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Theology II Study Guide to Test #1
I. Topics
1. Wesley’s position on predestination -
God does predestine but it is based upon your choice; it is your choice whether you go to heaven or not.
2. Theological definition of agape as it relates to Romans 5:8 –
Love in spite of (my sin).
3. Critical mass as it relates to being born again-
Critical mass is the explosive change that occurs in the core of the atom splits and creates a change reaction.
Being born again is the same as critical mass because there is
A profound change in essence, an explosion
in your core that changes you from being a rebel in your core
But now the core is Jesus Christ.
4. Two definitions for growth (Understand the term personality rigor mortis)-
a.       Growth is the expansive growth of His dominion.
b. Revelation of ourselves to ourselves for the purpose of being changed into the image and likeness of Christ.
c. Personality rigor mortis - ?
5. Sanctification (eternal gratitude vs. +/-), How do Christians avoid the quandary of egoism in relation to heaven? In other words is Christianity also selfish since we get rewards?
- I respond out of gratitude to God for what He is done as opposed to manipulation for what I want Him to do. My whole life is one great act of saying thank you to God, that is the basis for the Christian life. I am serving Him not for what I get but what He has done.
7. The difference between a beaten enemy and a vanquished foe in relation to Satan-
Satan is a beaten enemy but not a vanquished foe because he has not left. Satan has no power only what he has been given.
8. Two false doctrines of sanctification-
Fatalism – I can’t do anything but sin. John 1:13
Perfection (Wesley) – You can obtain perfection in life.
9. Possibility vs. probability in Wesley’s perfectionism-
Theoretically it is possible but not probable. Theoretically, if we can go one minute without sin then we can do a year and so on. But it is not probable, if Paul couldn’t do it then we can’t. And scripture teaches you might be able to do it but you won’t.
10. Total depravity-
every individual is so sinful that they are unable to respond to any offer of grace. You have absolutely no hope of reaching God in your goodness.
a. as it relates to the Imago Dei (car crash)-?
b. Gen. 9:6- ?
–A person who is trying to be good enough to reach God is going to depressed. Because man is filled with sin he can never reach God in his goodness.
f.        as it relates to salvation and our need (the cross as a sponge and lighting rod)-
cross is like a lightning rod, it receives the anger of God like a sponge and there is none left over for you.
11. Luther’s understanding of assent vs. true faith-
I may agree that the chair will hold me (assent) but until I sit in it I have not exhibited faith (true faith). Intellectual concept is not the same as faith. I can assent to it but is must cost me something.
12. The diagrams of growth and salvation – see #3 & 4
13. Ecclesiology—what does the word mean?-
the study of church doctrine
14. Cur Deus Homo
(translate phrase and know the author) Anslem – Why God Became Man?
a. “satisfaction to the degree of the offense” -
if your sin is going to alleviated there has to be an equal payment for what has been done.
b. concepts of relativity of ethics and diminution of sin-
it would be immoral for God to say don’t worry about it. This creates a situation of relativism if you are going to minimize and pretend that some sins are not a rebellion but that would not be true. The problem is because sin is rebellion then we ask to what do degree we allow rebellion – none at all.
c. Historical change in ransom theory-
used to be thought prior to Anslem that God made a payment of Christ to the devil in ransom. Anslem says the payment it is not to the devil that the debt is paid to God.
d. Syllogism of atonement-
1.      man owes a great debt
2.      man should pay the debt
3.      man cannot pay the debt
4.      God must become man.
15. Prayer (check the notes on blackboard—I will pull from these notes)
a. watch as a synonym—analysis as a military term as applied to prayer
b. preemptive strike concept—military concept applied to prayer
c. repetition till resolution—how long do I pray?
d. first three phases of prayer and their importance
e. the concept of prayer therapy
d. How far do we take honesty vs. respect for God?
f. what is the difference between vain babble and repetition till resolution
17. Edwards’ understanding of Eternal Security-
Man has free will. Salvation is designed to liberate you from sin not allow you to sin more. Since they are saved they will come back; if they don’t’ they were never saved. If we give them comfort then it will increase their sin. Not sure about this
18. Calvin’s understanding of Eternal Security-
The human race is lost in sin and God made has made all of our choices before and to be consistent God must make them all. Therefore God choose who will go and who won’t.
20. Luther’s position on free will in his book called Bondage of the will –
No such thing as free will.
24. Number of times the word “Christian” is used vs. “disciple” in Bible -
Christian is used 3 times, disciple is used 269 times.
27. How many times is the word “predestination” used in the New Testament?
twice
29. Inherent worth theology-
The theology that everyone will get saved because we are made in the image and likeness of God. The problem is that there would be not be any morality because your inherent worth (value as a human being with God) would trump God.
30. Redemption—what is being redeemed?
The third level of the Triune Function of the Law – the sinner is redeemed.
