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88 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rectus Femoris
Proximal Attachment
AIIS
Illium superior to acetabulu
Rectus Femoris
Distal Attachment
Quadriceps tendon
Rectus Femoris
Innervation
Femoral nerve
Rectus Femoris
Action
Extends leg at knee
Stabilizes the hip joint
Assists Iliopsoas flex thigh
Tensor Fascia Lata
Proximal Attachment
ASIS
Anterior part of iliac crest
Tensor Fascia Lata
Distal Attachment
IT band to lateral condyle of tibia
Tensor Fascia Lata
Innervation
Superior gluteal nerve
Tensor Fascia Lata
Action
ABD and medially rotates thigh
Tightens so glutes and thigh muscles can act effectively
Femoral Triangle
Superior
Ingunial Ligament
Femoral Triangle
Lateral
Sartorius
Femoral Triangle
Medial
Adductor Longus
Femoral Triangle
Floor
Pectinius
Iliopsoas
Femoral Triangle
Roof
Fascia lata
Subcutaneous tissue
Skin
Femoral Triangle
Contents
NAVL
Femoral and Deep inguinal lymph nodes
Femoral Sheath
Femoral artery and vein
Lateral and Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery
From deep artery of the thigh
Pectineus
Distal Attachment
Pectineal line inferior to the lesser trochanter
Pectineus
Proximal Attachment
Superior pubic ramus
Pectineus
Innervation
Femoral nerve
Pectineus
Action
Adducts and flexes thigh
Some medial rotation
Sartorius
Proximal Attachment
ASIS
Superior part of notch below ASIS
Sartorius
Distal Attachment
Superior part of medial tibia
Sartorius
Innervation
Femoral Nerve
Sartorius
Action
Flexes, abducts and laterally rotates thigh
Flexes knee
Adductor Longus
Proximal Attachment
Body of pubis inferior to pubic crest
Adductor Longus
Distal Attachment
Middle 1/3 of linea aspera
Adductor Longus
Innervation
Obturator Nerve
Adductor Longus
Action
Adduct the thigh
Adductor Brevis
Proximal Attachment
Body and inferior ramus of the pubis
Adductor Brevis
Distal Attachment
Pectineal line
Proximal linea aspera
Adductor Brevis
Innervation
Obturator Nerve
Adductor Brevis
Action
Adduct thigh
(some flexions)
Adductor Magnus
Proximal Attachment
A: Inferior pubic ramus
Ischial ramus

H: ischial tuberosity
Adductor Magnus
Distal Attachment
A: Gluteal tuberosity
Linea aspera
medial supracondylar line

H: adductor tubercles of femur
Adductor Magnus
Innervation
Obturator nerve

Tibial sciatic nerve
Adductor Magnus
Action
Adducts thigh
Flexes thigh
Extends thigh
Illiopsoas
Distal attachment
Lesser trochanter
Illiopsoas
Innervation
Ventral rami L1, L2, L3
Illiopsoas
Action
Flex thigh
Stabilize hip joint
Vastus Medialus
Proximal Attachment
Intertrochanter line
Medial lip of linea aspera
Vastus Medialus
Distal Attachment
Patellar tendon
Patella and tibia via medial aponeurosis
Vastus Medialus
Innervation
Femoral nerve
Quadriceps Action
Extend leg at Knee
Vastus Lateralus
Proximal Attachment
Greater trochanter
Lateral lip of linea aspera
Vastus Lateralus
Distal Attachmet
Patellar tendon
Patella and tibia via lateral aponeurosis
Gracilis
Proximal Attachment
Body and inferior ramus of pubis
Gracilis
Distal Attachment
Superior medial aspect of tibia
Gracilis
Innervation
Obturator
Gracilis
Action
Adduction
flex leg
some medial rotation
Obturator Externus
Proximal Attachment
Margins of obturator foramen
Obturator membrane
Obturator Externus
Distal Attachment
Trochanteric fossa
Obturator Externus
Innervation
Obturator
Obturator Externus
Action
Lateral rotation
Steadies head of femur
Vastus Intermedius
Proximal Attachment
Anterior and lateral surface of shaft of femur
Vastus Intermedius
Distal Attachment
Patellar tendon
Vastus Intermedius
Innervation
Femoral nerve
Vastus Intermedius
Action
Extend leg at knee
Femoral artery origin
from external iliac artery
Course of femoral artery
through Fem. triangle
through adductor canal
through adductor hiatus
becomes popliteal artery
Hole in top of femur head
fovea (for the ligament of the head of the femur and blood vessles)
Post. line down shaft of femur
Linea Aspera
Attachments for adductors
Inferior split of Linea Aspera
Lateral and Medial supracondylar line
Alignment of greater trochanter
Greater trochanter, middle of head of femur to pubic tubrecule
Intertrochanteric Line
Anterior, where neck and shaft meet.
Attachment of Iliofemoral ligament
Intertrochanteric Crest
Posterior btwn two trochanters
Shape of Shaft of femur
Bowed, convex, anteriorly
Gluteal tuberosity
Bump at top top of lateral lip of linea aspera.
Pectineal line
Medial linea aspera up to the lesser trochanter
Adductor Tubercle
Medial, above medial epicondyle.
Attachment of Add. Magnus
Completes the sphere of the acetabulum
Transverse acetabular ligament
2 parts of hip joint capsule
Fibrous capsule on outside and synovial capsule on inside
Thickened parts of hip capsule
Ligaments- allow for flexion but limit the degree of hip extension
Dislocation of pelvis
Legs crossed in car accident
Coxa Vara vs. Valga
Angle of acetabulum and femur= 125
Vara- small angle, knocked knees
Valga- big angle, bow legged
Iliofemoral ligament
AIIS and rim of acetabulum to intertrochanteric line.
Y shaped.
Lat- restricts add
Med- restricts lat rotation
ischiofemoral Ligament
Acetabular rim to neck of femur and base of greater trochanger
Pubofemoral ligament
acetabular rim and iliopubic eminence to medial part of fibrous capsule
Restricts abd and ext
Ligament of head of femur
doesn't limit and movement
Intermuscular septa
From deep fascia of abs and attaches to Linea Aspera
Adductor canal
Anterior
Sartorius
Adductor Canal
Posterior and Medial
Adductor longus and magnus
Adductor Canal
Lateral
Vastus medialis
Adductor Canal
Contents
Saphenous Nerve
Femoral Artery and Vein- to adductor hiatus
Artery to supply post thigh
Deep Profunda Artery from Femoral
Wraps around femur
superficial iliac circumflex
Artery around hip joint
genicular vessels
Arteries around knee joint
Femoral circumflex arteries
wrap around neck of femur
Great saphenous vein
Ant. to medial malleolus....all the way up to popliteal fossa to groin to femoral vein