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32 Cards in this Set

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autocracy
Pronunciation: o-'täk-r&-sE
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural -cies
: government in which one person has unlimited power
conservation
Pronunciation: "kän(t)-s&r-'vA-sh&n
Function: noun
: a careful preservation and protection of something; especially : planned management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, pollution, destruction, or neglect
contemporary
Pronunciation: k&n-'tem-p&-"rer-E
Function: adjective
1 : living or occurring at the same period of time
2 : of the present time : MODERN, CURRENT
deforestation
Pronunciation: (")dE-"for-&-'stA-sh&n, -"fär-
Function: noun: the action or process of clearing an area of forests; also : the state of having been cleared of forests
- de•for•est /(')dE-'for-&st, -'fär-/ verb
demographics
Numbers relating to the statistical study of human populations
depression
an economic condition marked by drastic decline in production and sales and a severe increase in unemployment
dictatorship
form of government in which a ruler holds power by force
drought
Variant(s): also drouth /'draut, 'drauth/
Function: noun
: a long period of dry weather
- droughty /-E/ adjective
Economic system
Pronunciation: "ek-&-'näm-ik, "E-k&-
Function: adjective
1 a : of or relating to the science of economics <economic theories> b : of, relating to, or based on the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services <economic growth>
2 : having practical or industrial uses : affecting material resources <economic pests>
estuary
Pronunciation: 'es-ch&-"wer-E
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural -ar•ies
: a passage where the tide meets a river current; especially : an arm of the sea at the lower end of a river
- es•tu•a•rine /'es-ch&-w&-"rIn/ adjective
exploration
1 a : the act of searching through : look into <exploring new ideas> b : going into or traveling over for purposes of discovery or adventure <explore a cave> <explore the moon> c : examining carefully and in detail especially in order to make a diagnosis <explore a wound>
2 : making a careful search <explore for oil>
famine
Pronunciation: 'fam-&n
Function: noun
1 : an extreme general shortage of food
2 : a great shortage
fjord
Variant(s): also fiord /fE-'ord/
Function: noun
Etymology: Norwegian
: a narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes
Global warming
warming is the observed increase in the average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans in recent decades and its projected continuation.
Growth rate
an expression of the increase in size of an organic object per unit of time.
immigration
Pronunciation: 'im-&-"grAt
Function: verb
Inflected Form(s): -grat•ed; -grat•ing
: to come into a foreign country to live
- im•mi•gra•tion /"im-&-'grA-sh&n/ noun
Infant mortality
The death rate of infants
inflation
an economic condition in which prices rise substantially over a significant period of time
international
Pronunciation: "int-&r-'nash-n&l, -&n-&l
Function: adjective
1 : of, relating to, affecting, or involving two or more nations <international trade>
2 : active, known, or reaching beyond national boundaries <an international reputation>
- in•ter•na•tion•al•ly /-'nash-n&-lE, -&n-&l-E/ adverb
lagoon
Pronunciation: l&-'gün
Function: noun
: a shallow channel or pond near or connected with a larger body of water
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement
Non-renewable
NOT capable of being replaced by natural ecological cycles or sound management procedures <renewable resources like water, wildlife, forests, and grasslands>
occupation
Pronunciation: "äk-y&-'pA-sh&n
Function: noun
1 : one's business or profession
2 : the taking possession and control of an area <occupation of a conquered country>
oppression
Pronunciation: &-'presh-&n
Function: noun
1 : cruel or unjust use of authority or power
phenomena
Pronunciation: fi-'näm-&-"nän, -n&n
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural phenome•na /-n&, -"nä /; or -nons
1 plural phenomena : an observable fact or event
2 : a fact, feature, or event of scientific interest
3 a : a rare or important fact or event b plural phenomenons : an exceptional, unusual, or abnormal person or thing
Political system
A political system is a social system of politics and government. It is usually compared to the law system, economic system, cultural system, and other social systems
recession
an economic condition characterized by a mild increase in unemployment and a moderate decline in production and sales
renewable
Pronunciation: ri-'n(y)ü-&-b&l
Function: adjective
1 : capable of being renewed
2 : capable of being replaced by natural ecological cycles or sound management procedures <renewable resources like water, wildlife, forests, and grasslands>
Resource allocation
In strategic planning, a resource-allocation decision is a plan for using available resources, for example human resources, especially in the near term, to achieve goals for the future.
scarcity
Pronunciation: 'sker-s&t-E, 'skar-
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural -ties
: the quality or state of being scarce : a very small supply
thematic
Pronunciation: 'thEm
Function: noun
1 a : a subject for a work of literature, art, or music <guilt and punishment is the theme of the story> b : a specific and distinctive quality, characteristic, or concern <the house was decorated in a country theme>
2 : a written exercise : COMPOSITION
topography
Pronunciation: t&-'päg-r&-fE
Function: noun
1 : the art or practice of showing on maps or charts the heights and depths of the features of a place
2 : the shape and height and depth of the features of a place