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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Function: Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration in sites where protection is not important; secretes lubriciating substances in serosae

Location: Kidney glomeruli; air sacs of lungs; lining of heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels; lining of ventral body cavity (serosae).
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Function: Secretion and absorption.

Location: Kidney tubules; ducts and secretory portions of small glands; ovary surface.
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Function: Absorption; secretion of mucus, enzymes ad other substances; ciliated type propels mucus (or reproductive cells) by ciliary action

Location: Nonciliated type lines most of the digestive tract (stomach to anal canal), gallbladder, and excreteory ducts of some glands, ciliated variety lines small bronchi, uterine tubes, and some regions of the uterus.
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
Function: Secretion, particularly of mucus; propulsion of mucus by ciliary action

Location: Nonciliated type in male's sperm-carrying ducts and ducts of large glands; ciliated variety lines the trachea, most of the upper respiratory tract.
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Funcion: Protects underlying tissues in areas subjected to abrasion.

Location: Nonkeratinized type forms the moist lining of the esophags, mouth, and vagina; keratinized variety forms the epidermis
Transitional Epithelium
Function: Stretches readily and permits distension of urinary organ by contained urine

Location: Lines the ureters, bladder, and part of the urethra
Connective tissue proper: loose connective tissue, areolar
Function: wraps and cushions organs; its macrophages phagocytize bacteria; plays important role in inflammation; holds and conveys tissue fluid.

location: under epithelia, packages organs, surrounds capillaries
Connective tissue proper: loose connective tissue, adipose
Function: Provides reserve food fuel; insulates aginst heat loss; supports and protects organs.

Location: Under skin, around kidneys, within abdomen, in breats
Connective tissue proper; loose connective tissue, reticular
Fnctions: fibersr form a soft internal skeleton (stroma) that suppors other cell types including white blood cells, mast cells, and macrophages

Location: LYmphoid organs (lymph nodes, bone marrow, and spleen)
Connective tissue proper; dense connective tissue, dense regular
Function: Attaches muscles to bones or to muscles, attaches bones to bones; withsatnds great tensile stress when pulling force is applied in one direction.

Location: Tendons, most ligaments, aponeuroses.
Connective tissue proper: dense connective tissue, dense irregular
Function: able to withsand tension exerted in many directions; provides structural strength

Location: Dermis of the skin; submucosa of dgestive tract; fibrous capsules of organs and of joints.
Cartilage: hyaline
Function: Supports and reinforces;has resilient cushioning properties; resists compressive stress

Location: Forms most of the embryonic skeleton; covers the ends of long bones in joint cavities; forms costal cartilages of the ribs; cartilages of the nose, trachea and larynx
Cartilage: elastic
Function: Maintains the shape of a structure while allowing great flexibilty.

Location: Supports the external ear, epiglottis
Cartilage: fibrocartilage
Function: Tensile strength with the ability to absorb compressive shock.

Location: Intervertebral joins pubic sympyhsis, discs of knee joint.
Bone (osseous tissue)
Function: bone supports and protects, provides levers for the muscles to act on, stores cacium and other minerals and fat

Location: bones
Function: Transport of respiratory gaes, nutrients, wastes, and other substances.

Location: contained within blood vessels
Nervous tissue
Function: Transmit electrical signals from sensory to effector

Location: brain, spinal, cord, and nerves
Skeletal muscle
Function: voluntary movement,

Location: in skeletal muscle attached to bones or occasionally to skin
Cardiac muscle
Function ast it contracts, it propels blood into the circulation

Location: the walls of the heart
Smooth muscle
Function; propels substances or objects, along internal passagewways (peristalsis)

location: mostly in the walls of hollow organs