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32 Cards in this Set

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Anthropologists
Person who studies the science of human beings and especially of their physical characteristics, their origin, their environment and social relations, and their culture
Archaeologists
the science that deals with past human life as shown by fossil relics and the monuments and tools left by ancient peoples
Artifacts
a usually simple object (as a tool or ornament) showing human work and representing a culture or a stage in the development of a culture
Barter economy
A barter economy is an economy that lacks a commonly accepted currency, so all exchanges must be made with goods and services because money does not exist in these economies
Buddhism
a religion of eastern and central Asia growing out of the teaching of Gautama Buddha
Caste system
Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on classifications such as occupation, race, ethnicity, etc
Census
a counting of the population (as of a country, city, or town) and a gathering of related statistics done by a government every so often
Christianity
Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on Jesus of Nazareth and his life, death, resurrection, and teachings as presented in the New Testament
City states
A city-state (what the Greeks called a polis, which is where our word politics comes from) is like a very small country, with just one city in it. There are still some city-states in the world today, like Monaco or Luxembourg. But in antiquity and the Middle Ages, city-states were very common.They might have any of a number of different forms of government.
Civilization
a : an advanced stage (as in art, science, and government) of social development b : the way of life of a people
Colonization
: to establish a colony in or on <England colonized Australia>
2 : to establish in a colony <the rights of colonized people>
3 : to settle in a colony
Domestication
to adapt to living with human beings and to serving their purposes
Epics
a long poem telling of the deeds of a hero and often centering on the ideals of a nation or culture
Feudal system
The feudal system was a way of government based on obligations between the lord or king and vassal
Geologists
A person who studies the science that deals with the history of the earth and its life especially as recorded in rocks
Hinduism
a body of social, cultural, and religious beliefs and practices native to the Indian subcontinent
Historians
a student or writer of history
Impact
to have a strong effect on <volcanic ash impacted weather conditions worldwide>
Irrigation
an act or process of supplying with water by artificial means
Islam
a religion marked by belief in Allah as the sole deity, in Muhammad as his prophet, and in the Koran
2 a : the civilization erected upon Islamic faith b : the modern nations in which Islam is the dominant religion
Judaism
a religion developed among the ancient Hebrews that stresses belief in one God and faithfulness to the laws of the Old Testament
2 : the beliefs and practices of the Jews
Merchant/trader
a buyer and seller of goods for profit; especially : one who carries on trade on a large scale or with foreign countries, a person who trades
Migration
the act or an instance of passing from one region or climate to another usually on a regular schedule for feeding or breeding
Monarchy
a form of government having a chief of state who inherits the position, rules for life, and holds powers varying from very limited to total
Nomadic
a member of a people that has no fixed home but wanders from place to place
Oligarchy
a government in which a small group exercises control; also : a group exercising such control
Philosophy
the study of the basic ideas about knowledge, truth, right and wrong, religion, and the nature and meaning of life
Prehistory
the study of prehistoric man
Republics
a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch and who is usually a president
2 : a government in which supreme power belongs to the citizens through their right to vote
Romance language
The Romance languages, a major branch of the Indo-European language family, comprise all languages that descended from Latin, the language of the Roman Empire
Theocracy
government of a country by officials believed to have divine guidance
Trend
to extend in a general direction
2 : to show a tendency