31. Plan A/ Plan B –
Plan A is the blood of Jesus Christ - There is no plan B
32. The Cross and relativism as it relates to the Justice of God-
in order for a God to be a just God he must say that all rebellion is unacceptable.
34. Main theological critique against Calvinism-
God is author of evil. If God controls everything then God wants evil.
35. Main theological critique against Arminianism-
Man freedom sets up an uncontrolled force in the universe. Man’s freedom makes God play catch-up. Evil is result of man having freedom to choose.
38. Edwards and Calvin’s view of eternal security (note Edwards Analogy of the blanket)-
both Edwards and Calvin’s view on eternal security are the same. That if they walk away from God they were never saved and if they were then they will come back. He put his toys under the blanket and when his parents went to bed – if you think that Jesus came to put a blanket over your sins so you can play with them you are mistaken.
39. The difference between I John 1:8-9’s use of the aorist tense and I John 3:6-8 and the present active indicative in relation to eternal security. -
(I John 1:8-9 is in the aorist tense -an action that has occurred in the past and has stopped) (I John 3:6-8 is in the present active indicative –present tense and is on going) I John 1:9 Beloved if we have sinned in the past and it has stopped, we may confess those sins in the past that we are no longer doing and He faithful and just to forgive us for those sins in the past that have stopped and that we no longer doing. However, if you are privately continuing in sin you belong to the devil.
40. Disciple to Christian word usage (269-3)
(269-3) – The favorite phrase of the early church t is Jesus is Lord, not savior, because they viewed Him this way. Christian is used 3 times and Disciple 269. Disciple is someone who walks in the disciplines of the faith.
41. The two arrows
God God
Man Man -Man thru his behavior or actions will reach God.
God must reveal Logically – never as intelligent as God.
Thru the word
Morally – never good enough
9. Prevenient grace
– Grace that occurs before salvation, it is a grace that draws you to God.
10. Propitiation
– payment
Just in case….
*Sin is misused freedom.
*Major doctrine – belief or action that separates a person from God
*Minor doctrine- will not prevent us from going to heaven.
*Triune Function of the Law –
A.     Restraining Function of the Law - God has given a law to restrain evil. It is not what God wants but to restrain evil in man. Matt 19:3-9 (Jesus says God allowed divorce in O.T. because their hearts are hardened). Level one – strata
a.       Common grace – the grace that is given to all to sustain the world.
                                                                           i.      (Rain – government)
B.     Revelation of God’s positive will - what God really wants. Matt 5:21-22 Level two.
Theology II Study Guide to Test #1
I. Topics
1. Wesley’s position on predestination -
God does predestine but it is based upon your choice; it is your choice whether you go to heaven or not.
2. Theological definition of agape as it relates to Romans 5:8 –
Love in spite of (my sin).
3. Critical mass as it relates to being born again-
Critical mass is the explosive change that occurs in the core of the atom splits and creates a change reaction.
Being born again is the same as critical mass because there is
A profound change in essence, an explosion
in your core that changes you from being a rebel in your core
But now the core is Jesus Christ.
4. Two definitions for growth (Understand the term personality rigor mortis)-
a.       Growth is the expansive growth of His dominion.
b. Revelation of ourselves to ourselves for the purpose of being changed into the image and likeness of Christ.
c. Personality rigor mortis - ?
5. Sanctification (eternal gratitude vs. +/-), How do Christians avoid the quandary of egoism in relation to heaven? In other words is Christianity also selfish since we get rewards?
- I respond out of gratitude to God for what He is done as opposed to manipulation for what I want Him to do. My whole life is one great act of saying thank you to God, that is the basis for the Christian life. I am serving Him not for what I get but what He has done.
7. The difference between a beaten enemy and a vanquished foe in relation to Satan-
Satan is a beaten enemy but not a vanquished foe because he has not left. Satan has no power only what he has been given.
8. Two false doctrines of sanctification-
Fatalism – I can’t do anything but sin. John 1:13
Perfection (Wesley) – You can obtain perfection in life.
9. Possibility vs. probability in Wesley’s perfectionism-
Theoretically it is possible but not probable. Theoretically, if we can go one minute without sin then we can do a year and so on. But it is not probable, if Paul couldn’t do it then we can’t. And scripture teaches you might be able to do it but you won’t.
10. Total depravity-
every individual is so sinful that they are unable to respond to any offer of grace. You have absolutely no hope of reaching God in your goodness.
a. as it relates to the Imago Dei (car crash)-?
b. Gen. 9:6- ?
–A person who is trying to be good enough to reach God is going to depressed. Because man is filled with sin he can never reach God in his goodness.
f.        as it relates to salvation and our need (the cross as a sponge and lighting rod)-
cross is like a lightning rod, it receives the anger of God like a sponge and there is none left over for you.
11. Luther’s understanding of assent vs. true faith-
I may agree that the chair will hold me (assent) but until I sit in it I have not exhibited faith (true faith). Intellectual concept is not the same as faith. I can assent to it but is must cost me something.
