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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prominent Cervical Vertebrae
C7 Spinous Process
Tuffiers Line
Highest points of Iliac Crest
Used For Lumbar Puncture
7 Processes of a typical vertebra
1. left and right superior articular processes
2. left and right inferior artcular processes
3. spinous process
4. left and right Transverse Processes
Articulation between superior and inferior articular processes
facet joints or zygapophyseal joints
primary curvature of spine
due to the vertebrae
secondary curvature of the spine
due to the intervertebral discs
Scoliosis
abnoral spinal curvature due to hemivertebra causing improper stacking
Kyphosis
exaggeration of thoracic convexity posteriorly
Lordosis
exaggeration of lumbar convexity forward
What is unique about cervical vertebra?
Presence of transverse foramen
What passes through the transverse foramen?
Vertebral Artery- C1-C6
Unique feature of caucasian cervical spinou processes
bifid
Uncinate Processes
Locking of cervical vertebral "lips" providing extra support
C1
Atlas
C2
Axis
Median Sacral crest
Caused by the fusion of spinous processes in the 5 sacral vertebrae.
Lateral Sacral Crest
Cused by the fusion of the transverse processes in the 5 sacral vertebrae.
Ala
Wings or ears of the sacrum
cocyx
4 fused vertebrae
Sacral Hiatus
Opening between S4 and S5 Allows for epidural block
ALL
Anterior Longitudinal Ligament Runs from the sacrum to the base of skull
PLL
Posterior Longitudinal Ligament- Runs from the sacrum to the base of the skull
Tectoral Membrane
Articulation of the skull with the PLL
Ligamentum Flavum
Located on the underside of the lamina
2 Portions of IV Discs
1. Anulus Fibrosis- Cartlaginous
2. Nucleus Pulposus- Central Hydrated Portion (Causes herniation)
Innervation of facet (zygapophyseal) joints
Spinal Nerves (Dorsal Rami)
Spina Bifida Occulta
Spinal Cord Lies outside of the spinal Canal
Spondylolisthesis
Bad Spot forms on the pars inner articulris (b/w articualr processes), fractures and causes L5 to slide off of Sacrum
Lumbodorsal Fibrosa
Innervated by a spinal nerve
Superficial Muscles of the Back
Not innervated by dorsal primary rami
List Superficial Muscles of the Back
1. Latissimus Dorsi
2. Rhomboid Major
3. Rhomboid Minor
4. Trapezius
5. Levator Scapulae
6. Serratus Posterior Superior
7. Serratus Posterior Inferior
Native (Deep) Muscles of the Back
Innervated by nerves from the primar dorsal rami
Trapezius
1. Spinal Acessory Nerve (Cranial Nerve XI)
2. Transverse Cervical Artery
Latissimus Dorsi
1. Ventral Rami (Thoracodorsal Nerve)
2. Axillary Artery
Rhomboids
1. Ventral Rami
Have Proprioceptive quality rather than a motor quality
Serratus Posterior Inferior/superior
1. Ventral Rami
Triangle of Auscultation
1. Latissimus Dorsi
2. Trapezius
3. Scapula/ Rhomboid Major
Triangle of Petit
1. Latissimus Dorsi
2. External Abdominal Oblique
3. Iliac Crest
Splenius Capitus
Innervated by Dorsal Rami fromthe spinal nerve

Helps toextend the neck
Erector Spinae Group
Iliocostalis
Longissimus
spinalis

(I love spaghetti)
Transversospinalis Group
Rotatores
Multifidus
Semispinalis