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61 Cards in this Set

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Areas of the stage are determined from _______ perspective.
the actors
Where is upstage vs downstage?
Upstage is farthest from the audience, whereas downstage is closest to the audience.
Where is stage left and right?
to the actor's left and right... oppositte of the observer.
where is center stage?
center stage
What are the four main THEATRE SPACES?
Proscenium
Created or Found
Arena
Thrust
Proscenium stages

-allow for the most...
-are also known for their...
-began where and when
scenery and machinery

4th wall (the stage)

Italy 17th Century
Thrust stage

-What does it look like...
-Based in __________ tradition
-were built where
seating on three sides of stage and it wraps around stage.

Greek

Greeks built these stages in hillsides.
Arena Stage

-what does it look like
-what is it best known for
-what are voms?
round stage surrounded by seating.

Its intimacy and economical

The four entrances and exits to the stage.
Created or Found space

-where can it take place
-what are 2 distinct types
churches, parks, courthouses

neighborhood theatre and guerilla theatre
what is guerilla theatre?
aggressive, politcal theatre with a wide scope.
What is multi-focus theatre? Give an example.
Simultaneous performances... MOD Project: Vote!
What is 5th Century B.C.E in Athens called?
Golden Era or age
Who was thespis?
a performer credited with transforming the songs into drama (GREEK)
Who is Dyonysus?
greek god of fertility, wine and revelry
Who was the choragus?
the modern day producer
how were myths used in Greek theatre?
myths furnished stories in Greek dramas.
Who were the three main greek TRAGIC playwrights?
Aeschylus
Sophocles
Euripides
Aeschylus

-was the 1st...
-introduced...
-What did he do to the chorus?
-master of
important greek dramatist

2nd actor and dialogue

chorus reduction (50 to 12)

trilogy
Sophocles

-built on the work of...
- changes to chorus
-introduced
Aeschylus

Increased from 12 to 15

a third actor
Euripides

- sympathetic portrayal of...
-increased...
-mixed what genres..
women
realism
tragedy and comedy
What is old comedy vs. new comedy (greek theatre lecture)?
Old comedy- political, social and cultural satire.
New comedy- end of the 4th century B.C.E- dealt with romantic and domestic problems.
First theatre productions took place in...

This is the first example of...
Amohitheatres; Thrust stage
What were parados?
aisle through which the chorus entered the stage
in greek theater the audience sat in the
theatron
In greek theatre all characters were played by.... and wore...
men; masks
Who was Aristotle, why was he importnat?
the greek dramatist. "drama has to do with reversal of fortunes and the fall of monarchs"
200 years after Aristotle came...
Hellinistic Era- focus on acting, bigger masks, more theatres
VERY IMPORTANT:

Greek theatre is to _______ as Roman theatre is to _________.
Tragedy/Drama : Comedy
What was ludi romani?
the first purely roman festival celebrating Jupiter
Who were the two surviving playwrights in Roman theatre?
Plautus and Terrence
What kind of characters did they use?
stock characters who usually acted as parasites feeding on others.
Who was the key figure in ROMAN TRAGEDY?
Seneca
Seneca was known for
a large amount of violence on stage.
Seneca influenced
William Shakespeare
who did HORACE argue with and why?
Aristotle; drama and comedy he believed should be kept seperate.
Who was the dominus?
the lead actor, made financial arrangements, musical and costumal decisions.
ONLY __________ did not wear masks.
MIMES
What was credited with the fall of roman theatre?
the rise of christianity.
what is the dramaturg?
historians. there purpose is to inform all in the production of the period.
what does the word Thespian mean?
Performer
who directed the lion king play
Julie Taymore
Five elements of SCENE DESIGN
LINE
MASS
COMPOSITION
TEXTURE
COLOR
What does scene design start with?
scene design begins with the stage floor.
what is wagon?
a low platform on wheels (couch in American Western)
what is a treadmill?
carries performers from one side of the stage to the center(Nsync)
what is a turntable?
a circle set into the floor, rotates from one point of view to another. (Les Meserables)
what is a flat?
canvas stretched across wood (used in films)
What is a fly?
raise scenery above the stage.
What is a scrim?
gauze or cloth screen used to create special effects.
Elements of COSTUME DESIGN
Line
Color
Fabric
Accessories
The first 2000 years of theatre took place where?
outside--- no light
Elements of STAGE LIGHTING
Intensity
Color
Direction
Form
Movement
What is fresnel?
used in short distances to allow light to blend with other sources.
what is ellipsoidal reflectors?
provides great control and shape of light with shutters.
what is a batten?
a pipe to which lights are hung.
Elements of THEATRE SPACE
Stage
Audience
Dressing Rooms
Green Room
Lobby
what is a rendering?
a detailed sketch... usually in color.
what is iris?
determines the size of the pool of light.
what is gobo?
or template determines the pattern of light
what was the first significant work of drama criticism? who wrote it?
The Poetics by Aristotle (Greek)
In Rome to whom was entertainment geared to?
ALL LEVELS OF SOCIETY. NOT JUST THE ELITE.

Huge spectacles~ think Gladiator!