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151 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Beta blockers names end w/...
"lol"
Ace Inhibitors names end w/...
"pril"
Calcium Channel Blockers names end w/....
"pines"
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) names end w/...
"sartens"
Diuretic types (3)
thiazides
loop diurectics
potassium-sparing diuretics
Thiazides mechanism
and ex
interfers w/ the transport of Na ions across renal tubules

HCTZ
Loop diuretics mechanism
and ex
inhibit Na and Cl reabsorption in ascending LoH

Furosemide
Potassium-sparing diuretic mechanism

and ex(2)
acts on distal renal tubule

Spironolactone
Triamterene
Beta blockers mechanism
block beta-1 receptors in cardiac tissue
Ace inhibitors mechanism
prevents conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II
Calcium channel blockers mechanism
reduces intracellular [Ca] in cardiac and vascular smooth muscle
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) mechanism
angiotensin II receptor antagonist
Cardiac Anti-lipid mechanism
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, HMG-CoA is an early precursor of cholesterol
Pain drugs (11)
1)butorphanol
2)codeine
3)fentanyl
4)hydrocodone
5)ibuprofen
6)ketorolac
7)meperidine
8)morphine
9)oxycodone
10)propoxyphene/APAP
11)tramadol
Antiemetic/Antidiarrhea drugs (12)
1)diphenoxylate
2)dronabinol
3)granisetron
4)hydroxyzine
5)loperamide
6)meclizine
7)metoclopramide
8)midazolam
9)ondansetron
10)prochlorperazine
11)promethazine
12)scopolamine
Cardiovascular diuretic drugs (8) (look over)
1)bumetanide
2)fursemide
3)HCTZ
4)indapamide
5)metolazone
6)spironolactone
7)torsemide
8)triamterence/HCTZ
Cardio Beta Blockers (6)
1)atenolol
2)bisoprolol
3)carvedilol
4)labetalol
5)metaprolol
6)propanolol
Cardio Ace Inhibitors (6)
1)Captopril
2)enalapril
3)lisiniopril
4)quinapril
5)ramipril
6)trandolapril
Cardio Calcium Channel Blockers (5)
1)amlodipine
2)diltiazem
3)felodipine
4)nifedipine
5)verapamil
Cardio Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARB's) (5)
1)candesartan
2)irbesartan
3)losartan
4)olmesartan
5)valsartan
Cardio 'Other' drugs (8) (look over)
1)amiodarone
2)clonidine
3)digoxin
4)doxazosin
5)isosorbide dinitrate
6)isosorbide mononitrate
7)nitroglycerine
8)terazosin
Cardio Anti-Lipid drugs (11)
1)atorvastatin
2)cholestyramine
3)ezetimibe
4)fenofibrate
5)fluvastatin
6)gemfibrozil
7)lovastatin
8)niacin
9)pravastatin
10)rosuvastatin
11)simvastatin
___ treat ADHD and narcolepsy (3)
1)amphetamine
2)atomoxetine
3)methylphenidate
triptans are used to treat...
migranes w/ or w/o aura
Which alzeheimer's agents is NOT a choline esterase inhibitor
memantine
ONLY true emulsion on our list
Propofol
5-HT neurologic drugs (4)
Almotriptan
Rizatriptan
Sumatriptan
Zolmitriptan
Triptans (4)
Almotriptan
Rizatriptan
Sumatriptan
Zolmitriptan
Alzeheimer's agents(4)
Donepezil
Galantamine
Memantine
Rivastigmine
Sleep Meds (5)
Eszopiclone
Temazepam
Ramelteon
Zalephon
Zolpidem
Anorexics/Stimulants(3)
Amphetamine
Atomoxetine
Methylphenidate
(2) drugs that need to be kept in the fridge
1)Exenatide
2)Calcitonin
3 sufonylureas
a)can only be used to treat ___ and why?
Glimepiride
Glipizide
Glyburide

diabetesII b/c pancreas has to be able to secrete insulin
Biguanide
a)special condition w/ these
b)ex(1)
1)MUST BE TAKEN W/ FOOD
2)metformin/glucophage
TZD's (2)
Pioglitazone/Actos
Rosiglitazone/Avandia
If meal is skipped, skip dose too b/c they control blood glucose after a meal, what drug's condition is this?

