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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Order from most general to least general: Totalitarianism, Authoritarianism, and Dictatorship
Dictatorship, Authoritarianism, Totalitarianism
What is essential for a rule to be called totalitarian?
TOTAL control of ALL aspects of the country: Politics, Economics, Religion, Society, Intellect (including history), and Aesthetics (PERSIA)
What are the two types of totalitarian governments?
communist and non-communist
When in history has totalitarianism developed?
only in the 20th century
Give 10 developments that made totalitarianism possible in the 20th Century.
industrial technology, urbanization, advances in communication, weapons, Social Darwinism, mass (visual) media for propaganda, mass psychology, controlable trade, decline of religion, and dependence on the government
Who coined the term "personality cult"?
Nikita Krushchev
What are the four aspects of a personality cult?
Leader is worshiped as a deity, becomes the hero/savior of the people, the leader and state are synonymous, and images of the leader are found everywhere.
What happens to a personality cult after the death of the leader?
The leader is villified, at least once a new regime takes power (counterexample Kim Il-sung).
What are 8 examples of famous totalitarian leaders?
Stalin, Hitler, Mao, Ho Chi Minh, Pol Pot, Tito, Saddam Hussein and Kim Jong-il
How do leaders create a personality cult?
by making promises (Lenin's "Bread, Land, Peace"), with fear/violence/threats, by having widespread poverty and other problems (it can only get better), by using a common enemy, and with charisma
How do totalitarian leaders maintain power?
through the Party (it's a single-party state)