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33 Cards in this Set

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Florence Nightingale
Her goal to help the British soldiers in the Crimean War earned her world respect as a nurse and leader
Clara Barton
is best remembered for organizing the American Red Cross.
Dorothea Dix
an American activist on behalf of the indigent insane who, created the first generation of American mental asylums. During the Civil War, she served as Superintendent of Army Nurses.
Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman was a runaway slave from Maryland who became known as the "Moses of her people."Tubman even carried a gun which she used to threaten the fugitives if they became too tired or decided to turn back, telling them, "You'll be free or die."
Sojourner Truth
was born into slavery in New York as Isabella Baumfree. "Den dat little man in black dar, he say women can't have as much rights as men, 'cause Christ wan't a woman! Whar did your Christ come from?"
Isabel Hampton Robb
(1860–1910) was one of the founders of modern American nursing theory and one of the most important leaders in the history of nursing.
Mary Brekinridge
Established the Frontier Nursing Service (FNS) in 1925 to provide professional health care in the Appalachian Mountains of eastern Kentucky, one of America's poorest and most isolated regions.
Mildred Montag
sought to alleviate a critical shortage of nurses by decreasing the length of the education process to two years and to provide a sound educational base for nursing instruction by placing the program in community/junior colleges.
Lavinia Dock
compiled the first, and long most important, manual of drugs for nurses, Materia Medica for Nurses (1890)
Virginia Henderson
defined nursing as "assisting individuals to gain independence in relation to the performance of activities contributing to health or its recovery" (Henderson, 1966, p. 15).
Florence Nightingale
Are there no devoted women among us, able and willing to go forth to minister to the sick and suffering soldiers of the East in the hospitals of Scutari? Are none of the daughters of England, at this extreme hour of need, ready for such a work of mercy?
Florence Nightingale
she came to be known generally as ‘The Lady-in-Chief.’
Florence Nightingale
The wounded men called her ‘The Lady of the Lamp.’
Florence Nightingale
A lady with a lamp shall stand
In the great history of the land,
A noble type of good,
Heroic womanhood.

http://www.victorianweb.org/history/crimea/filomena.html
Florence Nightingale
1860 the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses was established at St. Thomas's Hospital.
Florence Nightingale
Ten times more soldiers died from illnesses such as typhus, typhoid, cholera and dysentery than from battle wounds. Conditions at the temporary barracks hospital were so fatal to the patients because of overcrowding and the hospital's defective sewers and lack of ventilation
Isabel Hampton Robb
served as president of both the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses, which eventually became the National League for Nursing, and the Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada, which became the American Nurses Association.
Isabel Hampton Robb
established the first grading policy in a nursing school. (75%)
Isabel Hampton Robb
member of the founding committee for the American Journal of Nursing and one of the founders of the International Council of Nurses.
Mary Breckinridge Frontier Nursing Service (FNS)
FNS staff started the American Association of Nurse-Midwives, a precursor of the American College of Nurse-Midwives, in 1929 and the first American school of midwifery in New York in 1932.
Mary Breckinridge Frontier Nursing Service (FNS)
saw high maternal mortality and came to believe that children's healthcare should begin in the prenatal period, focusing on birth and a child's first years.
Breckinridge and her horseback angels
if the father could come for the nurse, the nurse would get to the mother, even if the terrain became to difficult for horses and the nurse had to finish the journey on foot.
Mary Breckinridge Frontier Nursing Service (FNS)
The FNS started midwifery work in Leslie County and part of Clay County because neither region had physicians.
Dr. Mildred Montag
proposed educating a technical nurse for two years to assist the professional nurse, whom she envisioned as having a baccalaureate degree.
Hildegard Peplau
formed an interpersonal model emphasizing the need for a partnership between nurse and client as opposed to the client passively receiving treatment (and the nurse passively acting out doctor's orders).
Hildegard Peplau
1. Orientation Phase
2. Identification Phase
3. Exploitation Phase
4. Resolution Phase
Hildegard Peplau
1. Stranger role: Receives the client the same way one meets a stranger in other life situations; provides an accepting climate that builds trust.
2. Resource role: Answers questions, interprets clinical treatment data, gives information.
3. Teaching role: Gives instructions and provides training; involves analysis and synthesis of the learner's experience.
4. Counseling role: Helps client understand and integrate the meaning of current life circumstances; provides guidance and encouragement to make changes.
5. Surrogate role: Helps client clarify domains of dependence, interdependence, and independence and acts on clients behalf as advocate.
6. Active leadership: Helps client assume maximum responsibility for meeting treatment goals in a mutually satisfying way.
Hildegard Peplau
1. Stranger role:
Receives the client the same way one meets a stranger in other life situations; provides an accepting climate that builds trust.
Hildegard Peplau

2. Resource role:
Answers questions, interprets clinical treatment data, gives information.
Hildegard Peplau

Teaching role:
Gives instructions and provides training; involves analysis and synthesis of the learner's experience.
Hildegard Peplau
4. Counseling role:
Helps client understand and integrate the meaning of current life circumstances; provides guidance and encouragement to make changes.
Hildegard Peplau
5.Surrogate role:
Helps client clarify domains of dependence, interdependence, and independence and acts on clients behalf as advocate.
Hildegard Peplau
6. Active leadership:
6. Active leadership: Helps client assume maximum responsibility for meeting treatment goals in a mutually satisfying way.