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5 Cards in this Set

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the first stop along the Sacred Way, the main road that winds through the lavish complex of buildings at Delphi

dates from the 4th Century A.D. when the Romans refurbished the agora

had a series of shops, and provided a place for visitors to stop before ascending the Sacred Way
Wealthy Greek city-states built numerous "treasuries" along the Sacred Way, between the agora and temple.

demonstrated a city's loyalty and faith to the oracle

provided a convenient location for the city's travelers to stop and meet with fellow countrymen, something like an embassy or cultural center in a foreign land

displayed the city's wealth and power, and cities competed with each other to endow their respective building with the most beautiful sculptures and ornate architecture

The standing building, the treasury of the Athenians, was restored after excavation. In all, some fifteen treasuries populated the slope below the temple.
Temple of Apollo:
the centerpiece of the sanctuary, sat half-way up the mountain

Six Doric columns on the front and back, and fifteen on each side, surrounded the temple

The temple's front pediment sported a scene of Apollo's arrival at Delphi; the back pediment depicted the setting of the Sun god, Helios.

the interior housed the omphalos, the traditional "navel" of the world and later claimed as the stone that Kronos swallowed in place of Zeus

Engraved on the temple's walls were the famous proverbs "Nothing in excess" and "Know thyself."

the adyton, the temple's innermost shrine, was the highlight. It was from there that Apollo spoke his famous prophecies through the Pythia.
semi-circular orchestra and wrapping seats are also characteristic of Greek theaters

makes use of the natural slope of the mountain for seating, thus minimizing construction

has a small, short scene building and offers spectacular views of the valley below as a backdrop

Paeans (hymns of praise), re-enactments of Apollo's battle with the Python, and celebratory dances all took place in the theater
The Sacred Way, snaking its way up Mount Parnassos, culminates in the stadium.

hosted the Pythian Games

Modeled on the Olympian Games (so-called for their location at the temple complex of Olympia), the Pythian Games included the popular events of single and double stadium-length sprints, a race in full armor, and chariot races