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16 Cards in this Set

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Define Neutrality
Therapist does not take sides-balance of positive and negative forces.
Encouraging independence vs. dependence-even in domestic abuse cases is not being neutral.
Define Transference
Patient trasfers onto the analyst feelings that were previously directed to another object
Angry feelings toward mother are directed toward analyst
Define Resistance
Patient rejects, denies, or otherwise opposes the therapeutic efforts of a psychotherapist
Making excuses, blaming, not wanting to change
Define Repetition Compulsion
An unconscious drive to perform behaviors over and over
Woman attracted to abusive men and stating that she does not understand why all men are abusive
Define Drive theory
The theory of drives, motivations, or instincts, that have clear objects, including what Freud called Eros and Thanatos, the drives toward Life and Death (Id, Ego, Super Ego)
eating maintains life is the Eros and the chewing (aggression) is the Thanatos
Define Primary Process
Id-unconscious force that is present from birth-follows pleasure principle-No awareness of outside world
Animal nature-drive to reproduce, sexual urges, fantasy
Define Secondary Process
Ego-conscious force that mediates between the outside world and instincts and drives
Develop plans for satisfying needs, think logically, providing restraint
Define Pleasure Principle
Unconscious drive towards pleasure and the avoidance of pain
Fantasies that appear in dreams
Define Defense Mechanisms
unconscious denial or distortion of reality used to cope with anxiety
Projection
Repression
Denial
Intellectualization
Define Object Relations
A study of significant others in the child's life-focusing on how the child views relationships
Infant views mom and self as one-infant learns to explore surroundings and return to mom for support
Define Internalized Objects
representations of relationships
mental representation of "object" usually mother
Define Mirroring
Validation of client's point of view by an empathetic observer
Expressing happiness for a client's accomplishment
Define Idealizing
Views the therapist as perfect
Clients project the loss of the perfect mother or father onto therapist
Define Alter Ego
therapist becomes more separate, but is still very similar to client-can now be soothed
Define Neutrality
balance of positive and negative forces-therapist does not take sides
encouraging independence vs dependence (even in domestic violence case) is not being neutral
Define Self Object Failure
Unconscious images of the therapist as perfect and then the client is let down
Client requests a different appt. time and therapist is not available