Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Allah
the god of Islam
Mecca
city in Saudi Arabia containing the Great Mosque of Islam
Islam
a religion marked by belief in Allah as the sole deity, in Muhammad as his prophet, and in the Koran
pilgrimage
a journey of a pilgrim; especially : one to a shrine or a sacred place
Arab
a member of the Semitic people of the Arabian Peninsula ; a member of an Arabic-speaking people
prophet
one who declares publicly a message that one believes has come from God or a god
mosque
a Muslim place of worship
Kaaba
a small stone building in the court of the Great Mosque at Mecca that contains a sacred black stone and is the point toward which Muslims turn in praying
Medina
city in Saudi Arabia
Hegira
the Hegira, flight of Muhammad from Mecca in A.D. 622, literally, flight
: a journey especially when undertaken to escape from a dangerous or undesirable situation : EXODUS
caliph
an important Muslim political and religious leader -- used as a title
jihad
a holy war waged on behalf of Islam as a religious duty
Moorish
(adj.) one of a North African people that conquered Spain in the 8th century and ruled until 1492
mihrab
a niche or chamber in a mosque indicating the direction of Mecca
minaret
a tall slender tower of a mosque with a balcony from which the people are called to prayer
mimbar
a pulpit in a mosque from which the sermon is delivered
Taj Mahal
Islamic tomb in India
arabesque
an ornament or style of decoration that uses outlines of flowers, leaves, branches, or fruit and sometimes animal and human figures to produce a pattern of lines that cross over one another
Sunni
the Muslims of the branch of Islam that follows the orthodox tradition
Shiah
the Muslims of the branch of Islam comprising sects believing in Ali and the Imams as the only rightful successors of Muhammad and in the concealment and messianic return of the last recognized Imam