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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What type of transportation was accounted for carrying the most cargo inside Canada (domestic freight) in 1998?
What parts of Canada are heavily served by LAND TRANSPORTATION?
BC, Southern AL, SASK, MAN, Southern ON, Southern QUE, PEI, NS, NB
What parts of Canada are not served by LAND TRANSPORTATION?
Northern NWT, Nunavut, Northern ON, Nothern QUE, NFL
3 reasons why areas are not served by land transportation?
1) economy is not highly developed, therefore, it is not worthy putting money into transportation
2) low population density
3) not a lot of islands & railways can't be built along the spaces in between
Which city experienced the largest amount of cargo tonnes in 1999, and how much was it?
Vancouver, 70 000
Why do big cities have a higher amount of freight than other areas?
- near the water, therefore, allowing boats/ships to come directly to port
- highly dense in population
- on the coast (mostly East)
How many Canadian cities have a major international airport?
How many Canadian major international airports are connected to major domestic travel routes?
Why are there many airports in the northern parts of Canada?
To get to the densily populated cities ($), for trading purposes
Which city had the busiest passenger and cargo airports in 2000?
High economy, densily populated, near water (Lake Ontario)
What does MOBILITY mean?
The ability to move around
What factors have allowed Canadians greater mobility over the past 60 years?
All the ways to transport: airplanes, cars, buses, trains...etc and the availability of roads, highways, vehicles...
What was the biggest drawback in Canada's transportation system?
The landforms. The Rockies and other landforms from North to South blocked off the railway, until a plan was made to build over them
How much $ does the gov. spend on roads/year? And why?
Spends over $7 billion because the road's structure needs to be maintained. Over 900 000km are roads.
Why has travel by train declined in Canada?
Cars are becoming cheaper to buy/own, rail cars are getting old and they aren't being replaced because of cost, carrying cargo more than people which creates freight traffic, air travel is faster and more popular
What were faults of the rail industry?
The cost of replacing old cars and freight traffic
What is an unavoidable fault of the rail industry?
More people choose to buy their cars because it is generally better and easier to transport, better deals on air flights
How can rail travel be improved? why would this be difficult?
Replace old cars. This would be difficult because of the cost
Changes in airline history?
Deregulation - fares and rates are controlled by gov.
Benefits of air travel? Would everyone benefit?
Faster, better connections, more destinations, better deals from competing airlines... Not everyone would benefit b/c of cost
Impact of automobiles?
1) flexibilty
2) uses large quantities of petroleum
3) greater mobility
4) expensive
5) contributes to global warming
Automobile's influence of the appearance of cities/towns?
1) contributes to global warming
2) economy increases
3) more popular
4) tourism increases
5) toxic air
What could be done to reduce harmful effects on the environment from vehicles?
More efficient cars, use public transit, carpool
Why in the 1950's, did the gov. gather nomadic Inuit communites on the arctic islands?
to help assert Canadian sovereignty over the arctic
How did this effect daily lives?
Inuit became dependant on the gov. for basic needs
Why did Mackenzie River become a vital shipping route?
Distributes/transports fuel, food, building materials & cars to popul.
Wheat, coal, gravel or iron ore shipped in loose form rather than in packages. Usually, low value, & must be shipped as cheapily as possible.
What is a UNIT TRAIN?
Carries larges amounts of ONE cargo along a route. It is efficient b/c they carry a lot of cargo one way
What is the best way to transport bulk cargo?
1) train/rail
2) ships
3) airplane
4) truck
Examples of unit train routes and cargoes
Saskatoon -> Vancouver= POTASH
Solutions railways came up w. to compete with trucks?
1) "piggyback system": combines truck & rail
2) involves containers which can be moved by rail, truck, ship or air
Built over frozen tundra/lakes/rivers to provide vehicle access to northern communities and mining sites during winter
Why are winter ice roads important?
B/c essentials are distributed to northern areas over water by these roads
4 ways of transportation?
Road- trucks/rail transport
Ship- long distances known as sea ways
Air- airplanes, expensive
Pipeline- usually gases and liquids
Types of cargo airplanes transport?
Jewlery- light weight & small
Electronic equipment- high $
Flowers- perishable
Machinery parts- required ASAP
200kg of meat from Regina to Winnipeg must be kept cool?
Truck- refridgeration, less $, not far
Oil from central AL to various parts of ON?
Rail- far, many routes for destination, fast
1000 live lobsters from PEI to Ottawa
Plane- far, space, refridgeration, FAST
25 000 tonnes of wheat form souther SASK to Netherlands
Plane- very far, fast
Rail- bulk cargoes
Tomatoes from southern ON to Churchill MB
Truck- not far, space
2kg package from NS to Atlanta - speedy delivery is desired but less $
Rail- less $, far, enough space, fast
1000 textbooks from Calgary to Toronto
Rail/Truck- cargo space, less $
6 cars from ON to MB
Rail- cargo space, not far, less $