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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a group?
two or more people working toward a common goal.
What is experimental learning?
A unique way to help people learn about themselves.
During the Socialization Era, what evolved to?
Used for cooperation, social awareness and sense of qualification.
Who is Kurt Lewin & what did he do?
He founded the 1st training for experiemental learning & created group dynamics.
What is Group Dynamics?
Forces within a group that incourage social interaction between the group members.
Adaptation Era
help meet pt. health needs, cope with deficiencies;overcome performance prob. & managae environ. constraints. Medicine is not "the cure all". Also where the functional grp. model emerged.
Wellness Era
Concerned with the 'whole' patient.
Gail Fidler
founded the task oriented grp.
Task Oriented Group
Purpose was the process of HOW they interacted. It'sa working, sharing environ.where client's productive & non productive behaviors could be obsered. It will show the client's strengths & weaknesses.
Mosey Developmental Grp. Model
Ann Cronin Mosey believed OT should repeat the normal course of development. A person's ability to successfully participate & live in their community is dependant on group interaction & skill info.
5 Stages of developmental goup.
parallel, project, egocentric cooperative, cooperative, mature groups
Parallel Group
Most basic; 18m-2yrs. Child involved in own activity
Project Group
Age 2-4yrs. involved in short term tasks;minimal group interaction. i.e. sharing
Egocentric Cooperative
Age 5-7 yrs. members select, implements & executes task;interaction is better
Cooperative Group
Age 9-12 yrs. includes support environ. task accomplished & socail/emotional needs are met by peers.
Mature Group
Age 15-18 yrs. highest lvl of grp interaction. all tasks accomplished, social/emotional needs are met by mbrs.
Kaplan's Directive Group
Kathy Kaplan designed a structured grp experience for acutely ill & minimally functioning in-patients units. (low lvl)
Kaplan's Group Continued
Let patients recognize their behavior to a begining lvl of competence.
Predictability in group sequence
reality orientation-name, date etc.
Introduction of grp. mbrs.
Warm up activity- sensory/motor activity
An activity experience- working toward a goal(grp & indiv.)
Wrap up/summary
Kaplan 4 Short term goals
participate in activities in each session.
Interact verbally with others around the common task.
Attend the group on time & stay for entire grp
Initiate relevent ideas for grp. activities.
Milred Ross
Designed a grp. that is structured, predictable, & consistent in its format.
Content
refers to the work or task done during the time that the grp meets.
Process
refers to HOW things are said and done & how the grp's goals are accomplished.
Open Group
next. Continuous turnover & alters mbr security
Closed Group
Mbrship remains constant & no new mbrs can be added. Trust can be maximized in closed grps., thus potential for learning & behavior change is increased.
Voluntary mbrshp
mbrshp means a participant is free to choose whether to join or leave a grp.
Involuntary mbrs
mborshp often signifies a participant is not free to leave a grp. without permission or consequence.
7 format steps for max. intergration of learning by mbrs
introduction
activity
sharing
processing
generalizing
applying
summary
6 major types of activity groups
Evaluation grps
task-oriented
developmental grps
thematic grps.
topical grps
instrumental grps
Susan Tracy
Tracy's work with the mentally ill let her believe that remedial activities are classified according to their physicological effects as a stimulants, sedatives,anesthetics.