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15 Cards in this Set

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Metabolism
all the chemical reaxtions that occur within a cell
catabolism
larger molecules are broken into smaller molecules releasing energy in the form of ATP
anabolism
the synthesis of macromolecules (such as proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids ) using energy obtained from one or two sources such as catabolism or photosynthesis
1 kcal
1,000 calories
Energy can be measured in...
units of heat known as calories
1 calories
the amount of heat required to raise 1 gram of water 1 degree celcius
ATP is an energy rich molecule
ADP + Pi -► ATP -► ADP ̃Pi

̃= high energy bond
ATP is
Adenosine bonded to three phosphates Pi-Pi ̃ Pi

ATP+ H20-►ADP+ Pi +7300 calories
Pi=H3PO4
Oxidation and _______ always take place TOGETHER
reduction
Reduction
Acceptance of e- lost during oxidation
ex. e- is H+
Energy released by oxidation is lost as _______ and or stored chemically as ______
1. heat
2. ATP
Complete oxidation of ORGANIC molecules yields ____
water + Co2+ energy
NAD + H
NADP+ H
FAD + H
NADH
NADPH
FADH2
The more reduced a molecule is...
the more hydrogens it has
the more reduced a molecule is the more _____ that's in a molecule
potential energy