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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Covariation Model
3 aspects that influence the attributions we make:
Consensus, Distinctiveness, Consistancy
What do a lot of other people think?
How unual of distinvt is a person's attitude toward soemthing?
how stable? (want this to be high:stable)
Correspondent Inference Theory
Look at Answer of 3 questions:
Does a person have choice to engage in action?
Is the action expeced based on social role/circumstance?
what are the intended effects of consequences of behavior?
Explain behavior?
Fundamental attribution errors
we have a tendency to think that people's behaviors is driven by internal factors. we rarely attribute them to the situation
Jones & Harris (essay)
Fitel Castro Essays still attributed to peoples' beliefs even when given no choice in what to write in essay
Actor-observer effect
When we look at others we make personal attributions

When we look at our own behavior (usually failures) we make situational attributes
Self-serving attributional bias
when its our own behavior and we do well, we make personal attributions. Actors glad to own success
Differential salience for actors verses observers
different things are salient to different people in any situation
make a dispositional attribution about self if you make yourself salient (movies/mirrors)
not understanding why else a persona would engage in a given behavior
attitudinall hard to understand why people would act in a given way
fein, hilton & miller (student essay)
subjects look at student essay. if told that student had a choice v. no choice...attibution about disposition still makde. if told that th student had ulterior motive-then subjects were less able to make attibution
Gilbert et al (video of woman)
silent video : told talking about sex/politics.
seemed more anxious when told talking about politics bc nothing to attribute anxiety to
-if distracted, woman judged at same level of anxiousness...dont take situation into account in either circumstance
Motivation to create a desired impression
cases which you want to make disserving attibutions.

take credit for bad attributions
Lee et al.
looked at companies annual reports and how they attribute failures