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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
long-term deprivation of affection effects
1. decreased muscle tone
2. poor language skills
3. poor socialization skills
4. lack of basic trust
5. anaclitic depression
6. weight loss
7. physical illness
what can be seen in a well-child exam of an affection deprived child?
4 W's
Weak, Wordless, Wanting, Wary
collagen defect in ehlors-danlos
collagen type III
causes of bloody diarrhea
-yersinia enterolitica
-antamoeba histolytica
use of MacConkey's
lactose is KEE
-lactose-fermenting enteric bacteria grow pink colonies
-test with macConKEES
Citrobacter, Klebsiella, E.coli, Enterobacter, Serratia e. coli
most common primary cardiac tumor in adults
myxomas (in left atrium)
-ball-valve obstruction
-associated with multiple syncopal episodes
most common primary cardiac tumor in children
-associated with tuberous sclerosis
right lower quadrant pain in 17 year old female with rebound tenderness, nausea, and vomitting: what must be ruled out
pregnancy - use beta-HCG
what type of skin cancer is associated with arsenic exposure
squamous cell skin cancer
causes of metabolic acidosis with elevated anion gap
-diabetic ketoacidosis
-iron tablets of INH
-lactic acidosis
-ethylene glycol
von geirke's disease
one, sever fasting hypoglycemia, increased glycogen in liver, increase blood lactate, hepatosplenomegaly
enzyme deficiency in von geirke's
pompe's disease
two, cardiomegaly and systemic findings leading to early death
enzyme deficiency in pompe's disease
lysosomal alpha 1,4 glucosidase (acid maltase)
cori's disease
milder form of type I with normal blood lactate levels
enzyme deficiency in cori's disease
debranching enzyme (alpha, 1, 6 glucosidase)
mcArdle's disease
five, increase glycogen in muscle, but cannot break it down, leading to painful muscle cramps, myoglobinuria with strenuous activity
enzyme deficiency of mcArdle's
skeletal muscle glycogen phosphorylase
treatment for gram negative rods in patients with renal insufficiency
aztreonam (inhibits cell wall synthesis)
big gun treatment effective in gram positive cocci, gram negative rods, and anaerobes
imipenum, cilastin
prophylaxis in AIDS patients against p. jiroveci pneumonia
TMP-SMX (bactrim)
used as solo prophylaxis against TB
prophylaxis for those exposed to someone with meningococcus meningitis
cirpoflaxin is drug of choice, also rifampin and minoclycin
treats both hypertension and BPH
alpha 1 selective antagonists
BPH versus prostate cancer rectal findings
BPH has nodular enlargement of periurethral/lateral and middle lobes

cancer forms in posterior lobe of prostate
primary hyperaldosteronism
-due to adrenal hyperplasia or aldosterone-secreting adrenal adenoma (conn's syndrome)
-see hypertension, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, low plasma renin
-uni or bilateral
secondary hyperaldosteronism
-kidney perception of low intravascular volume results in an overactive RAAS
-due to renal artery stenosis, chronic renal failure, CHF, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome
-see high plasma renin
partial detachment of placenta is called
abruptio placentae
common causes of DIC
STOP Making New Thrombi::
Sepsis (gram negative)
Obstetric complications
acute Pancreatitis
Nephrotic syndrome
DIC mechanism
widespread activation of clotting leads to a deficiency in clotting factors creating a bleeding state
what is BNP and why is it useful in HF
brain natrietic peptide secreted by ventricles of heart in response to excessive stretching of heart muscle cells

normal level rules out HF and can be used for screening or prognosis purposes
what are omega 3 fatty acids and what are their current clinical applications
-docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
-eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
-alpha-linolenis acid (ALA)

-lowers triglycerides
-decreases risk of death, heart attack, dangerous abnormal heart rhythms and strokes
-slows build up of atherosclerotic plaques, and decreases blood pressure slightly