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14 Cards in this Set

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Benazepril HCl
Lotensin
Hypertension
Suppression of RAAS system. Competitive Ace inhibition angiotensin I to angiotensin II. Inhibition of ACE, leads to decreased Ang II and aldosterone.
Do not discontinue med unless otherwise directed. Avoid Non-prescription cough, cold, allergy meds. Avoid salt substitutes containing potassium. Report any FACIAL swelling, difficulty in breathing(Angioedema). Store cool/dry place from sunlight/children. Do not double doses.
Enalapril Maleate
Vasotec
Hypertension
The active metabolite is produced. Competitive Ace inhibition angiotensin I to angiotensin II
May be taken w/o regard to meals. Stop use if any swelling occurs. Avoid non-prescription cough, cold, and allergy meds . Avoid salt substitutes containing potassium. Do not double doses. Report any signs of neutropenia(fever, sore throat).
Furosemide
Lasix
Edema, Hypertension
loop diuretic, inhibits reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the proximal, distal, and loop of henle
May be taken w/ food/milk if GI upset. Timing of dose important because diuresis-usually given in a.m. Avoid sunlight. Do not take any non-prescrip cough, cold, medicines, antacids, laxatives, or antidiarrheals. May cause orthostatic hypotension. Do not double doses.
Hydrochlorothiazide
Hydrodiuril/Microzide
Hypertension
Inhibits reabsorption of sodium/chloride at the distal renal tubule
May be taken with food/milk if GI upset. Timing of dose important because of increased diuresis. Usually given in a.m. Avoid sunlight. Store in cool/dry place. If dose is missed, skip it and return to normal.
Irbesartan
Avapro
Hypertension
Blocks binding of angio II to the ATI receptor. Found in many tissues. DOES NOT INHIBIT ACE
Take w or w/o food. When pregnancy is detected, discontinue drug asap. Store in cool/dry place away from sunlight/children.
Lisinopril
Prinivil, Zestril
Hypertension
Suppression of R-A-A-S system. Competitive inhibition of ACE
Take w/o regard to meals. Avoid non-prescrip cough, cold, and allergy meds. Avoid salt subs containing potassium. Store in cool/dry place from sunlight/children. Do not double doses. Contact physician for signs of swelling.
Lisinopril/Hydrochlorothiazide
Zestoretic/Prinzide
Hypertension
Suppression of R-A-A-S system. Competitive inhibition of ACE
Take w/o regard to meals. Timing of dose is important because of increased diuresis. Usually given in a.m. Avoid excessive exposure to sunlight. Do not discontinue meds. Avoid non-prescrip cough, cold, and allergy meds. Avoid salt substitutes containing potassium. Store in cool dry place from sunlight. Do not double doses. Contact physician if signs of swelling occur.
Losartan
Cozaar
Hypertension
Blocks binding of angio II to the ATI receptor. Found in many tissues.
Admin w or w/o food. When pregnancy is detected, should be discontinued asap. Store in a cool dry place away from sunlight/children. Contact phys for severe effects.
Losartan/HCTZ
Hyzaar
Hypertension
Blocks binding of angio II to the ATI receptor. Found in many tissues.
Admin w or w/o food. Store in a cool/dry place from sunlight/children. Timing of dose is important because of increased diuresis. Avoid excessive expos to sunlight.
Potassium Chloride
Klor-con K-dur Micro K
Potassium replacement
Principal intracellular cation.
Take w or after meals w/full glass of water. Swallow tablets whole. May be halved. Avoid salt substitutes containing potassium. Matrix may be found in stool. Store in a cool/dry place from sunlight/children.
Ramipril
Altace
Hypertension
Suppression of R-A-A-S system. Competitive inhibition of ACE
Do not discontinue meds unless directed by physician. Capsules may be swallowed whole or contents sprinkled over soft food. Can be mixed with apple juice/water. Stable 24 hrs room temp, 48 hrs refrig. Avoid nonprescrip cough, cold, and allergy meds. Avoid salt substitutes containing potassium. Report any signs of facial swelling, difficulty in breathing, infection. Do not double doses. Store in cool dry place from sunlight/children.
Triamterene/Hydrochlorothiazide
Dyazide, Maxzide
Hypertension
Inhibits reabsorption of sodium in exchange for potassium at distal renal tubule. Hydro-inhibits reabsorption of sodium chloride at distal renal tubule.
Timing of dose is important because of increased diuresis. Usually given in a.m. Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight. Store in cool/dry place away from sunlight.
Valsartan
Diovan
Hypertension
Blocks binding of angio II to the ATI receptor. Found in many tissues.
Take w or w/o food. Best to admin without food for consistent plasma levels. When pregnancy is detected, discontinue asap. Store in cool/dry place away from sunlight/children. Dizziness may occur in the first few days of tx.
Valsartan/HCTZ
Diovan-HCT
Hypertension
Blocks binding of angio II to the ATI receptor. Found in many tissues. Hydro-inhibits reabsorption of sodium/chloride at the distal renal tubule.
May be admin w or w/o food. When pregnancy is detected , should be discontinued asap. Store in cool/dry place away from sunlight/children. Dizziness may occur first few days.