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47 Cards in this Set

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The minstrel show
Nineteenth century, white men distorted features to appear as exaggerated "black" people, some African Americans resorted to this to find work.
Lorraine Hansberry
A Raisin in the Sun writer (domestic tragedy and theater of diversity)
David Henry Hwang
M. Butterfly
Luis Valdez
Chicano theater, zoot suit 1978
el teatro campesino
actos, agitprop: makeshift environments and exaggerated characters
Eve Ensler
Feminist Theater, Vagina Monologues
Tony Kushner
Gay and Lesbian theater, Angels in america
non-traditional casting
reinforces canonized works, marginalized playwrighters from underrepresented groups
genre
plays that share a particular point of view, after French word meaning "category"
Comedy of manner
verbal wit usually aimed at the upper class
Hamartia
ancient greek term usually translated as "tragic flaw" literally means "missing the mark" could be a character flaw or an error in judgement
melodrama
exaggerated characters and events (the totally virtuous character) plots are to get pity and suspense
comedy
enlightenment, Century of progress, optimism
satire
correct vices, expose ridiculous behavior
farce
strong physical humor
pun
a play on words
malapropisms
ludicrous misuse of a word, especially by confusion with one of a similar sound
parody
similar to satire, but relying on a specific known target
domestic comedy
ordinary people, familiar situations
theater of the absurd
filled with non-sensical dialogue and plot, convey the inability of people to communicate and the irrationality of existance
dark comedy
sometimes a comedy that ends catastrophically, incongruity that outweighs our sympathy
conflict
tension between characters that leads to a crisis or climax
climactic structure
always moves forward in time, what happens in one scene leads to the next
episodic structure
generally over a long period of time with big jumps in place and time, each scene is an individual episode
tragedy
Golden age of greece, renaissance,
Fear+Pity+Suffering
fear
personal connection feeling that events could happen to you
Traditional/Classical Tragedy
the chief characters are people of stature: Kings, Queens, Nobility- central character is caught in a series of inescapable circumstances (destiny)
heroic tragedy
high born characters, sometimes have happy endings, death of main character is triumph not tragedy
domestic or bourgeois tragedy
ordinary people, stresses problems of middle and lower classes
Aristotle
discussed tragedy in the poetics and coined "tragic flaw"
Quintessential characters
representative of something
commedia dell'arte
no script, just scenario. Actors were servants or ruling class
allegory
symbolic representation of abstract themes through characters, action, and other concrete elemnts of a play
plot
arrangements of events and characters for dramatic impact, in elizabethan theater an outline of the play posted backstage
exposition
providing audience with knowledge not occuring onstage that is important to understand characters or plot
obstacles
pre-exist
complications
arise during the play
medium
means by which an art form presents itself.theater medium is always presentation of a story or event
rehersal
preparation by a cast for the performance
selectivity
art forms using certain elements while eliminating others, forcing full attention on one element and not others
deus ex machine
"god from a machine" any device brought in to solve problems (gods, fate, etc)
anachronism
placing a character or event outside its proper time sequence
socio drama
characters identify and attempt to remedy inter-group conflicts
gravity
graveness
pertinence
topicality, relates to us in this time
celebration
gives us something to admire, admirable victims
caricature
mostly comic, exaggerated