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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What did Germany announce on Jan. 31, 1917?
Unlimited submarine warfare
What was the Zimmerman note?
German foreign secretary Zimmerman sent a ltter to Mexico asking for help in return for helping Mexico get back Mexican land (Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona).
When did the US declare war?
April 2, 1917
What did Wilson say about this war?
It was "a war to end wars" and it would "make the world safe for democracy."
Who was the first woman elected into Congress?
Jeanette Rankin
Describe and list 6 of Wilson's 14 points.
They were rules for the war (January 18, 1918). (1) No secret treaties, (2) freedom of the seas, (3) removal of exonomic barriers between nations (tariffs), (4)reduction of armaments, (5)self-determination for all people, and (6) League of Nations.
Who was George Creel?
He was in charge of the Committee on Public Information (150,000 members).
List 2 acts aimed at disloyal Americans.
Espionage Act (1917) and Sedition Act (1918).
What was the nickname for International Workers of the World?
Wobblies; consisted of miners, fruit pickers, etc.
Who did Wilson appoint for coordination of War Industries Board?
Bernard Baruch
Who was in charge of Food administration, providing food relief?
Herbert Hoover
How did the US raise money to pay the cost of war?
Liberty loan drives.
Who was the railroad administrator?
What method was used to select those to be drafted?
Random picking (lottery).
What was the Selective Service System?
All males ages 18-45 had to register.
Describe the training that the soldiers had to go through?
6 months in the US and 2 months in Europe.
When did the Bolsheviks take over in Russia?
November of 1917; led by Lenin.
What was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918)?
Russia gave up Ukraine to the Germans. Russia thought that Germany would lose and they'd get the land back, which is what happened.
How many troops did the US send to Archangel? Siberia?
5,000; 10,000
Who was Ferdinand Foch?
Supreme commander of allies.
Who was General J. Pershing?
Commander of American Expeditionary Force.
Where was the 1st fight in Europe fought by American troops?
Chateau Thierrey
Who was Von Richtofen?
A pilot (ace), baron.
What was the Meuse-Argonne offensive?
47-day battle
What is an armistice? When did Germany agree to an armistice?
Agreement to cease fire; November 11, 1918 at 11PM.
Who were the Big Four (Big Three)?
Wilson (USA), George Clemenceau (France), David Lloyd George (Britain), Orlando (Italy)
What did France want?
Security/demilitarized area.
How much was the reparations that Germany had to pay?
$32 billion
What was the basis for the League of Nations?
If 1 nation attacks another, all the other nations defend the victimized nation.
Out of the Big Three, who's goals were most realistic?
Who were the world powers?
Great Britain, France, US, USSR, Germany
NAme three senators.
Henry Cabot Lodge, Borah (Idaho), Hiram Johnson (CA)
When did Wilson have a stroke?
Sept. 25, 1919
As a result of Wilson's Wilson's stroke, who made decisions for him?
Edith Wilson, his wife
What treaty didn't the US want to sign?
Treaty of Versailles; as a result, they weren't part of the League of Nations
Name the 3 presidential candidates of the 1920 election.
Warren G. Harding (senator of Ohio), James Cox (gov of Ohio; Democrats), VP Calvin Cooledge (Massachusetts), and F.D. Roosevelt (N.Y.)