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### 24 Cards in this Set

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 cardinal number The numbers 1, 2, 3, . . . as well as some types of infinity. Cardinal numbers are used to describe the number of elements in either finite or infinite sets Chance The unknown and unpredictable element in happenings that seems to have no assignable cause. Decreasing pattern A function with a graph that moves downward as it is followed from left to right. For example, any line with a negative slope is decreasing. difference The result of subtracting two numbers or expressions. For example, the difference between 7 and 12 is 12 – 7, which equals 5. Distance The length of the shortest segment from a given point to a given line. Foot (measurement) a linear unit of length equal to 12 inches or a third of a yard Geometric shapes Recognizably named areas based figures on straight lines, angles and curves such as square, circle, triangle, etc.. Height the vertical dimension of extension; distance from the base of something to the top Increasing pattern A function with a graph that goes up as it is followed from left to right. For example, any line with a positive slope is increasing. Length the linear extent in space from one end to the other; the longest horizontal dimension of something that is fixed in place model model n. A small object, usually built to scale, that represents in detail another, often larger object. Numeric pattern Patterns using integers Ordinal number Numerical words that indicate order. The ordinal numbers are: first, second, third, fourth, etc Outcome A single, specific possible result of an experiment Pattern extension A model or original used as an archetype transferred to other concepts Second (time) unit of time equal to one sixtieth of a minute set a group or collection of objects or numbers, considered as an entity unto itself Standard measurement accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or quality against which others are judged or measured or compared Symmetry an attribute of a shape or relation; exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane Table set of data arranged in rows and columns Time interval definite length of time marked off by two instants Whole number an integer which has 1 or more units and can be positive or negative width the extent of something from side to side