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27 Cards in this Set

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Affix
a letter or a group of letters attached to the beginning or end of a word that serves to produce a derivative word or an inflectional form
Almanac
a book containing a calendar of days, weeks, and months and usually facts about the rising and setting of the sun and moon, changes in the tides, and information of general interest
Analogy (part to whole/function)
resemblance in some details between things otherwise unlike
part to whole – in which one word is a part or piece of the other, as in ARM : BODY
function - Metaphor, that image which determines another image
Appositive
An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it.
Caption (determine function)
A caption is a concise and descriptive bit of text that labels a picture, chart, or table.
Chronology
Chronology is the science of locating events in time. An arrangement of events, from either earliest to latest or the reverse, is also called a chronology or, particularly when involving graphical elements, a timeline.
Clause (dependent/independent)
Clause – In grammar, a clause is a word or group of words ordinarily consisting of a subject and a predicate
Dependent – A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought
Independent - An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought
Common feature
A part or detail that normally appears in a type of literature
Criticism
any of various methods of studying texts or documents for the purpose of dating or reconstructing them, evaluating their authenticity, analyzing their content or style, etc.: historical criticism; literary criticism.
Dialect (introduction)
Linguistics. a variety of a language that is distinguished from other varieties of the same language by features of phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, and by its use by a group of speakers who are set off from others geographically or socially.
Edit
to supervise or direct the preparation of (a newspaper, magazine, book, etc.); serve as editor of; direct the editorial policies of.
2. to collect, prepare, and arrange (materials) for publication.
3. to revise or correct, as a manuscript.
4. to expunge; eliminate (often fol. by out): The author has edited out all references to his own family.
5. to add (usually fol. by in).
Literal vs. figurative
Literal - in accordance with, involving, or being the primary or strict meaning of the word or words; not figurative or metaphorical: the literal meaning of a word.
2. following the words of the original very closely and exactly: a literal translation of Goethe.
Figurative - of the nature of or involving a figure of speech, esp. a metaphor; metaphorical; not literal: a figurative expression.
2. metaphorically so called: His remark was a figurative boomerang.
3. abounding in or fond of figures of speech: Elizabethan poetry is highly figurative.
Log
Nautical. any of various devices for determining the speed of a ship, as a chip log or patent log.
4. any of various records, made in rough or finished form, concerning a trip made by a ship or aircraft and dealing with particulars of navigation, weather, engine performance, discipline, and other pertinent details; logbook.
Mythology
a body of myths, as that of a particular people or that relating to a particular person: Greek mythology.
2. myths collectively.
3. the science or study of myths.
4. a set of stories, traditions, or beliefs associated with a particular group or the history of an event, arising naturally or deliberately fostered:
Oral tradition
Oral tradition or oral culture is a way of transmitting history, literature or law from one generation to the next in a civilization without a writing system.
Paraphrase
a way of stating something (as a written work) again by giving the meaning in different words
Phrases (adj., adv., prep., inf., etc.)
Phrase – a group of two or more words that express a single idea but do not form a complete sentence
Adjective phrase – An adjective phrase modifies a noun or a pronoun and answers the questions: which one, what kind, how many, and whose.
Adverb phrase – An adverb prepositional phrase modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverbPrepositional phrase – A prepositional phrase is a group of words beginning with a preposition and usually ending with a noun or a pronoun
Infinitive phrase - An infinitive is a verb form, usually preceded by to, that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
Plagiarism
The act of stealing and passing off (as the ideas or words of another) as one's own <plagiarized a classmate's homework>
Poetic element (e.g., rhyme, rhythm, and figurative language
Rhyme - close similarity in the final sounds of two or more words or lines of verse b : one of two or more words having this similarity in sound
Rhythm – a flow of rising and falling sounds in language that is produced in verse by a regular repeating of stressed and unstressed syllables
Figurative language – Figurative language or speech contains images. The writer or speaker describes something through the use of unusual comparisons, for effect, interest, and to make things clearer. The result of using this technique is the creation of interesting images.
Point of view (1st, 3rd limited, and 3rd omniscient)
1st person – First person narration is used somewhat less frequently. The first-person point of view sacrifices omniscience and omnipresence for a greater intimacy with one character. It allows the reader to see what the focus character is thinking
3rd person limited – s style of narrator is similar to the first person narrator, except for the notable use of the third person pronouns, he, she and it. The character is not the narrator.
3rd person omniscient - An omniscient narrator, as in more limited third-person forms, is also disembodied; it takes no actions and has no physical form in or out of the story. But, being omniscient, it witnesses all events, even some that no characters witness.
Propaganda devices
Propaganda devices usually appeal to emotions rather than to reason. Types of propaganda are name calling, glittering generalities, transfer or association, testimonial, identification or “plain folks”, bandwagon, and card stacking
Proverb
a simple and concrete saying popularly known and repeated, which expresses a truth based on common sense or the practical experience of mankind.
Relevant/irrelevant
Relevant - having something to do with the matter being considered
Irrelevant - not relevant : not applicable or pertinent
Rephrasing
Expressing ideas in different ways
than the original work
Stress
to pronounce with stress <stress the last syllable>
Tabloid
a newspaper about half the page size of an ordinary newspaper containing short often sensational news stories and many photographs
Textual features
Items in the text such as chapter titles, headings and subheadings, parts of books including index, appendix, table of contents, and online tools (search engines) to locate information.