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15 Cards in this Set

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Divine Creation
Governed the originof species
Species
Group of interbreeding organism's capable of producing fertile offspring
Netural Selection
Process by which populations (not individuals) change in response to their environment. This theory is sometimes referred ti as survival of the fittest.
-Causes the frequency of the alleles ina population to change over time.
Variation
Caused by crossing over or mutations
Adaptation
A characteristic that allows an organism a better chance to survive
Gene Pool
All alleles of a population
Jean Lamarack
1908 French Scientist proposed a new mechanism to explain how evolution occurrs. Said it occurred through use and disuse of physical features by individual members of a species.
Charles Lyell
Wrote the book Principals of Genology which explains Lamarks theory of evolution.
Alfred Wallace
English naturalist wrote an essay which described a hypothesis of evolution by natural selection.
Thomas Malthus
English economist wrote that human populations were able to increase faster than food supply.
Gregor Mendel
Conducted the garden pea expirament. Discovered that basis of genetics.
What conclusion did Darwin make about the birds in the Galapagos Islands?
All of the birds derived frin ibe common ancestor.
Ecologial Race
Over tine populations of the same species that differ genetically because if adapation to different living conditions.
Vestigal Structure
Structure reduced in size and function considered to be evidence of an organism's evolutionary past.
Difference between a homologous structure and a analogous structure
H- Share's a common ancestor(similar structure)
A- Same functions but different organism's.