What is the class of this drug?
Special condition w/ Repaglinide/Prandin

Meglitinide
Bisphosphanates (2)
and 1 conditions w/ em
Fosamax(Alendronate)
Actonel(Risedronate)

Dont lay down for 30min after taking
3 drugs for ED

3 conditions w/ em
Viagra(Sildenafil)
Cialis(Tadalafil)
Levitra(Vardenafil)

take 1hr before sex
no nitrates w/ em
PDE inhibitors
5alpha reductase inhibitors (2)
Avodart
Proscar
___ is used when ppl cant tolerate bisphosphanates
Calcitonin
Finasteride in 1mg is...
Finasteride in 5mg is...
a)Propecia
b)Proscar
Synthroid is used in....
hypothyroidism
____ is a stand alone progestin
Ovcon(Norethindrone)
SERM ex(1)
and what is SERM?
and what is it used for?
Evista(Raloxifene)
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator
osteoporosis ONLY
Viagra can cause...
visual disturbances
Rapid Acting Insulins(4) (generic and brand name)
1)Novolog
4)Humalog
2)Apidra
3)Exubera (inhalation)
Short Acting Insulins (1)
(generic w/ 2 brand names)
Insulin (Regular) Injuection

Humulin-R
Novolin-R
Intermediate Acting Insulins (1) (generic w/ 2 brand names)
Isophane Insulin (NPH) Injection

Humulin-N
Novolin-N
Long Acting Insulin (2)
Lantus
Levemir
Exubera comes in 2 doses and their equivalents in injectable insulin
1mg= 30U insulin
3mg= 80U insulin
The rapid acting insulins must be....
TAKEN W/ FIRST BITE OF FOOD
Long Acting insulin special condition
CAN BE GIVEN ANY TIME OF DAY
histamine H2 receptor antagonists
a)drugs (4)
b)fxn
a)cimetidine
famotidine
nizatidine
ranitidine
b)treat duodenal ulcers
PPI's
a)drugs (5)
b)fxn
a)esomeprazole
lansoprazole
omeprazole
pantoprazole
rabeprazole
b)treat GERD and esophagitis
Atropine isomers
a)drugs (2)
b)significance of this (2)
a)diphenoxylate
hyoscyamine
b)means opiate agonist
anti-peristaltic
DMARD
a)unabbreviated
b)fxn(2)
a)disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs
b)block TNF
biologic response modifiers
DC'd cox-2's (2)
vioxx
bextra
1st gen cephalosporins
cefazolin
cephalexin
2nd gen cephalosporins (2)
cefaclor
cefuroxime
3rd gen cephalosporins (3)
cefdinir
cefixime
ceftriaxone
4th gen cephalosporins
cefepime
cephalosporins
a)act how against bacteria?
b)probably allergic to these if allergic to....
c)as generation increases, what increases
a)bacteriocidal
b)penicillin
c)spectrum increases
ONLY cepahlosporin w/ a dietary warining?
cefdinir
___ is used in place of amoxicillin
ceftriaxone
Cephalosporins (8)
1)cefaclor
2)cefazolin
3)cefdinir
4)cefepime
5)cefixime
6)cefuroxime
7)ceftriaxone
8)cephalexin
Aminoglycosides (4)
1)gentamicin
2)neomycin
3)streptomycin
4)tobramycin
Aminoglycosides
a)all are ___(route) excpept ___ which has the ___ route
b)use in ___'s for ____
c)therapeutic index?
a)parenteral, neomycin(topical)
b)hospital for serious infection
c)NARROW
Therapy length for nexium?
4-8 wks
hyoscyamine is also ____
anti-muscarinic
PPI's end in ___
-prazole
H2 antagonists end in ____
-dine
DMARD drugs (5)
1)adalimumab
2)enbrel
3)anakinra
4)leflunomide
6)infliximab
____ was used after vioxx/bextra went off the market
mobic
Rheumatologic NSAIDs (4)
1)celecoxib
2)meloxicam
3)naproxen
4)diclofenac
Macrolides
a)drugs(3)
b)main condition
c)original one was ___ and replaced b/c...
a)azithromycin
clarithromycin
erythromycin
b)TAKE W/ FOOD
c)erythromycin, other 2 have less GI distress
Azithromycin version (2)
1)z-pack - 250mg for 5 days
2)tripack - 500mg for 3 days
Biaxin condition
w/ XL version you take 2 pills @ once, once daily
erythromycin treats (2)
acne
URI
Penicillins
a)drugs (3)
b)mechanism
a)amoxicillin
ampicillin
penicillin VK
b)bactericidal
Quinolones
a)drugs (3)
b)treats.....
c)can cause ____
d)__ is not used much b/c of resistance
a)ciprofloxacin
levofloxacin
ofloxacin
b)pneumonia
c)sun sensitivity
d)ciprofloxacin
Tetracyclines
a)drugs (4)
b)main side effects (2)
c)mechanism
a)doxycycline
minocycline
tetracycline
tigecycline
b)sun sensitivity, dont take w/ dairy, multivitamins, antacids
c)bacteriostatic (inhibit protein syn)
Antifungals
a)drugs (3) (and 1 thing each about 2 of the drugs)
b)main thing about em
a)fluconazole (cures yeast infection in one dose)
griseofulvin
ketoconazole(hepatotoxic)
b)LONG DOSAGE PERIODS
Clindamycin side effect
causes colitis; look for patient buying lotsa Immodium
Melfloquine treats....
malaria
Main thing w/ metrondiazole
NO ALCOHOL
Main thing w/ nitrofurantoin
TAKE W/ FOOD
Rifampin is a...., puts ___ patients at risk
classic enzyme inducer

