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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What were the three germ layers formed in early human development?
Ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm.
What are the four types of tissues?
Epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous.
What are the seven different epithelial tissues found in humans?
Simple squamous epithelium

Simple cuboidal epithelium

Simple columnar epithelium

Stratified squamous epithelium

Stratified cuboidal epithelium

Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

Stratified columnar epithelium
Where are simple squamous epithelium cells found?
Lining blood vessels and lung air sacs.
Where are simple cuboidal epithelium cells found?
Kindey tubules and many glands (e.g. sweat glands)
Where are simple columnar epithelium cells found?
Lining on stomach, small intestine, large intestine.
Where are stratified squamous epithelium cells found?
Epidermis of skin and lining of esophagus.
Where are straified cuboidal epithelium cells found?
Lining of uretar and urinary bladder (a.k.a. transitional epithelium)
Where are pseudostratified columnar epithelium cells found?
Common in lining of respiratory track, like nose and lungs.
Where are stratified columnar epithelium cells found?
Lining of larynx, epididymis, and mammary gland ducts.
What are two types of connective tissues?
Fibrous connective tissues and specialized connective tissues.
What are two types of fibrous connective tissues? Describe them.
Areolar or loose connective tissue- found around blood vessels, nerves, and body organs. Serves as packing material.

Dense connective tissue- found in tendons, ligaments, and dermis of skin.
What are four types of specialized connective tissues? Describe each.
Adipose tissue- stores fat.

Cartilage- firmer than adipose tissue. Two types.

Bone- rigid supporting tissue arranged into Haversian systems.

Blood- fluid type of connective tissue.
What are the two types of cartilage? Describe each.
Hyaline cartilage- rubbery, jelly-like. Found in nose, trachea, bronchi, and articular surfaces of bone.

Elastic cartilage- short elastic fibers. Found in ear, epiglottis, and larynx.
What are the parts in a Haversian system?
Matrix- concentric rings (lamellae)

Osteocytes- bone cells that lie in spaces called lacunae

Haversian canal and canaliculi- passages containing blood vessels and nerves
What are the three common living cells found in blood?
Erythrocytes (red blood cells)

Leucocytes (white blood cells)

What are three types of muscular tissues?
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth