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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is doctrine of God known as
theology proper
Discuss rivalry of the Gods
When ancient peoples went to battle gods fought for them. Whoever won had the stronger god
What was Israel's problem when they lost a battle
Apparantly Yahweh was less powerful than enemies gods
How did Israel's prophets explain Israel's loss in battle
God's punishment for their sins
Discuss universality of God
Zech 14:16 says all nations would worship Yahweh
Jerusalem council don't have to be a Jew to be a believer because God poured out his Spirit on Gentiles. James quoted Amos 9:11,12 reference to all nations
What is First Cause
Greeks believed there was a creator God beyond their pantheon
Middle ages Christian thinkers developed 3 types of theistic proofs
Ontological argument
Cosmological and teleolical argument
Moral argument
What does "a priori" mean
independent of or prior to our knowledge of the world
What was the ontological argument
Demonstrates the existence of God merely by thinking of the concept of God
Two philosophers who had an ontological argument for the existence of God
Anselm of Canterbury AD 1033-1109
Descartes 1596-1650
How did Descartes define God
the supremely perfect being
Who repudiated Anselm
Thomas Aquinas 1225-74
What was the nature of Thomas Aquinas' repudiation of Anselm
It was an "a priori" argument, no knowledge of God can arise apart from experience of the world
Who repudiated Descartes
Immanuel Kant 1724-1804
What was the nature of Immanuel Kants repudiation of Descartes
Descartes view falsely presupposed existence. We add nothing to an argument by stating something exists