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7 Cards in this Set

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What plants have dimethyl disulfide?
MOA?
mustards
reduced intestinal flora in monogastrics and rumen flora to dimethyl disulfide
cause heinz bodies
see signs of anemia, depression, hemoglobinemia, icterus
What plants have diterpene esters?
candelabra
and poinsettias
causes direct irritation of the skin and mucous membranes
mild signs but can be severe in horses
Name this Plant
Poinsettia
Main toxic Principle: Little diterpene esters

Clinical Signs: Eye and skin irritation and allergy, GI signs
What plant has grayanotoxins?
MOA?
Rhododendron azalea
GI irritant
binds sodium channels in excitable cells
increase permeability of the GI mucosa
salivation, vomiting aspiration pneumonia
Name this plant
Rhododendron azalea
Main toxic Principle: Grayanotoxins

Clinical Signs: GI signs, depression, tachycardia, tachypnea, seizures, and death is usually from aspiration pneumonia
What plant has lectins?
MOA?
castor bean
inhibit cell protein glycolysis resulting in death
Name this plant
castor bean
Main toxic Principle: Phytotoxin in seeds, oil in seeds

Clinical Signs: Severe GI signs, bloody diarrhea, cyanosis, convulsions, liver and kidney damage