12. The diagrams of growth and salvation – see #3 & 4
13. Ecclesiology—what does the word mean?-
the study of church doctrine
14. Cur Deus Homo
(translate phrase and know the author) Anslem – Why God Became Man?
a. “satisfaction to the degree of the offense” -
if your sin is going to alleviated there has to be an equal payment for what has been done.
b. concepts of relativity of ethics and diminution of sin-
it would be immoral for God to say don’t worry about it. This creates a situation of relativism if you are going to minimize and pretend that some sins are not a rebellion but that would not be true. The problem is because sin is rebellion then we ask to what do degree we allow rebellion – none at all.
c. Historical change in ransom theory-
used to be thought prior to Anslem that God made a payment of Christ to the devil in ransom. Anslem says the payment it is not to the devil that the debt is paid to God.
d. Syllogism of atonement-
1.      man owes a great debt
2.      man should pay the debt
3.      man cannot pay the debt
4.      God must become man.
15. Prayer (check the notes on blackboard—I will pull from these notes)
a. watch as a synonym—analysis as a military term as applied to prayer
b. preemptive strike concept—military concept applied to prayer
c. repetition till resolution—how long do I pray?
d. first three phases of prayer and their importance
e. the concept of prayer therapy
d. How far do we take honesty vs. respect for God?
f. what is the difference between vain babble and repetition till resolution
17. Edwards’ understanding of Eternal Security-
Man has free will. Salvation is designed to liberate you from sin not allow you to sin more. Since they are saved they will come back; if they don’t’ they were never saved. If we give them comfort then it will increase their sin. Not sure about this
18. Calvin’s understanding of Eternal Security-
The human race is lost in sin and God made has made all of our choices before and to be consistent God must make them all. Therefore God choose who will go and who won’t.
20. Luther’s position on free will in his book called Bondage of the will –
No such thing as free will.
24. Number of times the word “Christian” is used vs. “disciple” in Bible -
Christian is used 3 times, disciple is used 269 times.
27. How many times is the word “predestination” used in the New Testament?
twice
29. Inherent worth theology-
The theology that everyone will get saved because we are made in the image and likeness of God. The problem is that there would be not be any morality because your inherent worth (value as a human being with God) would trump God.
30. Redemption—what is being redeemed?
The third level of the Triune Function of the Law – the sinner is redeemed.
31. Plan A/ Plan B –
Plan A is the blood of Jesus Christ - There is no plan B
32. The Cross and relativism as it relates to the Justice of God-
in order for a God to be a just God he must say that all rebellion is unacceptable.
34. Main theological critique against Calvinism-
God is author of evil. If God controls everything then God wants evil.
35. Main theological critique against Arminianism-
Man freedom sets up an uncontrolled force in the universe. Man’s freedom makes God play catch-up. Evil is result of man having freedom to choose.
38. Edwards and Calvin’s view of eternal security (note Edwards Analogy of the blanket)-
both Edwards and Calvin’s view on eternal security are the same. That if they walk away from God they were never saved and if they were then they will come back. He put his toys under the blanket and when his parents went to bed – if you think that Jesus came to put a blanket over your sins so you can play with them you are mistaken.
39. The difference between I John 1:8-9’s use of the aorist tense and I John 3:6-8 and the present active indicative in relation to eternal security. -
(I John 1:8-9 is in the aorist tense -an action that has occurred in the past and has stopped) (I John 3:6-8 is in the present active indicative –present tense and is on going) I John 1:9 Beloved if we have sinned in the past and it has stopped, we may confess those sins in the past that we are no longer doing and He faithful and just to forgive us for those sins in the past that have stopped and that we no longer doing. However, if you are privately continuing in sin you belong to the devil.
40. Disciple to Christian word usage (269-3)
(269-3) – The favorite phrase of the early church t is Jesus is Lord, not savior, because they viewed Him this way. Christian is used 3 times and Disciple 269. Disciple is someone who walks in the disciplines of the faith.
41. The two arrows
God God
Man Man -Man thru his behavior or actions will reach God.
God must reveal Logically – never as intelligent as God.
Thru the word
Morally – never good enough
9. Prevenient grace
– Grace that occurs before salvation, it is a grace that draws you to God.
10. Propitiation
– payment
Just in case….
*Sin is misused freedom.
*Major doctrine – belief or action that separates a person from God
*Minor doctrine- will not prevent us from going to heaven.
*Triune Function of the Law –
A.     Restraining Function of the Law - God has given a law to restrain evil. It is not what God wants but to restrain evil in man. Matt 19:3-9 (Jesus says God allowed divorce in O.T. because their hearts are hardened). Level one – strata
a.       Common grace – the grace that is given to all to sustain the world.
                                                                           i.      (Rain – government)
B.     Revelation of God’s positive will - what God really wants. Matt 5:21-22 Level two.