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14 Cards in this Set

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WHAT IS A TORNADO? WHAT IS A FUNNERL CLOUD?
A tornado is a rapidly rotating column of air that blows around a small area of intense low pressure with a circulation that reaches the ground. A funnel cloud is a tornado whose circulation has not reached the ground.
DESCRIBE THE TORNADO SIZES, DURATION, AND DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT.
The diameter of most tornadoes is between 100 and 600 m (about 300 and 2000ft). Tornadoes tend to move from the southwest toward the northeast at speeds usually between 20 and 40 knots. Most tornadoes last only a few minutes and have an average path length of about 7 km (4mi).
WHAT IS THE RANGE OF WIND SPEEDS ASSOCIATED WITH TORNADOES?
20 and 40 knots
IS WIND SPEED UNIFORM ACROSS A TORNADO (IF IT IS MOVING FORWARD)? EXPLAIN.
When a tornado is approaching from the southwest, its strongest winds are on its southeast side.
WHAT ARE "SUCTION VORTICES"?
small, rapidly rotating whirls perhaps 10 m in diameter that are found within large
WHERE ARE TORNADOES MOST COMMON IN THE US? WHAT IS THE NAME GIVEN TO THIS REGION?
Tornadoes are most common from central Texas to Nebraska. This area is called tornado alley.
IS IT POSSIBLE FOR TORNADOES TO DEVELOP IN ALL 50 STATES? HAVE TORNADOES BEEN REPORTED IN ALL 50 STATES?
yes and yes
WHAT TIME OF YEAR ARE TORNADOES MOST COMMON?
during the spring, through may and july
WHAT TIME OF DAY ARE TORNADOES MOST COMMON?
in the late afternoon (4:00 to 6:00) when the surface air is most unstable.
WHAT SCALE IS USED TO RANK THE INTENSITY OF TORNADOES? BRIEFLY EXPLAIN HOW THIS SCALE WORKS
The fujita scale is utilized. The fujita is used to determine the amount of damage that will be done.
WHAT TORNADO RANKING SCALE WAS RECENTLY UPDATED? WHY? WHAT IS THE PRIMARY DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE OLD AND NEW SCALES?
The fujita scale was updated and is now called the enhanced fujita scale.The enhanced fujita scale was improved to original f-scale because it uses degree of damage indicators.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A TORNADO WATCH AND A TORNADO WARNING?
Tornado watches are issued when a tornado is likely to form during the next few hours. They are also issued by the storm prediction center and they are issued by counties. A tornado warning is issued once a tornado has been spotted. They are issued by your particular office and they are issued for specific towns or villages.
IDENTIFY SOME OF THE TOOLS USED IN FORECASTING TORNADOES.
-doppler radar
-precipitation pattern
"hook echo"
-wind pattern
"mesocyclone signature"
WHAT IS "NOAA WEATHER RADIO"? HOW CAN OWNING A WEATHER RADIO DECREASE INJURIES AND FATALITIES
The NOAA radio is a government readio. It is critical for warning of severe weather. If people are warned and aware of what is happening this will greatly minimize the deaths and casualties. An alarm sounds when warning are issued. It is also being used for Amber Alerts and Terrorist Attacks.