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64 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Major waste product of protein metabolism
Urea
Renal
pertaining to the kidneys
Outer rim of the kidney
renal cortex
Nephrons
functional units that are present in the renal cortex
Inner region of the kidney
Medulla
The pigment that gives the urine the normal straw color
Urochrome
External opening of the urethra
Urinary meatus
micturition
urinating or voiding
A specialist in diagnosing and treating disorders of the kidneys
Nephrologist
A specialist in diagnosing and treating disorders of the urinary system of the females and males
urologist
The inability of one or both of the kidneys to perform their functions
renal failure
Anuria
Absence of urine
Uremia
Toxic condition caused by excessive amount of urea and other waste products in the blood stream.
Condition in which high levels of protein are lost in the urine
Nephrotic Syndrome
Abnormal condition of the kidney
Nephrosis
Presence of abnormally high levels of protein in the urine
Hyperproteinuria
Presence of abnormally low levels of protein in the blood
Hypoproteinemia
Presence of abnormally large amounts of lipids in the blood
Hyperlipidemia
Disease of the kidney
Nephropathy
Dilation of one or both kidneys, as a result of obstruction of urine
Hydronephrosis
Distention (state of being enlarged) of the kidney
Nephrectasis
Inflammation of the kidney
Nephritis
Glomerulonephritis
Nephritis that involves the glomeruli
Prolapse or downward displacement of a kidney
Nephroptosis or floating kidney
Suppuration of the kidney
Nephropyosis
Inherited kidney disorder in which the kidneys become enlarged because of multiple cysts.
polycystic kidney disease
Inflammation of the renal pelvis
Pyelitis
Inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
Pyelonephritis
Acute pain in the kidney area that is caused by blockage during passage of kidney stone.
Renal colic
Calculus
Stone
Disorder characterised by the presence of stones in the kidney
Nephrolithiasis
Distention(stretching) of ureter with urine because of blockage
hydroureter
Enlargement of the ureter
Ureterectasis
Discharge of blood from the ureter
ureterorrhagia
Narrowing of the ureter due to stricture of scar tissue.
Ureterostenosis
Pain in the urinary bladder
Cystalgia
cystodynia
Inflammation of the bladder
Cystitis
Chronic inflammation within the wall of the bladder.
Interstitial cystitis
Hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall
cystocele
Abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina
Vesicovaginal Fistula
Inflammation of the urethra
Urethritis
Bleeding from the urethra
Urethrorrhagia
Abnormal discharge from the urethra
urethrorrhea
narrowing of the urethra
urethrostenosis
Congenital abnormality of the urethral opening
Epispadias
Increased excretion of urine
diuresis
Difficult or painful urination
dysuria
Involuntary discharge of urine
enuresis
Excessive urination in the night
nocturia
scanty urination
oliguria
excessive urination
polyuria
Difficulty in starting a urinary stream
Urinary hesitancy
inability to empty bladder
urinary retention
Inability to control voiding urine
urinary incontinence
Visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cytoscope
cytoscopy
Medication that is administered to increase urine secretion
Diuretics
Procedure to remove waste products from blood for patients whose kidneys no longer function
dialysis
Freeing of kidney from adhesions
Nephrolysis
surgical fixation of floating kidney
Nephropexy
Establishment of an opening between the pelvis of the kidney to the exterior of the body
nephrostomy
Surgical repair of the renal pelvis
Pyeloplasty
Surgical incision into the renal pelvis
Pyelotomy
Surgical removal of a kidney stone through an incision into the kidney.
Nephrolithotomy
Surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall
Cystopexy