birth control patients
Telithromycin fxn
community acquired pneumonia ONLY, b/c so toxic
Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole fxn
pneumonia treatments in AIDS patients
Vancomycin fxn (2)
for MRSA and is weight based drug
____ treat type A flu
Amantadine
Rimantadine
____ treat type A and B flu
Oseltamivir
protease inhibitors (3)
1)indinavir
2)lopinavir
3)ritonavir
nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (2)
1)lamivudine
2)zidovudine
Kaletra is a combo of....
lopinavir and ritonavir
Anti-neoplastics (13)
1)anastrozole
2)bleomycin
3)cisplatin
4)docetaxel
5)doxorubicin
6)etoposide
7)fluorouracil
8)gemcitabine
9)mitomycin
10)paclitaxel
11)rituximab
12)tamoxifen
13)vincristine
Bleomycin is...
antibiotic and antineoplastic
cisplatin characteristics (2)
1)reacts w/ aluminum
2)high rates of nausea/vomiting
cyclosporine is a ____
DMARD
erythropoeitic drugs (2)
1)darbepoetin alfa
2)epotin alfa
main side effect of DOXORUBICIN
alopecia
Enoxaparin is a....
low MW heparin
Filgrastim is a...
GCSF (granulocyte colony stimulating factor)
Etoposide is derived from...
pedofela toxin derivative
Gemcitabine is a....
antimetabolite
Interferon-Beta-1A treats...
MS
Ewe tree extracts (2)
1)paclitaxel
2)docetaxel
tamoxifen condition....
5yr therapy for breast cancer
vincristine is a....
vinca alkaloid derivative
# of strength of warfarin
9
RESPIRATORY ANTIHISTAMINES (2)
LORATADINE
DESLORATADINE
Insulin Aspart is...
novolog
Insulin glulisine is...
apidra
Insulin inhalation is...
exubera
Insulin lispro is...
humalog
insulin regualr injection is...
humulin-r
novolin-r
Isophane Insuline Injection is...
humulin-n
novolin-n
insulin glargine is...
lantus
insulin determir is...
levermir
Betamethasone is a...
fluoronated corticosteroid
Docosanol is a...
aliphatic alcohol, antiviral for herpes
Gentamicin is classified as a...
dermatologic aminoglycoside
Latanoprost class
dermatologic prostaglandin
Nystatin can fxn as a...(2)
antifungal
abx
Otopatadine is a....
dermatological h1 antagonist
Timolol treats...
glaucoma via being a beta-blocker
4 dermatological corticosteroids
1)betamethasone
2)hydrocortisone
3)prednisone
4)triamcinolone
Which is better absorbed and why (ointment/cream)
ointment better than cream b/c ointment's are oil based
____ increaes viral infextions while taken
triamcinolone
6 classes of psychotropics
1)anxiolytic
2)atypical
3)benzodiazepine
4)phenothiazine
5)SSRI
6)tricyclic
Anxiolytic?
anti-anxiety
Atypical? (2)
1)atypical anti-psychotics
2)2nd generation psychotropics
Benzodiazepine (4 fxns)
1)anxiolytic
2)sedative
3)anti-convulsant
4)muscle relaxants
Phenothiazine
a)fxn
b)3 of em
a)1st generation psychotropics
b1)thorazine
b2)phenergan
b3)compazine
SSRI?
majority of modern psychotropics
Tricyclic structure?
3 rings
Haloperidol facilitates...
parkinson's
Diazepam fxn (2)
1)used pre-op
2)has all uses listed for a benzodiazepine
XL of lithium is...
lithobid
2 drugs that inhibit norepinephrine and serotonin reuptake
Duloxetine
Venlafaxine
1st line of defense against depression
sertraline
Why are MAOI's not used today?
they have serious side effects
Selegiline is a...
MAO-B inhibitor
Mirtazapine is a...
antidepressive tetracycline
MAOI's (3)
1)Phenelzin
2)Tranylcypromine
3)Selegiline
Anxiolytic psychotropic drugs (1)
1)Buspirone
Atypical psychotropics drugs (5)
1)aripoprazole
2)olanzapine
3)quetiapine
4)resperidone
5)ziprasidone
Benzodiazepine psychotropic drugs (4)
1)alprazolam
2)clonazepam
3)diazepam
4)lorazepam
phenothiazine psychotropic drugs
none
SSRI psychotropic drugs (7)
1)citalopram
2)duloxetine
3)escitalopram
4)fluoxetine
5)paroxetine
6)sertraline
7)venlafaxine
Tricyclic psychotropic drugs (4)
1)clozapine
2)amitriptylline
3)nortriptylline
4)imipramine