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4 Cards in this Set

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Category:

Airborne precautions
Barrier Protection:
(airborne)

Private room
Negative pressure airflow of at least 6-12 air exchanges/hr via HEPA filtration
Mask or respiratory protection device
Disease:

Droplet nuclei smaller than 5 mcg
Measles
Chicken pox (varicella)
Disseminated varicella zoster
Pulmonary or laryngeal TB
Category:

Droplet precautions
Barrier Protection:
(droplet)

Private room or cohort clients (refer to facility policy for cohorting clients)
Mask or respirator is required (refer to policy)
Disease:

Droplet nuclei larger than 5 mcg
Being within 3 feet of client
diphtheria (pharyngeal)
Rubella
Streptococcal pharyngitis
Pneumonia
Meningococcal pneumonia or sepsis
Scarlet fever in infants/young children
Pneumonic plague
Category:

Contact precautions
Barrier Protection:
(contact)

Private room or cohort clients (refer to policy for cohorting clients)
Gloves
Gowns
Disease:

DIrect client or environmental contact
Colonization or infection with multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) such as VRE and MRSA
Clostridium difficile
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Draining wounds where secretions are not contaminated
Scabies
Category:

Protective environment
Barrier Protection:
(protective environment)

Private room
Positive pressure room with 12 or more air exchanges per hour
HEPA filtration for incoming air
respirator mask
Gloves
Gowns
Disease:

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants