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20 Cards in this Set

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Hydrocodone
Medication Name: Hydrocodone bitartrate
Indications: opioid analgesic (narcotic w/o opium)
Containdications: previously exhibited hypersensitivity to hydrocodone or acetaminophen
Medication Form: Tablet
Dosage: Adult 1 to 2 500mg tablets q4h-q6h do not exceed 8 tablets in 24hrs
Administration: oral
Actions: inhibits prostaglandin synthetase
Side effect: light headed, dizziness, sedation, nausea, vomiting
Lexapro
Medication Name: escitalopram oxalate
Indications: treatment of major depressive disorder
Contraindications: monoamine oxidase inhibitors, hypersensitivity to escitalopram or citalopram
Medication Form: tablets and oral solution
Dosage: 10 mg qd
Administration: oral
Actions: inhibits CNS neuronal reuptake of serotonin
Side Effects: dose dependency, sexual dysfunction, migraine, heartburn, abdominal cramp, hot flushes
Vicodin
Medication Name: Hydrocodone bitartrate
Indications: opioid analgesic (narcotic w/o opium)
Containdications: previously exhibited hypersensitivity to hydrocodone or acetaminophen
Medication Form: Tablet
Dosage: Adult 1 to 2 500mg tablets q4h-q6h do not exceed 8 tablets in 24hrs
Administration: oral
Actions: inhibits prostaglandin synthetase
Side effect: light headed, dizziness, sedation, nausea, vomiting
Xanax
Medication Name: alprazolam
Indications: management of anxiety disorder, panic disorder
Contraindictions: sensitivity to benzodiazepines, acute narrow angle glaucoma, Ketaconazole, itraconazole
Medication Form: Tablets
Dosage: 4mg/day divided in 3-4 doses
Administration: oral
Actions: depress CNS, mild impairment of task performance to hypnosis
Side effects: drowsy, light headed, depression, headache, dry-mouth
Adderall
Medication Name: Adderall CII
Indications: Stablaize children with a behavioral syndrome ADHD or Narcolepsy
Contraindications: arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, hyper tension, hyper thryroidism, history of drug abuse, MAOI
Medication Form: tablets
Dosage: Narcolepsy 5 to 60 mg/day divided, ADHD 2.5 to 5 mg/day
Administration: oral
Actions: CNS stimulant, elevate BP, weak bronchodilator
Side effects: tachycardia, restlessness, dry mouth, Urticaria
Effexor
Medication Name: Effexor XR (venlafaxinehydrochloride)
Indications: major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder
Contraindications: concomitant use of MAOIs
Medication Form: extended release capsules
Dosage: single dose once a day w/ food Major Depressive 75 mg/day; Anxiety 75 mg/day- 225 mg/day; Social Anxiety 75-225 mg/day
Administration: oral
Actions: potent inhibitor of neuronal serotonin & norephinephrine reuptake
Side effects: sexualdysfunctions, constipation, insomnia, hypertension
Zoloft
Medication Name: Zoloft (sertraline hydrochloride)
Indications: major depressice, OCD, panic disorder, Posttraumatic Stress disorder (PTSD), Premenstrual Dysphoric (PMDD), Social Anxiety
Contraindications: concomitant MAOIs, Hypersensitivity to setraline, disulfiram
Medication Form: Tablets and oral concentrate
Dosage: MD/OCD 50 mg/day, PD/PTSD/SAD 25 mg/day, PMDD 50 mg/day
Administration: oral
Actions: inhibits CNS neuronal uptake of serotonin
Side Effects: sexual dysfunction, impotence, chest pain, apetite increased
Paxil
Medication Name: paroxetine hydrochloride
Indications: treatment for major depressive disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Contraindications: patients taking either monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) or thioridazine is contraindicated
Medication Form: Tablets or Oral Suspension
Dosage: Major Depressive Disorder- 20 to 50 mg/day; Obsessive Compulsive Disorder- 20 to 60 mg/day; Panic Disorder- 10 to 60 mg/day; Social Anxiety Disorder- 20 to 60 mg/day; Generalized Anxiety Disorder- 20 to 50 mg/day; Posttraumatic Stress Disorder- 20 to 50 mg/day
Administration: Orally
Actions: reduces the chemical imbalance in the brain
Side Effects: Somnolence, Insomnia, Agitation, Tremor, Anxiety, Dizziness, Constipation, Nausea, Diarrhea, Dry mouth, Vomiting, Flatulence, Asthenia, abnormal (ejaculation, Sweating, Impotence)
Wellbutrin
Medication Name: Zyban (bupropion hydrochloride)
Indications: aid to smoking cessation treatment
Contraindications: seizure disorder, bupropion, bulimia, anorexia, alcoholics, MADIS
Medication Form: Sustained Release Tablets
Dosage: 300 mg/day, given as 150mg bid
Administration: oral
Actions: mediated by noradrenergic and/or dopaminergic mechanisms
Side Effects: asthenia, fever, headache, vomiting, agitation, depression, irritability, urinary frequency
Bextra

REMOVED FROM THE US MARKET IN APRIL 2005
Medication Name: Valdecoxib
Indication: relief of the signs and symptom of osteoarthritis and adult rheumatoid arthitis, and for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea
Contraindications: should not be given to patients with allergic reactions to sulfonamides
Medication Form: tablet
Dosage: Osteoarthritis and adult rheumatoid arthritis- 10 mg/day; Primary Dysmenorrhea- 20 mg/twice a day as needed
Administration: orally
Actions:nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that exhibits anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties
Side Effects: back pain, edema peripheral, influenza-like symptoms, injury accidental, dizziness, headache, myalgia, upper respiratory tract infection.
Neurontin
Medication Name: Neurontin (Gabapentin)
Indications: management of postherpetic neuralgia & Epilepsy
Contraindications: hypersensitivity to drug
Medication Form: capsules, tablets, oral solution
Dosage: 1/2 scored 600 or 800 mg tablet, throw away after several days; Epilepsy- 900 to 1800 mg/dau divided into 3 doses
Administration: oral
Actions: prevents allodynia, hyperalgesia
Side Effects: dizziness, somnolence, peripheraledema
Lipitor
Medication Name: Lipitor (Atorvastatin Calcium)
Indications: prevent cardiovascular disease, Hypercholesterolemia
Contraindications: liver disease, unexplained persistent elevations of serum transaminases, pregnancy and lactation
Medication Form: tablets
Dosage: Hypercholesterolemia- 10-20 mg/qd; Pedi- 10 17 y.o. 10 mg/day
Administration: oral
Actions: competitive inhibitor of HMG-COA reductase a precursor of sterols including cholesterol.
Side Effects: constipation, flatulence, dyspepsia, abdominal pain
Percocet
Medication Name: Percocet (Oxycodone & Acetaminophen)
Indications: relief of moderate to mederately severe pain
Contraindications: hypersensitivity to oxycodone or acetaminophen
Medication Form: capsules and tablets
Dosage: 1 capsule or tablet q6h prn
Administration: oral
Actions: analgesia and sedation
Side Effects: light headedness, dizziness, sedation, nausea, vomiting, prominent in ambulatory patients, lying down alleviates side effects.
Oxycodone
Medication Name: Oxycontin (Oxycodone HCl) Schedule II, abuse liability similar to morphine
Indications: management of moderate to severe pain when around the clock analgesic is needed. NOT PRN
Contraindications: opioids contraindications, respiratory depression acute or severe bronchial asthma or hypercarbia, paralytic ileus
Medication Form: controlled release tablets
Dosage:160 mg/q12h
Administration: oral
Actions: repiratory depression by direct action on brain stem
Side Effects: respiratory depression, apnea, respiratory arrest.
Vioxx
Medication Name: Vioxx (rofecoxib)
Indications: oxtearthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, primary dysmenorrhea, migraine attacks
Contraindications: asthma, urticaria, allergies to aspirin or NSAIDs
Medication Form: Tablets and oral suspension
Dosage: 12.5-50 mg
Administration: oral
Actions: anti-inflammatory analgesics, inhibits prostaglandin
Side Effects: abdominal distension, angina pectoris, acid reflux
Valium
Medication Name: Valium (diazepam)
Indications: management of anxiety disorders, short-term relief of anxiety symptoms
Contraindications: acute narrow angle glaucoma, open angle glaucoma
Medication Form: Injectable
Dosage: 2mg to 20mg IM or IV
Administration: Intramuscular, Intravenous
Actions: Induces calming effects
Side Effects: drowsiness, fatigue, ataxia, venous thrombosis, phlebitis at site of injection
Naproxen
Medication Name: Naprosyn, Anaprox, (Naproxen)
Indications: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, spondylitis, tendonitis
Contraindications: asthma, urticarid, allergies to aspirin or NSAIDs, treatment if peri-operative pain in setting of coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Medication Form: delayed release tablets, tablets, sodium tablets, suspension
Dosage: 250-500 mg bid
Administration: oral
Actions: inhibits prostaglandid synthesis, analgesic
Side Effects: heartburn, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, dyspepsia, stomatitis
Tramadol
Medication Name: Ultran (Tramadol Hydrochloride)
Indications: management of moderate to moderately severe pain
Contraindications: acute intovication w/ alcohol, hypnotics, narcotics, centrally acting analgesics, opiodids, or psychotropic drugs
Medication Form: tablets
Dosage: 200 mg/day
Administration: oral
Actions: centrally acting opioid analgesics, inhibit reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine
Side Effects: psychic and physical dependence
Ambien
Medication Name: Ambien (Zolpidem)
Indications: short term treatment of insomnia
Contraindications: none known
Medication Form: tablets
Dosage: 10 mg immediately before bedtime
Administration: oral
Actions: hypnotic agent
Side Effects: asthenia, ataxia, confusion, euphoria, insomnia, vertigo
Morphine
Medication Name: Roxane, Roxanol (Morphine Sulfate)
Indications: relief of severe acute and severe chronic pain
Contraindications: respiratory insufficiency or depression, severe CNS depression, bronchial asthma, cardiac arrhythmias
Medication Form: Immediate release oral solution, and concentrate
Dosage: 10 to 30mg qth or as directed by physician
Administration: oral
Actions: agonist, interacts w/ stereospecific and saturable binding sites & receptors in the brain and other tissues
Side Effects: respiratory depression, circulatory depression, shock respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest