base to indicate how a noun functions in a sentence.
What do the endings show?
they show the number, gender, and case (part of speech) of a noun
what part of speech is the nominative case
It is the subject noun
predicate noun
comes after a linking verb and is equal to the subject. It is in the nominative case
predicate adjective
It is also after a linking verb and describes the subject. It is in the nominative case
what part of speech is the accusative case
It is the direct object of the verb
In Latin, where is the verb often found?
Last in the sentence
more than one adjective for a noun
is often separated with et, or is placed before and after the noun, sandwiching it.
e.g. Multa oppida parva OR multa et parva oppida
appositives
Appositives are nouns that are restating another noun, for example, the king, Priam, was angry. Priam is an appositive of the king and immediately follows it. Appositives are always in the same case as its noun it agrees with.
which cases are the objects of prepositions?
both the accusative and ablative cases
which case shows the extent of time
accusative
genitive case is translated
of the ________________
dative case most often is ________________ (POS)
an indirect object
possession may be expressed with the dative and_________________
esse
Ablative forms that do not use a prep
ablative of means/instrument
ablative of manner
ablative of separation
ablative of time "at which"
ablative of proper place "from which"
ablative of means or instrument
does not use cum
answers "with which?" did something happen or by means of what?
ablative of manner
expresses the attitude with which something was accomplished
GratiA orAmus
"we pray with gratitude"
does not use prep
ablative of separation
expresses that someone or thing is separated from another
does not use prep
The fields are lacking grain
"AgrI frUmentIs carent."
ablative of place from which does not use a preposition when
using proper nouns. It answers the question "from which"

AenEAs TrOiA vEnit
Aeneas came from Troy
ablative of time at which
does not use the preposition
denotes the time at which something occured
what prepositions take the ablative?
a/ab
cum
de
e/ex
in
pro
sine
sub
what adjectives may take the ablative?
dignus and indignus
3rd declension masculine hint
er, or
3rd declension feminine hint
s,o,x
3rd declension neuter hint
L, A, N, C, E, T
what is special about 3rd declension i-stems
they have an i in the genitive plural before the ending,

-ium